Beech marten

stone martenMartes foinamartenCentral Asian stone martensM. foinamartens
The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America.wikipedia
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Marten

MartesmartensHimalayan yellow-throated marten
The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America.

European polecat

polecatpolecatsMustela putorius
Because of its shorter limbs, the beech marten's manner of locomotion differs from that of the pine marten; the beech marten moves by creeping in a polecat-like manner, whereas the pine marten and sable move by bounds.
There is at least one record of a beech marten killing a polecat.

Penis

peniledickcock
The beech marten's penis is larger than the pine marten's, with the bacula of young beech martens often outsizing those of old pine martens.
The beech marten's penis is larger than the pine marten's, with the bacula of young beech martens often outsizing those of old pine martens.

Red fox

Vulpes vulpesfoxred
Red foxes, lynxes and mountain lions may prey on adults, whereas juveniles are vulnerable from attack by birds of prey and wildcats.
Red foxes may kill small mustelids like weasels, stone martens, pine martens, stoats, kolonoks, polecats and young sables.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America.

Central Asia

Central AsianCentralCentral Asian Republics
The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
The beech marten (Martes foina), also known as the stone marten, house marten or white breasted marten, is a species of marten native to much of Europe and Central Asia, though it has established a feral population in North America.

Least-concern species

least concernspecies of least concernLC
It is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN on account of its wide distribution, its large population, and its presence in a number of protected areas.

International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCNInternational Union for the Conservation of NatureWorld Conservation Union
It is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN on account of its wide distribution, its large population, and its presence in a number of protected areas.

European pine marten

pine martenMartes martespine martens
It is superficially similar to the pine marten, but differs from it by its smaller size and habitat preferences.

Würm glaciation

WürmWürm Ice Agelast ice age
vetus'' fossils were found in deposits dated to the Würm glaciation in Lebanon and Israel.

Lebanon

LebaneseLebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon
vetus'' fossils were found in deposits dated to the Würm glaciation in Lebanon and Israel.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
vetus'' fossils were found in deposits dated to the Würm glaciation in Lebanon and Israel.

Near East

Near EasternNearNear-East
The beech marten likely originated in the Near East or southwestern Asia, and may have arrived in Europe by the Late Pleistocene or the early Holocene.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
The beech marten likely originated in the Near East or southwestern Asia, and may have arrived in Europe by the Late Pleistocene or the early Holocene.

Late Pleistocene

Upper PleistoceneTarantianlate Pleistocene period
The beech marten likely originated in the Near East or southwestern Asia, and may have arrived in Europe by the Late Pleistocene or the early Holocene.

Holocene

PresentRecentHolocene epoch
The beech marten likely originated in the Near East or southwestern Asia, and may have arrived in Europe by the Late Pleistocene or the early Holocene.

Quaternary

Quaternary PeriodQuaternary agelast 2.5 million years
Thus, the beech marten differs from most other European mustelids of the Quaternary, as all other species (save for the European mink) appeared during the Middle Pleistocene.

European mink

Mustela lutreolaEuropeanM. lutreola
Thus, the beech marten differs from most other European mustelids of the Quaternary, as all other species (save for the European mink) appeared during the Middle Pleistocene.

Middle Pleistocene

MiddleChibanianIonian
Thus, the beech marten differs from most other European mustelids of the Quaternary, as all other species (save for the European mink) appeared during the Middle Pleistocene.

Aegean Islands

AegeanAegean islandArchipelago
Beech martens indigenous to the Aegean Islands represent a relic population with primitive Asiatic affinities.

Hypercarnivore

hypercarnivoroushypercarnivoryhyper-predatory
The skull of the beech marten suggests a higher adaptation than the pine marten toward hypercarnivory, as indicated by its smaller head, shorter snout and its narrower post-orbital constriction and lesser emphasis on cheek teeth.

Beak

billcereculmen
Selective pressures must have acted to increase the beech marten's bite force at the expense of gape.

Animal locomotion

locomotionlocomotor activitylocomotor
Because of its shorter limbs, the beech marten's manner of locomotion differs from that of the pine marten; the beech marten moves by creeping in a polecat-like manner, whereas the pine marten and sable move by bounds.

Sable

Martes zibellinaSablesEcologist of Barguzin Sable
Because of its shorter limbs, the beech marten's manner of locomotion differs from that of the pine marten; the beech marten moves by creeping in a polecat-like manner, whereas the pine marten and sable move by bounds.