Battle of Waterloo

Waterloobattlethe Battle of Waterloobattlefield of Waterloodefeat at Waterloodefeat of NapoleondownfallWaterloo battlefieldWaterloo campaign1815 defeat
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time.wikipedia
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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Duke of WellingtonWellingtonArthur Wellesley
A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher.
His victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain's military heroes.

Battle of Quatre Bras

Quatre BrasQuatre-Brasbattles of Quatre Bras
On 16 June, he successfully attacked the bulk of the Prussian army at the Battle of Ligny with his main force, while a portion of the French army simultaneously attacked an Anglo-allied army at the Battle of Quatre Bras.
The Battle of Quatre Bras was fought on 16 June 1815, as a preliminary engagement to the decisive Battle of Waterloo that occurred two days later.

Waterloo, Belgium

Waterloothe site
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time.
It is north of Braine-l'Alleud, which is the site of the Battle of Waterloo, where the resurgent Napoleon was defeated for the final time in 1815.

Waterloo Campaign: Ligny through Wavre to Waterloo

withdrawn parallel to Wellington
Napoleon sent a third of his forces to pursue the Prussians, who had withdrawn parallel to Wellington in good order.
After their defeat at the Battle of Ligny (16 June 1815) the Prussians successfully disengaged and withdrew to north to Wavre where they reorganised and then three corps advanced westward to attack the right flank of the French army at the Battle of Waterloo.

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

BlücherGebhard von BlücherPrince Blücher
A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher.
He earned his greatest recognition after leading his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleonic
A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher.
The Allies responded by forming a Seventh Coalition which defeated him at the Battle of Waterloo in June.

Waterloo Campaign

Waterloo1815 campaignadvance on Paris
Waterloo was the decisive engagement of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon's last.
Initially the French army was commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte, but he left for Paris after the French defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.

Battle of Ligny

LignyBattles of LignyBattle of Fleurus
On 16 June, he successfully attacked the bulk of the Prussian army at the Battle of Ligny with his main force, while a portion of the French army simultaneously attacked an Anglo-allied army at the Battle of Quatre Bras.
While the French troops did force the enemy to retreat, the Prussian army survived and went on to play a pivotal role two days later at the Battle of Waterloo, reinforced by IV Prussian corps that had not participated in the battle at Ligny.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonicwar with FranceNapoleonic War
The battle marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Allies responded with the Seventh Coalition, defeating Napoleon permanently at Waterloo in June 1815 and exiling him to St Helena, a British territory midway between Africa and Brazil, where he died six years later.

Hundred Days

Hundred Days CampaignWar of the Seventh CoalitionSeventh Coalition
A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher. The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French and marked the end of his Hundred Days return from exile.
This set the stage for the last conflict in the Napoleonic Wars, the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, the restoration of the French monarchy for the second time and the permanent exile of Napoleon to the distant island of Saint Helena, where he died in May 1821.

Battle of Wavre

Wavre
This resulted in the separate and simultaneous Battle of Wavre with the Prussian rear-guard.
A blocking action, this battle kept 33,000 French soldiers from reaching the Battle of Waterloo and so helped in the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo.

Duchess of Richmond's ball

ballball given by the Duchess of Richmondball of the Duchess of Richmond
In the early hours of 16 June, at the Duchess of Richmond's ball in Brussels, he received a dispatch from the Prince of Orange and was shocked by the speed of Napoleon's advance.
The Duchess of Richmond's ball was a grand social event in Brussels on 15 June 1815, three days before Waterloo.

Congress of Vienna

Vienna CongressTreaty of Vienna1815
On 13 March 1815, six days before Napoleon reached Paris, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared him an outlaw.
The Congress's "final act" was signed nine days before his final defeat at Waterloo on 18 June 1815.

Braine-l'Alleud

Braine-l'Alleud, Belgium
The battlefield is located in the municipalities of Braine-l'Alleud and Lasne, about 15 km south of Brussels, and about 2 km from the town of Waterloo.
The famous Lion of Waterloo where the eponymous battle took place is in the territory of Braine-l'Alleud.

Brussels

Brussels-Capital RegionBrussels, BelgiumBruxelles
The battlefield is located in the municipalities of Braine-l'Alleud and Lasne, about 15 km south of Brussels, and about 2 km from the town of Waterloo.
The French rule ended in 1815, with the defeat of Napoleon on the battlefield of Waterloo, located south of today's Brussels-Capital Region.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
Four days later, the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria, and Prussia mobilised armies to defeat Napoleon.
The Allies united and the armies of Wellington and Blücher defeated Napoleon once and for all at Waterloo.

United Kingdom of the Netherlands

NetherlandsUnited NetherlandsDutch
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time.
William used the occasion to declare himself king on 16 March 1815 as William I. After the Battle of Waterloo, discussions continued.

Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1792–1862)

Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-EisenachPrince Bernhard of Saxe-WeimarBernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
He hastily ordered his army to concentrate on Quatre Bras, where the Prince of Orange, with the brigade of Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, was holding a tenuous position against the soldiers of Ney's left wing.
He fought at the Battle of Quatre Bras and the Battle of Waterloo where he commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Dutch Division and became a Chief Commander of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army

Lion's Mound

Lion of Waterloo
The site of the battlefield today is dominated by the monument of the Lion's Mound, constructed from earth taken from the battlefield itself; the topography of the battlefield near the mound has not been preserved.
It commemorates the location on the battlefield of Waterloo where a musket ball hit the shoulder of William II of the Netherlands (the Prince of Orange) and knocked him from his horse during the battle.

Emperor of the French

EmperorFrench EmperorEmperor of France
The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French and marked the end of his Hundred Days return from exile.
Napoleon's reign lasted until 22 June 1815, when he was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, exiled and imprisoned on the island of Saint Helena, where he died on 5 May 1821.

Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey

Lord PagetLord UxbridgeThe Marquess of Anglesey
The Duke of York imposed many of his staff officers on Wellington, including his second-in-command the Earl of Uxbridge.
During the Hundred Days he led the charge of the heavy cavalry against Comte d'Erlon's column at the Battle of Waterloo.

Lancer

lancerschevau-légers lancierslancer fronted
The cavalry in particular was both numerous and formidable, and included fourteen regiments of armoured heavy cavalry, and seven of highly versatile lancers who were armed with lances, sabres and firearms.
At the Battle of Waterloo, French lances were "nearly three meters (about nine feet, ten inches) long, weighed three kilograms (about six pounds, ten ounces), and had a steel point on a wooden staff," according to historian Alessandro Barbero.

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
All of the British Army troops were regular soldiers, but only 7,000 of them were Peninsular War veterans.
A coalition of Anglo-Dutch and Prussian armies under the Duke of Wellington and Field Marshal von Blücher finally defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815.

Prussia

PrussianPrussian statePrussian army
A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher.
Prussian troops under Marshal Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher contributed crucially (with the British) in the Battle of Waterloo of June 1815 to the final victory over Napoleon.

Georg Dubislav Ludwig von Pirch

Pirch IGeorg Dubislav von PirchPirch
Two and a half Prussian army corps, or 48,000 men, were engaged at Waterloo; two brigades under Bülow, commander of IV Corps, attacked Lobau at 16:30, while Zieten's I Corps and parts of Pirch I's II Corps engaged at about 18:00.
Georg Dubislav Ludwig von Pirch (13 December 1763 – 3 April 1838) was a Prussian Lieutenant general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars, participating in the battles of Leipzig and Waterloo.