Battle of the Thames

Battle of MoraviantownBattle of ThamesThamesAmerican and British forcesBattle of Moraviantown, Upper CanadaBattle of the River Thamesdefeated Tecumsehdefeatskilled TecumsehMoraviantown
The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive American victory in the War of 1812 against Great Britain and its Indian allies in Tecumseh's Confederacy.wikipedia
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War of 1812

The War of 1812American War of 1812war
The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive American victory in the War of 1812 against Great Britain and its Indian allies in Tecumseh's Confederacy.
In 1813, the Americans won the Battle of Lake Erie, gaining control of the lake, and they defeated Tecumseh's Confederacy at the Battle of the Thames, securing a primary war goal.

Tecumseh

Shawnee chiefChief TecumsehPucksinwah
The British lost control of Southwestern Ontario as a result of the battle; Tecumseh and war chief Roundhead were killed, and Tecumseh's Confederacy largely fell apart. Procter was forced to retreat north up the Thames River to Moraviantown, followed by the tribal confederacy under Shawnee leader Tecumseh and war chief Roundhead who were his allies.
However, after U.S. naval forces took control of Lake Erie in 1813, the British and their Native American allies retreated into Upper Canada, where the European American forces engaged them at the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813, and Tecumseh was killed.

Tecumseh's Confederacy

American Indian Confederacyconfederacygroup of Indian tribes
The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive American victory in the War of 1812 against Great Britain and its Indian allies in Tecumseh's Confederacy.
However, the confederation fell apart in 1813 following his death at the Battle of the Thames.

Roundhead (Wyandot)

RoundheadChief Roundhead
The British lost control of Southwestern Ontario as a result of the battle; Tecumseh and war chief Roundhead were killed, and Tecumseh's Confederacy largely fell apart. Procter was forced to retreat north up the Thames River to Moraviantown, followed by the tribal confederacy under Shawnee leader Tecumseh and war chief Roundhead who were his allies.
He was a strong member of Tecumseh's Confederacy against the United States during the War of 1812, and he died alongside Tecumseh at the Battle of the Thames.

William Henry Harrison

William H. HarrisonHarrisonWilliam Harrison
American infantry and cavalry under Major General William Henry Harrison drove off the British and then defeated the Indians, who were demoralized by the deaths of Tecumseh and Roundhead in action. The American Army of the Northwest under William Henry Harrison was attempting to recover Detroit and capture Fort Malden at Amherstburg, Ontario during the last months of 1812 and for much of 1813 from the Right Division of the British Army in Upper Canada, which was commanded by Major General Henry Procter.
He was promoted to major general in the Army in the War of 1812, and in 1813 led American infantry and cavalry at the Battle of the Thames in Upper Canada.

Battle of Lake Erie

Lake ErieBattle of Put-in-BayBattle of Put-in-Bay, Lake Erie
Finally, with supplies almost exhausted, Barclay put out to seek battle with Perry on September 10, but Perry gained a complete victory in the Battle of Lake Erie.
This ensured American control of the lake for the rest of the war, which in turn allowed the Americans to recover Detroit and win the Battle of the Thames to break the Indian confederation of Tecumseh.

Oliver Hazard Perry

Oliver PerryCommodore Oliver Hazard PerryCommodore Perry
The United States Navy was constructing its own squadron at Presque Isle Bay commanded by Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry.
The loss of the British squadron directly led to the critical Battle of the Thames, the rout of British forces by Harrison's army, the deaths of Tecumseh and Roundhead, and the breakup of his Indian alliance.

Isaac Shelby

Issac ShelbyCol. Isaac ShelbyShelby, Isaac, Col
He had a small detachment of regulars from the 27th U.S. Infantry and five brigades of Kentucky militia led by Isaac Shelby, the 63 year-old governor of Kentucky and a hero of the American Revolutionary War.
While governor, he led the Kentucky militia in the Battle of the Thames, an action that was rewarded with a Congressional Gold Medal.

Chatham-Kent

ChathamChatham, OntarioBothwell
It took place on October 5, 1813 in Upper Canada, near Chatham.
In the War of 1812, the Battle of the Thames took place between Moraviantown and Thamesville on October 5, 1813.

Lewis Cass

CassGeneral Lewis CassCass, Lewis
The Americans left a brigade under Duncan McArthur to garrison Detroit and another under Lewis Cass to garrison Sandwich, Ontario.
He fought at the Battle of the Thames in the War of 1812 and was appointed to govern Michigan Territory in 1813.

Richard Mentor Johnson

Richard M. JohnsonRichard JohnsonJulia Chinn
He also had 1,000 volunteer cavalry under Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson.
Johnson participated in the Battle of the Thames.

Upper Canada

UpperProvince of Upper CanadaUpper Canadian
It took place on October 5, 1813 in Upper Canada, near Chatham.
On the retreat they were intercepted at the Battle of the Thames (5 October 1813) and destroyed in a major American victory that killed Tecumseh and broke the power of Britain's Indian allies.

