Bay of Fundy

FundybayFundy BayFundy ShoreFundy waters
The Bay of Fundy (Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.wikipedia
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Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
The Bay of Fundy (Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.
Blue Beach near Hantsport, Joggins Fossil Cliffs, on the Bay of Fundy's shores, has yielded an abundance of Carboniferous-age fossils.

New Brunswick

NBProvince of New BrunswickNew Brunswick, Canada
The Bay of Fundy (Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.
New Brunswick may have been part of Vinland during the Norse exploration of North America, and Basque, Breton, and Norman fishermen may have visited the Bay of Fundy in the early 1500s.

Annapolis Royal Generating Station

Annapolis RoyalAnnapolis Royal Tidal Generating StationAnnapolis Royal Tidal Power Generating Station
The Annapolis Royal Generating Station, a 20 MW tidal power station on the Annapolis River upstream of Annapolis Royal, is one of the few tidal generating stations in the world, and the only one in North America.
The Annapolis Royal Generating Station is a tidal power generating station in the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Saint John River (Bay of Fundy)

Saint John RiverSt. John RiverSaint John
Other phenomena include the Reversing Falls near the mouth of the Saint John River, a rip tide at Cape Enrage, and the Old Sow whirlpool at Passamaquoddy Bay.
The Saint John River is a 673 km long river that flows from Northern Maine into Canada, and runs south along the western side of New Brunswick, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean in the Bay of Fundy.

Annapolis River

AnnapolisCanadian river
The Annapolis Royal Generating Station, a 20 MW tidal power station on the Annapolis River upstream of Annapolis Royal, is one of the few tidal generating stations in the world, and the only one in North America.
The comparatively mild micro-climate produced by the valley's North and South mountain ranges, as well as its proximity to the waters of the Bay of Fundy make the region ideal for fruit crops such as apples.

Maine

MEState of MaineMaine, United States
The Bay of Fundy (Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.
Also in this easternmost area in the Bay of Fundy is the Old Sow, the largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere.

Passamaquoddy Bay

PassamaquoddyPassamaquaddy BayPassamaquoddy Bay tidal power
Other phenomena include the Reversing Falls near the mouth of the Saint John River, a rip tide at Cape Enrage, and the Old Sow whirlpool at Passamaquoddy Bay.
Passamaquoddy Bay is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy, between the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick, at the mouth of the St. Croix River.

Tidal resonance

Because of tidal resonance in the funnel-shaped bay, the tides that flow through the channel are very powerful.
Famous examples of this effect are found in the Bay of Fundy, where the world's highest tides are reportedly found, and in the Bristol Channel.

Reversing Falls

Reversing Falls Rapids
Other phenomena include the Reversing Falls near the mouth of the Saint John River, a rip tide at Cape Enrage, and the Old Sow whirlpool at Passamaquoddy Bay.
The Reversing Falls are a series of rapids on the Saint John River located in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, where the river runs through a narrow gorge before emptying into the Bay of Fundy.

Grand Manan

Grand Manan IslandGrand HarbourGrand Manan, New Brunswick
During the continental breakup, magma erupted as basaltic lavas and left igneous rock formations such as the columnar jointing which can be seen on Brier and Grand Manan islands, among other places around the bay.
Grand Manan Island (also simply Grand Manan) is a Canadian island, and the largest of the Fundy Islands in the Bay of Fundy.

The Maritimes

MaritimesMaritime ProvincesCanadian Maritimes
At that time what is now The Maritimes was situated near the equator and had a warm tropical climate and vegetation was lush.
The Passamaquoddy Nation inhabited the northwestern coastal regions of the present-day Bay of Fundy.

Fundy Basin

The story of the Fundy Basin begins about 200 million years ago in the early Jurassic, when all land on earth was part of a supercontinent called Pangaea.
These arms meet at the Bay of Fundy, which is contained within the rift valley.

