A report on Beat Generation and Howl (poem)

Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Howl and Other Poems was published in the fall of 1956 as number four in the Pocket Poets Series from City Lights Books.
A section devoted to the beat generation at a bookstore in Stockholm, Sweden
The administrative board of Yleisradio is getting ready to discuss the broadcast of “Howl” in December 1969.

Allen Ginsberg's Howl (1956), William S. Burroughs' Naked Lunch (1959), and Jack Kerouac's On the Road (1957) are among the best known examples of Beat literature.

- Beat Generation

It came to be associated with the group of writers known as the Beat Generation.

- Howl (poem)
Lawrence Ferlinghetti

14 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Allen Ginsberg

10 links

American poet and writer.

American poet and writer.

First edition cover of Ginsberg's landmark poetry collection, Howl and Other Poems(1956)
Ginsberg with his partner, poet Peter Orlovsky. Photo taken in 1978
Portrait with Bob Dylan, taken in 1975
Allen Ginsberg greeting A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada at San Francisco International Airport. January 17, 1967
The Mantra-Rock Dance promotional poster featuring Allen Ginsberg along with leading rock bands.
Allen Ginsberg, 1979
Protesting at the 1972 Republican National Convention
Allen Ginsberg, Timothy Leary, and John C. Lilly in 1991

As a student at Columbia University in the 1940s, he began friendships with William S. Burroughs and Jack Kerouac, forming the core of the Beat Generation.

Ginsberg is best known for his poem "Howl", in which he denounced what he saw as the destructive forces of capitalism and conformity in the United States.

Jack Kerouac by Tom Palumbo circa 1956

Jack Kerouac

5 links

Jack Kerouac by Tom Palumbo circa 1956
Jack Kerouac's birthplace, 9 Lupine Road, 2nd floor, West Centralville, Lowell, Massachusetts
His third of several homes growing up in the West Centralville section of Lowell
Kerouac's Naval Reserve Enlistment photograph, 1943
Jack Kerouac lived with his parents for a time above a corner drug store in Ozone Park (now a flower shop), while writing some of his earliest work.
454 West 20th Street
House in College Park in Orlando, Florida where Kerouac lived and wrote The Dharma Bums
Grave in Edson Cemetery, Lowell
On the Road excerpt in the center of Jack Kerouac Alley
Jack Kerouac Alley in Chinatown, San Francisco

Jean-Louis Lebris de Kérouac (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969), known as Jack Kerouac, was an American novelist and poet who, alongside William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg, was a pioneer of the Beat Generation.

Many editors were also uncomfortable with the idea of publishing a book that contained what were, for the era, graphic descriptions of drug use and homosexual behavior—a move that could result in obscenity charges being filed, a fate that later befell Burroughs' Naked Lunch and Ginsberg's Howl.

Placed before the location of Six Gallery on the 50th anniversary of the first full-length public reading of HOWL.

Six Gallery reading

5 links

Important poetry event that took place on Friday, October 7, 1955, at 3119 Fillmore Street in San Francisco.

Important poetry event that took place on Friday, October 7, 1955, at 3119 Fillmore Street in San Francisco.

Placed before the location of Six Gallery on the 50th anniversary of the first full-length public reading of HOWL.

Conceived by Wally Hedrick, this event was the first important public manifestation of the Beat Generation and helped to herald the West Coast literary revolution that continued the San Francisco Renaissance.

Most famously, it was at this reading that Allen Ginsberg first presented his poem Howl.

Ferlinghetti in 1965

Lawrence Ferlinghetti

4 links

American poet, painter, social activist, and co-founder of City Lights Booksellers & Publishers.

American poet, painter, social activist, and co-founder of City Lights Booksellers & Publishers.

Ferlinghetti in 1965
A sample of Ferlinghetti's work at San Francisco's Jack Kerouac Alley, which is adjacent to the City Lights Bookstore
Lawrence Ferlinghetti in 2012 at Caffe Trieste
Career Award Plaque conferred on October 28, 2017, at the Premio di Arti Letterarie Metropoli di Torino, Italy

He was arrested for publishing Allen Ginsberg's Howl, resulting in a First Amendment trial in 1957, where Ferlinghetti was charged with publishing an obscene work—and acquitted.