Shawnee

Shawnee IndiansShawneesShawnee people
Procter was forced to retreat north up the Thames River to Moraviantown, followed by the tribal confederacy under Shawnee leader Tecumseh and war chief Roundhead who were his allies.
General Harrison launched another invasion of Upper Canada, which culminated in the U.S. victory at the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813.

William Whitley

Richard Mentor Johnson claimed to have shot Tecumseh, though the evidence is unclear; William Whitley was a Revolutionary War veteran who is also credited with killing him.
He was killed in Canada at the Battle of the Thames; some accounts credit him with killing Tecumseh, a Shawnee leader allied with the British.

Thames River (Ontario)

Thames RiverThamesNorth Thames River
Procter was forced to retreat north up the Thames River to Moraviantown, followed by the tribal confederacy under Shawnee leader Tecumseh and war chief Roundhead who were his allies.
The Battle of the Thames (also known as the Battle of Moraviantown) was fought on October 5, 1813, between American General William Henry Harrison and British General Henry Proctor, along with Proctor's ally Tecumseh.

Henry Procter (British Army officer)

Henry ProcterHenry ProctorGeneral Henry Proctor
British troops under Major General Henry Procter had occupied Detroit until the United States Navy gained control of Lake Erie, depriving them of their supplies. The American Army of the Northwest under William Henry Harrison was attempting to recover Detroit and capture Fort Malden at Amherstburg, Ontario during the last months of 1812 and for much of 1813 from the Right Division of the British Army in Upper Canada, which was commanded by Major General Henry Procter.
Procter's retreat was slow and poorly organised, and the Americans under Harrison caught up with him near Moraviantown.

Fort Malden

MaldenFort Malden National Historic Site
The American Army of the Northwest under William Henry Harrison was attempting to recover Detroit and capture Fort Malden at Amherstburg, Ontario during the last months of 1812 and for much of 1813 from the Right Division of the British Army in Upper Canada, which was commanded by Major General Henry Procter.
It was on this route that Tecumseh was killed at the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813.

Army of the Northwest (United States)

Army of the NorthwestcommanderNorthwest Army
The American Army of the Northwest under William Henry Harrison was attempting to recover Detroit and capture Fort Malden at Amherstburg, Ontario during the last months of 1812 and for much of 1813 from the Right Division of the British Army in Upper Canada, which was commanded by Major General Henry Procter.
Harrison led the army in the Siege of Fort Meigs and the Battle of the Thames.

Battle of Longwoods

LongwoodsBattle HillBattle Hill Memorial
The American victory led to re-established American control over the Northwest frontier, and the Detroit area remained comparatively quiet for the rest of the war, apart from skirmishes such as the Battle of Longwoods and an American mounted raid near the end of 1814 which resulted in the Battle of Malcolm's Mills.
In October, 1813, in the aftermath of the American naval victory of the Battle of Lake Erie, an American army under Major General William Henry Harrison recovered Detroit (which the British had captured early in the war), captured the abandoned British post at Fort Malden at Amherstburg, and defeated a retreating British and Native American force at the Battle of the Thames.

Engagements on Lake Huron

Engagement on Lake HuronAction at NottawasagaCapture of the American schooners ''Tigress'' and ''Scorpion
American victory at the Thames failed to translate into recapture of Illinois, Wisconsin, and other Midwestern territories, which the British and Indians held until the war's end; efforts also failed to regain control of the Old Northwest and of fur trade routes after the British victory at the subsequent Engagements on Lake Huron.
This allowed Harrison's army to recapture Detroit and win the Battle of Moraviantown, where Tecumseh was killed.

United States Army

U.S. ArmyUS ArmyArmy
After taking control of Lake Erie in 1813, the U.S. Army seized parts of western Upper Canada, burned York and defeated Tecumseh, which caused his Western Confederacy to collapse.

Joseph Desha

In 1813, he volunteered to serve in the war and commanded a division at the Battle of the Thames.

Battle of Frenchtown

River Raisin MassacreFrenchtownMassacre of the River Raisin
Most of Johnson's men were from Kentucky, but some were from the River Raisin area of Michigan, all of them spurred on by the slogan "Remember the River Raisin."
The retreating British were pushed back into Upper Canada, where they were defeated at the Battle of the Thames on October 5.

Tecumseh's War

Tecumseh's Rebellionbeginning renewed resistancefought unsuccessfully
The war lasted for two more years, until the fall of 1813, when Tecumseh, as well as his second-in-command, Roundhead, died fighting Harrison's Army of the Northwest at the Battle of the Thames in Upper Canada, near present-day Chatham, Ontario, and his confederacy disintegrated.

John J. Crittenden

John Jordan CrittendenJohn CrittendenCrittenden
In 1813, he became an aide-de-camp to Governor Isaac Shelby, serving at the Battle of the Thames in Canada.