Battle of Stalingrad

Stalingraddefeat at StalingradBattle for StalingradSiege of Stalingradat StalingradStalingrad battleThe Battle of Stalingraddefence of StalingradStalingrad Pocketbattle
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.wikipedia
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Volgograd

StalingradTsaritsynVolgograd, Russia
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Battle of Stalingrad in World War II was one of the largest and bloodiest battles in the history of warfare.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.

6th Army (Wehrmacht)

6th ArmySixth ArmyGerman Sixth Army
The German offensive to capture Stalingrad began in August 1942, using the 6th Army and elements of the 4th Panzer Army. The planned summer offensive, code-named Fall Blau (Case Blue), was to include the German 6th, 17th, 4th Panzer and 1st Panzer Armies.
It became widely remembered for its destruction by the Red Army at the Battle of Stalingrad in the winter of 1942–1943.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
Soviet casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the war in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over the Axis forces at intense battles such as Stalingrad and Kursk.

Operation Uranus

UranusencirclementStalingrad counteroffensive
On 19 November 1942, the Red Army launched Operation Uranus, a two-pronged attack targeting the weaker Romanian and Hungarian armies protecting the German 6th Army's flanks.
The operation was executed at roughly the midpoint of the five-month long Battle of Stalingrad, and was aimed at destroying German forces in and around Stalingrad.

Axis powers

AxisAxis forcesAxis power
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
However, crushing defeats at the Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Kursk devastated the German armed forces.

4th Panzer Army

4th Panzer GroupFourth Panzer ArmyPanzer Group 4
The German offensive to capture Stalingrad began in August 1942, using the 6th Army and elements of the 4th Panzer Army. The planned summer offensive, code-named Fall Blau (Case Blue), was to include the German 6th, 17th, 4th Panzer and 1st Panzer Armies.
As a key armoured component of the Wehrmacht, the army took part in the crucial battles of the German-Soviet war of 1941–45, including Operation Barbarossa, the Battle of Moscow, the Battle of Stalingrad, the Battle of Kursk, and the 1943 Battle of Kiev.

Friedrich Paulus

PaulusGeneral PaulusField Marshal Friedrich Paulus
Army Group South (B), including Friedrich Paulus's 6th Army and Hermann Hoth's 4th Panzer Army, was to move east towards the Volga and Stalingrad.
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus (23 September 1890 – 1 February 1957) was a German field marshal during World War II who commanded the 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad (August 1942 to February 1943).

Case Blue

Operation BlueFall BlauOperation Blau
The planned summer offensive, code-named Fall Blau (Case Blue), was to include the German 6th, 17th, 4th Panzer and 1st Panzer Armies.
The Germans defeated the Soviets in the Battle of Kalach and the combat shifted to the city itself in late August.

Urban warfare

urban combathouse-to-house fightingurban
The fighting degenerated into house-to-house fighting; both sides poured reinforcements into the city.
In some particularly vicious urban warfare operations such as Stalingrad and Warsaw, all weapons were used irrespective of their consequences.

Second Army (Hungary)

Hungarian Second ArmyHungarian 2nd ArmySecond Army
Meanwhile, the Hungarian 2nd Army and the German 4th Panzer Army had launched an assault on Voronezh, capturing the city on 5 July.
The Second Army was the best-equipped Hungarian formation at the beginning of the war, but was virtually eliminated as an effective fighting unit by overwhelming Soviet force during the Battle of Stalingrad, suffering 84% casualties.

Romanian armies in the Battle of Stalingrad

Battle of StalingradThird and Fourth RomanianStalingrad
The Germans began using the armies of their Italian, Hungarian and Romanian allies to guard their left (northern) flank.
Two Romanian armies, the Third and the Fourth, were involved in the Battle of Stalingrad, helping to protect the northern and southern flanks respectively of the German 6th Army as it tried to conquer the city of Stalingrad, defended by the Soviet Red Army in mid to late 1942.