Tidal power

tidal energytidaltides
The Annapolis Royal Generating Station, a 20 MW tidal power station on the Annapolis River upstream of Annapolis Royal, is one of the few tidal generating stations in the world, and the only one in North America.
The first study of large scale tidal power plants was by the US Federal Power Commission in 1924 which if built would have been located in the northern border area of the US state of Maine and the south eastern border area of the Canadian province of New Brunswick, with various dams, powerhouses, and ship locks enclosing the Bay of Fundy and Passamaquoddy Bay (note: see map in reference).

Tidal range

MLTrangetidal coefficient
It has an extremely high tidal range.
The world's largest tidal range of 16.3 m occurs in Bay of Fundy, Canada, and the United Kingdom regularly experiences tidal ranges up to 15 m between England and Wales in the Severn Estuary.

Burntcoat Head, Nova Scotia

Burntcoat Headhighest of all
The oldest dinosaur fossil in Canada was found at Burntcoat Head.
Burntcoat Head (improperly known as Burncoat) is an unincorporated rural Canadian community in Hants County, Nova Scotia and is known internationally as the site where it was officially recorded that the Bay of Fundy, and specifically Burntcoat, has the highest tides in the world.

Joggins

Joggins Fossil CliffsJoggins, Nova ScotiaJoggins Fossil Centre
Very early reptiles have been discovered in Carboniferous tree trunks at Joggins.
Situated on the Cumberland Basin, a sub-basin of the Bay of Fundy, Joggins was a long established coal mining area.

Minas Basin

MinasBoot Island National Wildlife Area
On the Nova Scotia side mudflats are found on the southern side of the Minas Basin and in Cobequid Bay.
The Minas Basin is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy and a sub-basin of the Fundy Basin located in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Shepody Bay

Shepody Marsh
Major mudflats are found on around the Maringouin Peninsula which lies between Shepody Bay and the Cumberland Basin and at the northern end of Chignecto Bay.
Shepody Bay is a tidal embayment, an extension of the Bay of Fundy in New Brunswick, Canada, which consists of 77 km² of open water and 40 km² of mudflats, with 4 km² of saline marsh on the west, and eroding sand and gravel beaches covering an area of approximately 1 km² on the eastern shore.

Chignecto Bay

bayChignecto
Major mudflats are found on around the Maringouin Peninsula which lies between Shepody Bay and the Cumberland Basin and at the northern end of Chignecto Bay.
Chignecto Bay is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy located between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia and separated from the waters of the Northumberland Strait by the Isthmus of Chignecto.

Cumberland Basin (Canada)

Cumberland BasinCumberland
Major mudflats are found on around the Maringouin Peninsula which lies between Shepody Bay and the Cumberland Basin and at the northern end of Chignecto Bay.
Cumberland Basin is an inlet and northeasternmost part of the Bay of Fundy, located on the border between the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

Cobequid Bay

Cobequid
On the Nova Scotia side mudflats are found on the southern side of the Minas Basin and in Cobequid Bay.
Cobequid Bay is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy and the easternmost part of the Minas Basin, located in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.

Old Sow whirlpool

Old Sow
Other phenomena include the Reversing Falls near the mouth of the Saint John River, a rip tide at Cape Enrage, and the Old Sow whirlpool at Passamaquoddy Bay.
The whirlpool is caused by local bathymetry and extreme tidal range where waters exchange between Passamaquoddy Bay and the Bay of Fundy, combined with the unusual topography of the location's sea floor at the confluence of the numerous local currents.

North Atlantic right whale

Eubalaena glacialisright whaleNorth Atlantic
The endangered North Atlantic right whale can be seen in the bay.
In 2002, the International Maritime Organization shifted the location of the Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS, i.e. shipping lanes) in the Bay of Fundy (and approaches) from an area with the highest density of North Atlantic right whales to an area of lower density.

Harbour porpoise

harbor porpoisePhocoena phocoenacommon porpoise
Many other marine mammals are found in the bay including fin whales, humpback whales, minke whales, Atlantic white-sided dolphin and the harbour porpoise.
Many anomalously white coloured individuals have been confirmed, mostly in the North Atlantic, but also notably around Turkish and British coasts, and in the Wadden Sea, Bay of Fundy and around the coast of Cornwall.

Isle Haute

Isle Haute is an island in the upper regions of Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia, near the entrance to the Minas Basin.