Ferlinghetti published many of the Beat poets and is considered by some as a Beat poet as well.

Kenneth Rexroth

4 links

American poet, translator, and critical essayist.

American poet, translator, and critical essayist.

Kenneth Rexroth Street in San Francisco, California

Although he did not consider himself to be a Beat poet, and disliked the association, he was dubbed the "Father of the Beats" by Time magazine.

Rexroth later testified as a defense witness at Ferlinghetti's obscenity trial for publishing "Howl".

City Lights Bookstore, 2010

City Lights Bookstore

4 links

Independent bookstore-publisher combination in San Francisco, California, that specializes in world literature, the arts, and progressive politics.

Independent bookstore-publisher combination in San Francisco, California, that specializes in world literature, the arts, and progressive politics.

City Lights Bookstore, 2010
City Lights Bookstore - outside, 2013
Lawrence Ferlinghetti at City Lights in 2007
City Lights bookstore in July 2003.
The poetry room.
Howl and Other Poems was published in the fall of 1956 as number four in the Pocket Poets Series from City Lights Books

This was followed in quick succession by Thirty Spanish Poems of Love and Exile translated by Kenneth Rexroth and Poems of Humor & Protest by Kenneth Patchen, but it was the impact of the fourth volume, Howl and Other Poems (1956) by Allen Ginsberg that brought national attention to the author and publisher.

In addition to books by Beat Generation authors, the press publishes literary work by such authors as Charles Bukowski, Georges Bataille, Rikki Ducornet, Paul Bowles, Sam Shepard, Andrei Voznesensky, Nathaniel Mackey, Alejandro Murguía, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Ernesto Cardenal, Daisy Zamora, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Juan Goytisolo, Anne Waldman, André Breton, Kamau Daáood, Masha Tupitsyn, and Rebecca Brown.

Burroughs in the 1980s

William S. Burroughs

3 links

Burroughs in the 1980s
William S. Burroughs' childhood home on Pershing Place in St. Louis
William S. Burroughs and James Grauerholz in the alley behind the Jazzhaus in Lawrence, Kansas (1996)
Burroughs and David Woodard with Brion Gysin Dreamachine, 1997

William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914 – August 2, 1997) was an American writer and visual artist, widely considered a primary figure of the Beat Generation and a major postmodern author who influenced popular culture and literature.

The novel was initially rejected by City Lights Books, the publisher of Ginsberg's Howl; and Olympia Press publisher Maurice Girodias, who had published English-language novels in France that were controversial for their subjective views of sex and antisocial characters.

Neal Cassady

3 links

1944 Denver mug shot of Cassady

Neal Leon Cassady (February 8, 1926 – February 4, 1968) was a major figure of the Beat Generation of the 1950s and the psychedelic and counterculture movements of the 1960s.

Howl (2010), Jon Prescott, chronicles Allen Ginsberg's creation of the poem "Howl" and the obscenity trial surrounding its publication; Jon Prescott portrays Cassady.

Jack Kerouac and Lucien Carr (right) in 1944

Lucien Carr

3 links

Jack Kerouac and Lucien Carr (right) in 1944

Lucien Carr (March 1, 1925 – January 28, 2005) was a key member of the original New York City circle of the Beat Generation in the 1940s; later he worked for many years as an editor for United Press International.

In 1956, when Ginsberg's "Howl" and Kerouac's On the Road were about to be national sensations, Carr was promoted to night news editor.

Theatrical release poster

Howl (2010 film)

3 links

Theatrical release poster

Howl is a 2010 American film which explores both the 1955 Six Gallery debut and the 1957 obscenity trial of 20th-century American poet Allen Ginsberg's noted poem "Howl".

It reconstructs the early life of Ginsberg during the 1940s and 1950s.