Battle of Nikolayevka

Battle of NikolajewkaNikolayevka
Indeed the Italians distinguished themselves in numerous battles, such as the Battle of Nikolayevka.
The Battle of Nikolayevka was the breakout of Italian forces in January 1943, as a small part of the larger Battle of Stalingrad.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Red Army launched a counter-offensive on 19 November and encircled the Axis forces, who were trapped in Stalingrad on 23 November.

Vasily Chuikov

Marshal of the Soviet Union Vasily Ivanovich ChuikovChuikovV.I. Chuikov
These units became the newly formed 62nd Army, which Yeryomenko placed under the command of Lieutenant General Vasiliy Chuikov on 11 September 1942.
He was the commander of the 62nd Army which saw heavy combat during the Battle of Stalingrad.

Andrey Yeryomenko

Andrei YeremenkoA. I. YeryomenkoA.I. Yeryomenko
After German intentions became clear in July 1942, Stalin appointed General Andrey Yeryomenko as commander of the Southeastern Front on 1 August 1942.
During the war, Yeryomenko commanded the Southeastern Front (later renamed the Stalingrad Front) during the Battle of Stalingrad in summer 1942 and planned the successful defense of the city.

Hermann Hoth

Hotha German general
Army Group South (B), including Friedrich Paulus's 6th Army and Hermann Hoth's 4th Panzer Army, was to move east towards the Volga and Stalingrad.
Following the encirclement of the 6th Army in the Battle of Stalingrad in November 1942, Hoth's panzer army unsuccessfully attempted to relieve it during Operation Winter Storm.

Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair force
Marked by fierce close-quarters combat and direct assaults on civilians in air raids, it remains the largest (nearly 2.2 million personnel) and bloodiest (1.8–2 million killed, wounded or captured) battle in the history of warfare.
The defeats at the Battle of Stalingrad and Battle of Kursk ensured the gradual decline of the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front.

Nikita Khrushchev

KhrushchevNikita S. KhrushchevNikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev
Yeryomenko and Commissar Nikita Khrushchev were tasked with planning the defence of Stalingrad.
Khrushchev was present at the bloody defense of Stalingrad, a fact he took great pride in throughout his life.

Army Group B

BHeeresgruppe BGerman Army Group B
Army Group B was commanded initially by Field Marshal Fedor von Bock and later by General Maximilian von Weichs.
Army Group B was given the task of protecting the northern flank of Army Group A, and included the 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad.

Battle of Kalach

Kalacharmored clashCase Blue – Stalingrad
On 25 July the Germans faced stiff resistance with a Soviet bridgehead west of Kalach.
The German victory positioned the Sixth Army to cross the Don River and advance on Stalingrad, which became the site of one of the most decisive battles of World War II.

76th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

76th Infantry Division76. Infanterie-Division76th
The Germans formed bridgeheads across the Don on 20 August, with the 295th and 76th Infantry Division s enabling the XIVth Panzer Corps "to thrust to the Volga north of Stalingrad."
The division was annihilated in the Battle of Stalingrad and reformed by the OB West on 17 February 1943.

Baku

Baku, AzerbaijanBakıBaky
It was assumed that the fall of the city would also firmly secure the northern and western flanks of the German armies as they advanced on Baku, with the aim of securing these strategic petroleum resources for Germany.
The World War II Battle of Stalingrad was fought to determine who would have control of Baku oil fields.

Army Group South

Heeresgruppe SüdGerman Army Group SouthSouth
Army Group South was selected for a sprint forward through the southern Russian steppes into the Caucasus to capture the vital Soviet oil fields there.
The German Sixth Army, which was destroyed in the destructive Battle of Stalingrad, was re-constituted and later made part of Army Group South in March 1943.

1077th Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Soviet Union)

1077th Anti-Aircraft Regiment
The burden of the initial defence of the city fell on the 1077th Anti-Aircraft Regiment, a unit made up mainly of young female volunteers who had no training for engaging ground targets.
The 1077th Anti-aircraft Regiment (1077-й зенитный артиллерийский полк, 1077-y zenitnyy artilleriyskiy polk) under Colonel Raiynin, was a unit of the Stalingrad Corps Region of the Soviet Air Defence Forces which fought during the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942.