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Constantine the Great

ConstantineConstantine IEmperor Constantine
The Battle of Turin was fought in 312 between Roman emperor Constantine and the troops of his rival augustus, Maxentius.
In the ensuing battle Constantine's army encircled Maxentius' cavalry, flanked them with his own cavalry, and dismounted them with blows from his soldiers' iron-tipped clubs.

Maxentius

Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maxentius AugustusMarcus Aurelius Valerius ''Maxentius'' AugustusMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius
The Battle of Turin was fought in 312 between Roman emperor Constantine and the troops of his rival augustus, Maxentius.
In the ensuing battle Constantine spread his forces into a line, allowing Maxentius' cavalry to ride into the middle of his forces.

Equites cataphractarii

cataphractariicatafractariiEquites catafractarii
At his approach, from the west, to the important city of Augusta Taurinorum (Turin), Constantine encountered a Maxentian army which included an impressive force of heavily armoured cavalry, called clibanarii or cataphractarii in the ancient sources.
At the Battle of Turin the emperor Constantine I destroyed a numerous force of enemy cataphracts; he manoeuvred his army in such a way that his more lightly armoured and mobile cavalry were able to charge in on the exposed flanks of the cataphracts.

Battle of Verona (312)

VeronaBattle of Veronaencounter
He resided there until the middle of the summer of 312 before moving on. He routed an enemy cavalry force camped near Brescia, and later won a major battle at Verona, where Maxentius' most senior general, Ruricius Pompeianus, was killed.
The way to Italy lay open for him, and shortly afterwards he destroyed a Maxentian army, whose most prominent contingent was of heavy cavalry, at Turin.

Battle of the Milvian Bridge

Milvian Bridgebattle of Milvian BridgeBattle of Ponte Milvio
The campaign ended with his more famous victory at the Milvian Bridge immediately outside Rome.
He easily overran northern Italy, winning two major battles: the first near Turin, the second at Verona, where the praetorian prefect Ruricius Pompeianus, Maxentius' most senior general, was killed.

Rome

RomanRomaRome, Italy
The campaign ended with his more famous victory at the Milvian Bridge immediately outside Rome.

Tetrarchy

tetrarchtetrarchicTetrarchs
Both emperors originally achieved power unconstitutionally, through acclamation by their troops; however, Constantine had been recognised as legitimate within the Tetrachic system and Maxentius had not.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Constantine advanced from his portion of the Roman Empire, and crossed the Alps with less than 40,000 veterans at Mont Cenis pass.

Alps

Alpinethe AlpsAlpine region
Constantine advanced from his portion of the Roman Empire, and crossed the Alps with less than 40,000 veterans at Mont Cenis pass.

Mont Cenis

Massif du Mont-Ceniscol du Mont-CenisMoncenisio
Constantine advanced from his portion of the Roman Empire, and crossed the Alps with less than 40,000 veterans at Mont Cenis pass.

Susa, Piedmont

SusaChâteau de SuseSegusio
Constantine faced the first resistance to his invasion at the city of Segusium (Susa, Italy).

Turin

TorinoTurin, ItalyAugusta Taurinorum
At his approach, from the west, to the important city of Augusta Taurinorum (Turin), Constantine encountered a Maxentian army which included an impressive force of heavily armoured cavalry, called clibanarii or cataphractarii in the ancient sources.

Clibanarii

clibinarii
At his approach, from the west, to the important city of Augusta Taurinorum (Turin), Constantine encountered a Maxentian army which included an impressive force of heavily armoured cavalry, called clibanarii or cataphractarii in the ancient sources.

Brescia

BrixiaBrescia, Italy(BS)
He resided there until the middle of the summer of 312 before moving on. He routed an enemy cavalry force camped near Brescia, and later won a major battle at Verona, where Maxentius' most senior general, Ruricius Pompeianus, was killed.

Ruricius Pompeianus

He resided there until the middle of the summer of 312 before moving on. He routed an enemy cavalry force camped near Brescia, and later won a major battle at Verona, where Maxentius' most senior general, Ruricius Pompeianus, was killed.

Timothy Barnes

Barnes, Timothy D.Barnes, T. D.T.D. Barnes
Barnes, Timothy D. Constantine and Eusebius. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981. ISBN: 978-0-674-16531-1

Battle of Turin (disambiguation)

A Constantinian battle fought in 312, just prior to Constantine's more famous victory at Milvian Bridge.

312

year 312 AD
Constantine the Great crosses the Cottian Alps with an army (40,000 men) and auxiliaries. He defeats Maxentius in three battles at Turin, Brescia and Verona. Maxentius's most senior commander Ruricius Pompeianus is killed during the fightings.

Civil wars of the Tetrarchy

battlescivil warsmoved against Licinius once more
In the ensuing battle Constantine's army encircled Maxentius' cavalry, flanked them with his own cavalry, and dismounted them with blows from his soldiers' iron-tipped clubs.

German and Sarmatian campaigns of Constantine

;312: Constantine gathered a massive army, including barbarians from the recent wars (Germanic peoples and Celts brought over from Britannia), and led it into Italy, defeating his rival Maxentius at Turin, Verona, and finally at the Milvian Bridge.

Monte Musinè

mount Musinè
A local tradition states that it was near Mount Musinè (and therefore not during the Battle of the Milvian Bridge) that the emperor Constantine I saw a flaming cross and the words In hoc signo vinces shortly before the Battle of Turin (312) against his rival Maxentius, which he won.

Campaign history of the Roman military

Roman conquestRoman colonizationRoman expansion
In the Battle of Turin Constantine defeated Maxentius, and in the Battle of Tzirallum, Licinius defeated Maximinus.

List of Roman wars and battles

warfareconquestsList of Roman Wars
Battle of Turin – Constantine I defeats forces loyal to Maxentius.