Battle of Trafalgar

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The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).wikipedia
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Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson

Horatio NelsonLord NelsonNelson
Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Villeneuve.
He was fatally shot during his victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic WarNapoleonicwar with France
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
At sea, the British severely defeated the joint Franco-Spanish navy in the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805.

Pierre-Charles Villeneuve

VilleneuveAdmiral VilleneuvePierre de Villeneuve
Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Villeneuve. Vice-Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve had taken command of the French Mediterranean fleet following the death of Latouche Treville.
He was in command of the French and the Spanish fleets that were defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar.

Federico Gravina

Federico Carlos Gravina y NápoliGravinaAdmiral Don Federico Carlos Gravina
Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet.
He died of wounds sustained during the Battle of Trafalgar.

War of the Third Coalition

Third CoalitionThirdWar of the Third Coalition against France
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
The Royal Navy, however, secured mastery of the seas and decisively destroyed a Franco-Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805.

Cape Trafalgar

TrafalgarCape of Trafalgar
The battle took place in the Atlantic Ocean off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, near the town of Los Caños de Meca.
The 1805 naval Battle of Trafalgar, in which the Royal Navy commanded by Admiral Horatio Nelson decisively defeated Napoleon's combined Spanish and French fleet, took place off the cape.

French Navy

Marine NationaleFrenchNavy
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
His dreams were dashed by the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, where the British all but annihilated a combined Franco-Spanish fleet, a disaster that guaranteed British naval superiority throughout the Napoleonic Wars.

HMS Victory

HMS ''VictoryVictoryH.M.S. Victory
Nelson had to wait until 15 September before his ship, HMS Victory, was ready to sail. Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory, captained by Thomas Masterman Hardy, was one of three 100-gun first rates in his fleet.
She is best known for her role as Lord Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805.

Louis-René Levassor de Latouche Tréville

Latouche TrévilleLatouche-TrévilleLatouche
Vice-Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve had taken command of the French Mediterranean fleet following the death of Latouche Treville.
Under his successor Villeneuve, the fleet he had refurbished was crushed at the Battle of Trafalgar.

HMS Euryalus (1803)

HMS ''EuryalusEuryalusEuryalas
The force watching the harbour was led by Captain Blackwood, commanding HMS Euryalus.
HMS Euryalus was a Royal Navy 36-gun frigate, which saw service in the Battle of Trafalgar and the War of 1812.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
The battle took place in the Atlantic Ocean off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, near the town of Los Caños de Meca.
The Prime Minister, Manuel Godoy, then ensured that Spain allied herself with France in the brief War of the Third Coalition which ended with the British naval victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

First French Empire

French EmpireFranceFrench
In 1805, the First French Empire, under Napoleon Bonaparte, was the dominant military land power on the European continent, while the British Royal Navy controlled the seas.
Though the vague plan for an invasion of Great Britain was never executed, the Battle of Ulm and the Battle of Austerlitz overshadowed the defeat of Trafalgar, and the camp at Boulogne put at Napoleon's disposal the best military resources he had commanded, in the form of La Grande Armée.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
The Navy frustrated these efforts, and following the abandonment of the invasion plan, Nelson defeated the combined Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar (1805).

Gibraltar

GIBGibraltar Health AuthorityGibraltarian
On 2 October, five ships of the line, HMS Queen, Canopus, Spencer, Zealous, Tigre, and the frigate HMS Endymion were dispatched to Gibraltar under Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Louis for supplies.
During the Napoleonic Wars Gibraltar became a key base for the Royal Navy and played an important role prior to the Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805).

French ship Bucentaure

Bucentaure
Villeneuve was captured, along with his ship Bucentaure.
At the Battle of Trafalgar, on 21 October 1805, she was commanded by Captain Jean-Jacques Magendie.

Blockade

naval blockadeblockadingblockades
During the course of the war, the British imposed a naval blockade on France, which affected trade and kept the French from fully mobilising their naval resources.
The Franco-Spanish fleet under Pierre-Charles Villeneuve then came out, resulting in the Battle of Trafalgar.

Sir Thomas Hardy, 1st Baronet

Thomas HardySir Thomas HardyThomas Masterman Hardy
Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory, captained by Thomas Masterman Hardy, was one of three 100-gun first rates in his fleet.
He served as flag captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, and commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars.

HMS Canopus (1798)

FranklinHMS ''CanopusCanopus
On 2 October, five ships of the line, HMS Queen, Canopus, Spencer, Zealous, Tigre, and the frigate HMS Endymion were dispatched to Gibraltar under Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Louis for supplies.
Commanded by Francis Austen Canopus was Rear-Admiral Thomas Louis's flagship in the Mediterranean under Nelson, and narrowly missed the fighting at Trafalgar.

English Channel

Channelthe Channelcross-channel
To do so, he needed to ensure that the Royal Navy would be unable to disrupt the invasion flotilla, which would require control of the English Channel.
The Battle of Trafalgar took place off the coast of Spain against a combined French and Spanish fleet and was won by Admiral Horatio Nelson, ending Napoleon's plans for a cross-Channel invasion and securing British dominance of the seas for over a century.

Ferrol, Spain

FerrolEl FerrolFerrol, Galicia
France and Spain were allied, so the Spanish fleet based in Cádiz and Ferrol was also available.
When the war with Napoleonic France was over, many of the South American colonies chose to break apart from their mother country and the shipyards of Ferrol went into a serious decline losing most of its civilian, clergy and military population, and henceforth, by 1824, Ferrol had a population of just 10,000 civilian and about 6,000 military personnel (stationed locally if not permanently, at least during most of the year) with its mathematical school for marine artillerists, the pilot school, and Academy for the Guardas Marinas almost completely empty in contrast with the glorious years of abundance known before the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

Flagship

flagship storeflagship universityflagship campus
Nelson also lost Calder's flagship, the 98-gun Prince of Wales, which he sent home as Calder had been recalled by the Admiralty to face a court martial for his apparent lack of aggression during the engagement off Cape Finisterre on 22 July.
This can be seen on, the flagship of Admiral Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, still serving the Royal Navy as the ceremonial flagship of the First Sea Lord from Portsmouth, England.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
In 1805, the First French Empire, under Napoleon Bonaparte, was the dominant military land power on the European continent, while the British Royal Navy controlled the seas.
For the French, this spectacular victory on land was soured by the decisive victory that the Royal Navy attained at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October.

François Étienne de Rosily-Mesros

RosilyFrançois RosilyAdmiral Rosily
The sudden change was prompted by a letter Villeneuve had received on 18 October, informing him that Vice-Admiral François Rosily had arrived in Madrid with orders to take command of the Combined Fleet.
He is notable as being chosen by Napoleon to succeed Villeneuve as commander of the combined Franco-Spanish fleet at Cádiz fleet, arriving to take up his appointment just after its defeat at Trafalgar.

French ship Tigre (1793)

TigreHMS ''TigreHMS ''Tiger
On 2 October, five ships of the line, HMS Queen, Canopus, Spencer, Zealous, Tigre, and the frigate HMS Endymion were dispatched to Gibraltar under Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Louis for supplies.
After the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805, Tigre continued in the blockade of Cadiz.

Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley

DumanoirDumanoir le PelleyAdmiral Dumanior
This reversed the order of the allied line, placing the rear division under Rear-Admiral Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley in the vanguard.
Vice-Admiral Count Pierre-Etienne-René-Marie Dumanoir Le Pelley (2 August 1770 in Granville – 7 July 1829 in Paris) was a French Navy officer, best known for commanding the vanguard of the French fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar.