Battle of Valmy

ValmyValmy 1792Cannonade of Valmyat Valmycritical victory at Valmydefeat at ValmyFrench campaignValmy CampaignValmy, 1792victory at Valmy
The Battle of Valmy was the first major victory by the army of France during the Revolutionary Wars that followed the French Revolution.wikipedia
209 Related Articles

French Revolutionary Wars

French RevolutionaryFrench Revolutionary WarFrench Revolutionary troops
The Battle of Valmy was the first major victory by the army of France during the Revolutionary Wars that followed the French Revolution.
Anticipating an attack, France declared war on Prussia and Austria in the spring of 1792 and they responded with a coordinated invasion that was eventually turned back at the Battle of Valmy in September.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
The Battle of Valmy was the first major victory by the army of France during the Revolutionary Wars that followed the French Revolution.
The Republic was proclaimed in September 1792 after the French victory at Valmy.

Charles François Dumouriez

DumouriezCharles DumouriezCharles-François Dumouriez
Generals François Kellermann and Charles Dumouriez stopped the advance near the northern village of Valmy in Champagne-Ardenne.
He shared the victory at Valmy with General François Christophe Kellermann, but later deserted the Revolutionary Army, and became a royalist intriguer during the reign of Napoleon as well as an adviser to the British government.

War of the First Coalition

First CoalitionCoalitionFirst
In this early part of the Revolutionary Wars—known as the War of the First Coalition—the new French government was in almost every way unproven, and thus the small, localized victory at Valmy became a huge psychological victory for the Revolution at large.
In July 1792, an army under the Duke of Brunswick and composed mostly of Prussians joined the Austrian side and invaded France, only to be rebuffed at the Battle of Valmy in September.

National Convention

ConventionFrench National ConventionFrench Convention
The victory emboldened the newly assembled National Convention to formally declare the end of monarchy in France and to establish the First French Republic.
On the 22nd came the news of the Battle of Valmy.

François Christophe de Kellermann

François Christophe KellermannKellermannFrançois Kellermann
Generals François Kellermann and Charles Dumouriez stopped the advance near the northern village of Valmy in Champagne-Ardenne.
He rose to the occasion, and his victory over the Prussians at the Battle of Valmy, in Goethe's words, "opened a new era in the history of the world".

Army of the North (France)

Army of the NorthArmée du NordL'Armée du Nord
Combined, Dumouriez' Army of the North and Kellermann's Army of the Centre totalled approximately 54,000 troops.
Under Charles François Dumouriez, the Army of the North helped blunt the Prussian invasion at the Battle of Valmy on 20 September 1792.

Valmy

Generals François Kellermann and Charles Dumouriez stopped the advance near the northern village of Valmy in Champagne-Ardenne.
* Valmy provided the setting for the Battle of Valmy on 20 September 1792.

Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick

Duke of BrunswickCharles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelCharles William Ferdinand
The action took place on 20 September 1792 as Prussian troops commanded by the Duke of Brunswick attempted to march on Paris.
The Duke was less successful against the French citizens' army that met him at Valmy.

Forest of Argonne

Argonne ForestArgonneArgonne Region
The invading army handily captured Longwy on 23 August and Verdun on 2 September, then moved on toward Paris through the defiles of the Forest of Argonne.
In 1792 Charles François Dumouriez outmaneuvered the invading forces of the Duke of Brunswick in the forest before the Battle of Valmy.

Army of the Centre

Armies of the CenterArmée du Centre
Combined, Dumouriez' Army of the North and Kellermann's Army of the Centre totalled approximately 54,000 troops.
It had only an ephemeral existence after the battle of Valmy and the Prussians' evacuation of the territory.

La Marseillaise

MarseillaiseFrench national anthemLa Marsellaise
The French troops sang "La Marseillaise" and "Ça Ira", and a cheer went up from the French line.
The invading forces were repulsed from France following their defeat in the Battle of Valmy.

Moulin de Valmy

an old windmillValmy, Marne
He centered his command around an old windmill, which he quickly razed to prevent enemy artillery spotters from using it as a sighting location.
A windmill that stood on the site in 1634 was burnt during the Battle of Valmy in 1792.

Verdun

Verdun, FranceVerdun-sur-MeuseRegret
The invading army handily captured Longwy on 23 August and Verdun on 2 September, then moved on toward Paris through the defiles of the Forest of Argonne.
Despite the extensive fortifications, Verdun was captured by the Prussians in 1792 during the War of the First Coalition, but abandoned by them after the Battle of Valmy.

Battle of Jemappes

JemappesBattle of JemmapesFrench victory at Jemappes
Dumouriez would bear a harsh change of fortune: after one more influential success in November 1792 at Jemappes, he was by the following year a broken man.
The Allied invasion had been at Valmy on 20 September where the French army stood up to an artillery bombardment, and proved that it would not flee at the first sign of opposition The Allied commander, the Duke of Brunswick, was not willing to risk a full-scale assault on the French line, and withdrew after it.

Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy

abolitionabolished the monarchyabolition of the monarchy
Over the next two days, flush with the news from Valmy, the new Convention deputies abolished the monarchy and proclaimed the French Republic.
Their middle-class origin and their political activity meant that most of them bore no sympathy for the monarchy, and the victory at the battle of Valmy on 20 September (the revolution's first military success) occurred on the same day as their meeting, thus confirming their convictions.

Louis XVI of France

Louis XVIKing Louis XVIKing Louis XVI of France
Others have put forward more shadowy motives for the decision, including a secret plea by Louis XVI to avoid an action which might cost him his life, and even bribery of the Prussians, allegedly paid for with the Bourbon crown jewels.
First, after the Battle of Valmy on 22 September 1792, General Dumouriez negotiated with the Prussians who evacuated France.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

GoetheJohann Wolfgang GoetheJohann von Goethe
The German writer and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who was present at the battle with the Prussian army, later wrote that he was approached by some of his comrades in a state of dejection.
In late 1792, Goethe took part in the Battle of Valmy against revolutionary France, assisting Duke Karl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach during the failed invasion of France.

The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World

Fifteen Decisive Battles of the Worldexpanded list of most decisive battlesThe'' ''Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World

Horace Vernet

Emile Jean Horace VernetÉmile Jean-Horace VernetVernet
Examples of paintings in this style include his Four Battles series: The Battle of Jemappes (1821), The Battle of Montmirail (1822), The Battle of Hanau (1824), and The Battle of Valmy (1826).

Nobility of the First French Empire

Baron of the EmpireCount of the Empirecomte de l'Empire
In 1808 he was ennobled by Napoleon and became Duke of Valmy.

Friedrich Wilhelm, Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Kirchberg

HohenloheFriedrich Wilhelm von Hohenlohe-KirchbergPrince of Hohenlohe
In combination with the Army of Condé and Hessian troops, a portion of his force, 15,000, covered the left (southern) flank of the Prussian advance on Valmy.

Kingdom of France

FranceFrenchFranco
The Battle of Valmy was the first major victory by the army of France during the Revolutionary Wars that followed the French Revolution.

Kingdom of Prussia

PrussiaPrussianPrussian court
The action took place on 20 September 1792 as Prussian troops commanded by the Duke of Brunswick attempted to march on Paris.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
The action took place on 20 September 1792 as Prussian troops commanded by the Duke of Brunswick attempted to march on Paris. The invading army handily captured Longwy on 23 August and Verdun on 2 September, then moved on toward Paris through the defiles of the Forest of Argonne.