Beagle 2

Beagle-2Beagle2
The Beagle 2 was a British Mars lander that was transported by the European Space Agency's 2003 Mars Express mission.wikipedia
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Mars Express

Mars Express OrbiterOMEGAASPERA-3
The Beagle 2 was a British Mars lander that was transported by the European Space Agency's 2003 Mars Express mission.
Mars Express consists of two parts, the Mars Express Orbiter and Beagle 2, a lander designed to perform exobiology and geochemistry research.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

MROCTXCTX (camera)
The Beagle 2 fate remained a mystery until January 2015 when it was located on the surface of Mars in a series of images from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera.
In addition, MRO was tasked with looking for the remains of the previously lost Mars Polar Lander and Beagle 2 spacecraft.

Colin Pillinger

Colin Trevor PillingerColin Pillinger FRS CBEProf. Colin Pillinger
The Beagle 2 was conceived by a group of British academics headed by Professor Colin Pillinger of the Open University, in collaboration with the University of Leicester.
He was a founding member of the Planetary and Space Sciences Research Institute at Open University in Milton Keynes, he was also the principal investigator for the British Beagle 2 Mars lander project, and worked on a group of Martian meteorites.

Astrobiology

astrobiologistexobiologyastrobiological
It was an astrobiology mission that would have looked for past life on the shallow surface of Mars.
Missions specifically designed to search for current life on Mars were the Viking program and Beagle 2 probes.

University of Leicester

Leicester UniversityLeicesterUniversity College, Leicester
The Beagle 2 was conceived by a group of British academics headed by Professor Colin Pillinger of the Open University, in collaboration with the University of Leicester.
It also houses Europe's biggest academic centre for space research, in which space probes have been built, most notably the Mars Lander Beagle 2, which was built in collaboration with the Open University.

Mars landing

Mars landerland on Marslander
The Beagle 2 was a British Mars lander that was transported by the European Space Agency's 2003 Mars Express mission.
The Mars Express craft consisted of the Mars Express Orbiter and the lander Beagle 2.

Damien Hirst

Damian HirstDamien HurstDamian Hurst
The mission's call-sign was composed by the band Blur, and the 'test card' (Calibration Target Plate) intended for calibrating Beagle 2 cameras and spectrometers after landing was painted by Damien Hirst.
Hirst also painted a simple colour pattern for the Beagle 2 probe.

McLaren Applied Technologies

McLaren Electronic SystemsMcLarenapplied technology centre
Under its old name as McLaren Composites, the company also produced landing equipment and solar panels for Beagle 2.

Isidis Planitia

Isidis basinIsidisIsidis impact basin
Isidis Planitia, an enormous flat sedimentary basin that overlies the boundary between the ancient highlands and the northern plains of Mars, was chosen as the landing site and a 50 by ellipse centered on 11.53°N, 90.5°W was selected.
The Beagle 2 lander was about to land in the eastern part of Isidis Planitia in December 2003, when contact with the craft was lost.

Darian calendar

DarianMartian calendarMartian year
The lander was expected to operate for about 180 days and an extended mission of up to one Martian year (687 Earth days) was thought possible.

National Space Centre

The National Space Centre
The Lander Operations Control Centre (LOCC) was located at the National Space Centre in Leicester, from which the spacecraft was being controlled, and was visible to the public visiting the centre.
The failed Beagle 2 Mars spacecraft was controlled from the centre's Landing Operations Control Centre.

HMS Beagle

HMS ''BeagleBeagleH.M.S. Beagle
"HMS Beagle was the ship that took Darwin on his voyage around the world in the 1830s and led to our knowledge about life on Earth making a real quantum leap. We hope Beagle 2 will do the same thing for life on Mars."

Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package

HP 3 PLUTO
Beagle 2 is also equipped with a small sample retrieval tool named Planetary Undersurface Tool or PLUTO (nicknamed the mole), that would have been deployed by the robotic arm.
HP 3 was conceived by Gromov V. V. et al. in 1997, and first flown as the PLUTO instrument on the failed 2003 Beagle 2 Mars lander mission.

Logica

LogicaCMGLogica CMGLogica Plc
In December 2003, LogicaCMG’s software controlled the doomed Beagle 2 probe after separation from the Mars Express orbiter.

Blur (band)

BlurBlur (Bass guitarist) Blur
The mission's call-sign was composed by the band Blur, and the 'test card' (Calibration Target Plate) intended for calibrating Beagle 2 cameras and spectrometers after landing was painted by Damien Hirst.
Early in 2002, Blur recorded a song that would be played by European Space Agency's Beagle 2 lander once it touched down; however, attempts to locate the probe after it landed on Mars were fruitless.

Climate of Mars

climateClimate on Marsweather
The Beagle 2 lander objectives were to characterise the landing site geology, mineralogy, geochemistry and oxidation state, the physical properties of the atmosphere and surface layers, collect data on Martian meteorology, climate, and search for biosignatures.
Scientists were even able to accurately predict dust storms that would occur during the landing of Beagle 2.

Mars atmospheric entry

entered the Martian atmosphereatmospheric entryEntry
Beagle 2 coasted for six days after release and entered the Martian atmosphere at about 20000 km/h on the morning of 25 December.

Beagle 3

Beagle 2: Evolution
Beagle 3 was the proposed successor to the failed British Beagle 2 Mars lander, with which communication was lost.

Exploration of Mars

Mars explorationMars missionmanned mission to Mars
Failures are sometimes informally called the Mars Curse.
It carried the Beagle 2 lander, which was not heard from after being released and was declared lost in February 2004.

List of missions to Mars

List of missions to the moons of Mars25 of 55 missions through 2019future Mars missions

David Southwood

David J. SouthwoodProfessor David John SouthwoodProfessor David Southwood
David Southwood, ESA's Director of Science, provided four scenarios of possible failures:
During 2003 ESA launched a largely British lander, Beagle 2, which was carried to Mars by the larger Mars Express spacecraft.

Schiaparelli EDM

Schiaparelli EDM landerSchiaparelliSchiaparelli'' lander
Unlike the Beagle 2 lander, which was not heard from again after being released from Mars Express in 2003, the Exomars module transmitted during descent so data collected and transmitted on the way down was not lost if the spacecraft was destroyed on impact.

Airbag

airbagsair bagside curtain airbag
After deceleration in the Martian atmosphere, parachutes deployed, and at about 200 m above the surface large airbags inflated around the lander to protect it when it hit the surface.
The Beagle 2 Mars lander also tried to use airbags for landing; the landing was successful, and the lander touched down safely, but several of the spacecraft's solar panels failed to deploy, thereby disabling the spacecraft.

Atmospheric entry

atmospheric reentryreentryre-entry
It is incorrect to reapply an aeroshell design intended for Titan entry (Huygens probe in a nitrogen atmosphere) for Mars entry (Beagle-2 in a carbon dioxide atmosphere).