A report on BeijingHebeiTianjin and Grand Canal (China)

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.
1913 map of Tianjin
The Grand Canal, under Sui and Tang dynasties.
One of the corner towers of the Forbidden City, built by the Yongle Emperor during the early Ming dynasty
Nearly 1100-year-old Iron Lion of Cangzhou
Church of Our Lady's Victories, built in 1869, was the site of the Tianjin Church Massacre.
The invention of the water-level-adjusting pound lock in the 10th century CE was done in response to the necessity of greater safety for the travel of barge ships along the rougher waters of the Grand Canal.
Overlapping layout of Beijing during the Liao, Jin, Yuan and Ming dynasties
Tricolor Duck-Shaped Cup, Tang Dynasty, unearthed from Anxin County
Peiyang University, established 1895
The Chinese invention of the pound lock system allows for water levels to be raised or lowered to improve travel in the canal.
Summer Palace is one of the several palatial gardens built by Qing emperors in the northwest suburb area.
The Putuo Zongcheng Temple of Chengde, Hebei, built in 1771 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
Tung Lai Bank building on Heping Road, built in 1930
The Yongle Emperor (r. 1402–1424) restored the Grand Canal in the Ming era.
Chongwenmen, a gate to the inner walled city, c. 1906
Hebei in 1936
Major crossing (Rue Général Foch and Rue de Chaylard) of downtown Tientsin in French concession
Grand Canal. Drawing by William Alexander, draughtsman of the Macartney Embassy to China in 1793.
A large portrait of Chiang Kai-shek was displayed above Tiananmen after WWII.
Langyashan (Wolf Tooth Mountain), in Yi County
Asahi Street (now Heping Road) in 1939 Tianjin flood
The Qianlong Emperor's Southern Inspection Tour, Scroll Six: Entering Suzhou along the Grand Canal dated 1770.
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949
Section of the Great Wall of China at Jinshanling
P.R.China's 10th anniversary parade in Tianjin in 1959
Barges on the modern Grand Canal ("Li Canal" section) near Yangzhou
A scene from the opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Bashang Meadows in Fengning County
Tianjin Eye
The Jiangnan Canal
Landsat 7 Satellite image of Beijing Municipality with the surrounding mountains in dark brown
Downtown Shijiazhuang.
Monument of TEDA
Grand Canal tour boats, Suzhou
1940s Nationalist Beijing with predominantly traditional architecture
A building in downtown Zhangjiakou.
Population density and low elevation coastal zones in the Tianjin area. Tianjin is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise.
The canal in Jining City
The sign of Doujiao Hutong, one of the many traditional alleyways in the inner city
The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei Province, built in AD 1045 during the Song dynasty
Tianjin (labeled as T'IEN-CHIN (TIENTSIN) 天津) (1955)
The junction of the Lu Canal and South Canal
Beijing average annual temperatures from 1970 to 2019 during summer (June, July, and August) and winter (December, January, and February). Weather station data from ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/noaa/. For comparison the Global Surface Temperature Anomaly rose by approximately one degree over the same time period.
Hejian-styled donkey burger
Map of the Hai River Basin
The Grand Canal at its northern terminus at Houhai in Beijing.
Heavy air pollution has resulted in widespread smog. These photographs, taken in August 2005, show the variations in Beijing's air quality.
A Ding ware bowl
2011 satellite image of Tianjin. The city center was on the left, while the smaller urban area to the right was the Binhai New Area.
The South–North Water Transfer Project central route starting point in Nanyang. Looking "upstream", toward the Danjiangkou Reservoir, from which the water is coming.
Houhai Lake and Drum Tower at Shichahai, in the Xicheng District
The Xumi Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei province, built in 636 AD during the Tang dynasty
Hai River in 2011
Xidan is one of the oldest and busiest shopping areas in Beijing.
View of the Chengde Mountain Resort
Airport Industrial Park, Dongli District
Beijing products treemap, 2020
Then-Premier Wen Jiabao, himself a Tianjin native, and Klaus Schwab at the Annual Meeting of the New Champions of World Economic Forum in Tianjin, 2010
The Taikoo Li Sanlitun shopping arcade is a destination for locals and visitors.
Tianjin city center
The skyline of Beijing CBD
Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area
Zhongguancun is a technology hub in Haidian District
US Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi visiting a Tianjin Qingyuan Electric Vehicle factory in 2009
The Beijing Ancient Observatory
Old Guanyinhao Bank
Qianmen Avenue, a traditional commercial street outside Qianmen Gate along the southern Central Axis
Crosstalk in Tianjin
Inside the Forbidden City
Nankai University
Beijing Acrobatic Performance (10553642935)
Jingwei Tries to Fill the Sea, the dome mural of Tianjin railway station
A Temple of the Goddess in Gubeikou
Tianjin Binhai International Airport Terminal 1 and 2
Fire God Temple in Di'anmen
Port of Tianjin pilot boat berth
The tomb pagodas at Tanzhe Temple
The TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram is one of the two rubber tire tram systems in Asia
Yonghe Temple of Tibetan Buddhism
The Tianjin Metro near Liuyuan station
Niujie Mosque
Tianjin railway station
Church of the Saviour, also known as the Xishiku Church, built in 1703
Tianjin West railway station
The China Central Television Headquarters building in CBD
Tianjin Bus Route 606
Fireworks above Olympic venues during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
A Mazu temple in Tianjin
Tai chi (Taijiquan) practitioners at the Fragrant Hills Park
House decorated by more than seven hundred million pieces of ceramic
Beijing Workers' Stadium at night as viewed from Sanlitun
Tianjin Museum
Beijing railway station, one of several rail stations in the city
Tianjin Italian Town
Badaling Expressway overpass near the Great Wall
Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Nankai District
Typical Beijing traffic signage found at intersections
Tianjin Juilliard School in Binhai,Tianjin
Traffic jam in the Beijing CBD
Terminal 3 of the Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport
Two Line 1 trains on the Beijing Subway, which is among the longest and busiest rapid transit systems in the world
An articulated Beijing bus
Bicyclists during rush hour at the Chang'an Avenue, 2009
KJ-2000 and J-10s started the flypast formation on the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

Starting in Beijing, it passes through Tianjin and the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang to the city of Hangzhou, linking the Yellow River and Yangtze River.

- Grand Canal (China)

Nevertheless, its built-up area, the third largest in China after Guangzhou and Shanghai, is slightly bigger, including three districts in Hebei (Sanhe, Dachang Hui and Zhuozhou) being conurbated but with Miyun and Pinggu Districts in Beijing not agglomerated yet.

- Beijing

Beijing is mostly surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin to the southeast; together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji megalopolis and the national capital region of China.

- Beijing

Tianjin borders Hebei Province and Beijing Municipality, bounded to the east by the Bohai Gulf portion of the Yellow Sea.

- Tianjin

Five UNESCO World Heritage Sites can be found in the province, the: Great Wall of China, Chengde Mountain Resort, Grand Canal, Eastern Qing tombs and Western Qing tombs.

- Hebei

Nowadays Tianjin is a dual-core city, with its main urban area (including the old city) located along the Hai River, which connects to the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal; and Binhai, an adjacent New Area urban core located east of the old city, on the coast of the Bohai Gulf.

- Tianjin

In 1421, when the Yongle Emperor moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing, the province started to be called as "North Zhili" or just "Zhili", which means "Directly Ruled (by the Imperial Court)".

- Hebei

Beijing is home to many national monuments and museums and has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites—the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, and parts of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal—all of which are popular tourist locations.

- Beijing

The capital was also moved from Baoding to the upstart city of Shijiazhuang, and, for a short period, to Tianjin.

- Hebei
The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.

1 related topic with Alpha


The Song dynasty at its greatest extent in 1111

Song dynasty

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Imperial dynasty of China that began in 960 and lasted until 1279.

Imperial dynasty of China that began in 960 and lasted until 1279.

The Song dynasty at its greatest extent in 1111
Emperor Taizu of Song (960–976), a court portrait painting
A portrait of Emperor Taizong of Song ( 976–997)
A wooden Bodhisattva from the Song dynasty (960–1279).
A Liao dynasty polychrome wood-carved statue of Guan Yin, Shanxi Province, China, (907–1125)
A portrait of Emperor Gaozong of Song (r. 1127–1162)
Southern Song in 1142. The western and southern borders remain unchanged from the previous map. However, the north of the Qinling Huaihe Line was under the control of the Jin dynasty. The Xia dynasty's territory generally remained unchanged. In the southwest, the Song dynasty bordered a territory about a sixth its size, the Dali dynasty.
Emperor Taizu of Song, Emperor Taizong of Song, prime minister Zhao Pu and other ministers playing Cuju, an early form of football, by Qian Xuan (1235–1305)
A 12th-century painting by Su Hanchen; a girl waves a peacock feather banner like the one used in dramatical theater to signal an acting leader of troops.
The Donglin Academy, an educational institution equivalent to modern-day college. It was originally built in 1111 during the Northern Song dynasty.
Traction trebuchet on an Early Song Dynasty warship from the Wujing Zongyao. Trebuchets like this were used to launch the earliest type of explosive bombs.
Armoured Song cavalry
The Liaodi Pagoda, the tallest pre-modern Chinese pagoda, built in 1055; it was intended as a Buddhist religious structure, yet served a military purpose as a watchtower for reconnaissance.
Chinese calligraphy of mixed styles written by Song dynasty poet Mi Fu (1051–1107)
Portrait of the Chinese Zen Buddhist Wuzhun Shifan, painted in 1238 AD.
Dried jujubes such as these were imported to Song China from South Asia and the Middle East. An official from Canton was invited to the home of an Arab merchant, and described the jujube as thus: "This fruit is the color of sugar, its skin and its pulp are sweet, and it gives the impression, when you eat it, of having first been cooked in the oven and then allowed to dry."
Earliest known written formula for gunpowder, from the Wujing Zongyao of 1044 AD.
Facsimile of Zhu Shijie's Jade Mirror of Four Unknowns
The Yu Ji Tu, or "Map of the Tracks of Yu", carved into stone in 1137, located in the Stele Forest of Xi'an. This 3 ft squared map features a graduated scale of 100 li for each rectangular grid. China's coastline and river systems are clearly defined and precisely pinpointed on the map. Yu refers to the Chinese deity described in the geographical chapter of the Book of Documents, dated 5th–3rd centuries BCE.
A plan and side view of a canal pound lock, a concept pioneered in 984 by the Assistant Commissioner of Transport for Huainan, the engineer Qiao Weiyo.
are lines of Song dynasty stone statues
Scholars of the Song dynasty claim to have collected ancient relics dating back as far as the Shang dynasty, such as this bronze ding vessel.

The Song dynasty used military force in an attempt to quell the Liao dynasty and to recapture the Sixteen Prefectures, a territory under Khitan control since 938 that was traditionally considered to be part of China proper (Most parts of today's Beijing and Tianjin).

Song Chinese invested their funds in joint stock companies and in multiple sailing vessels at a time when monetary gain was assured from the vigorous overseas trade and domestic trade along the Grand Canal and Yangtze River.

The tallest is the Liaodi Pagoda of Hebei built in 1055, towering 84 m in total height.