Beijing dialect

Beijing MandarinBeijingBeijing Mandarin dialectBeijing accentBeijing formBeijing slangBeijing speechBeijing vernacularBeijing-accentedChinese
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.wikipedia
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Mandarin Chinese

MandarinChineseChinese language
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.
The group includes the Beijing dialect, the basis of Standard Mandarin or Standard Chinese.

Beijing

PekingBeijing, ChinaBeiping
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.
Beijing is an important world capital and global power city, and one of the world's leading centers for politics, economy and business, finance, education, culture, innovation and technology, architecture, language, and diplomacy.

Standard Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin Chinese
It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, which is the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.
Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect, its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese.

Dungan language

DungandngCyrillic Dungan
Dungan language speakers like Iasyr Shivaza and others have reported that Chinese who speak Beijing dialect can understand Dungan, but Dungans could not understand the Beijing Mandarin.
On the other hand, Dungan speakers like Yasyr Shivaza and others have reported that Chinese who speak the Beijing Mandarin dialect can understand Dungan, but Dungans could not understand the Beijing Mandarin.

China

🇨🇳ChinesePeople's Republic of China
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China. It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, which is the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.
Standard Mandarin, a variety of Mandarin based on the Beijing dialect, is the official national language of China and is used as a lingua franca in the country between people of different linguistic backgrounds.

Erhua

-儿 suffixerizational vowelsRhotacization
Many of such slang words employ the rhotic suffix "-r", which is known as erhua.
It is most common in the speech varieties of North China, especially in the Beijing dialect, as a diminutive suffix for nouns, though some dialects also use it for other grammatical purposes.

List of varieties of Chinese

Chinese dialectsChinese languagesChinese varieties
*List of Chinese dialects
Guan (including Beijing and Nanjing variants)

Manchu language

ManchuManchurianNative Name
The Chinese Northern Mandarin dialect spoken in Beijing had a major impact on the phonology of the dialect of Manchu spoken in Beijing, and since Manchu phonology was transcribed into Chinese and European sources based on the sinified pronunciation of Manchus from Beijing, the original authentic Manchu pronunciation is unknown to scholars.
The Chinese Northern Mandarin dialect spoken in Peking had a major impact on the phonology of the dialect of Manchu spoken in that city, and because Manchu phonology was transcribed into Chinese and European sources based on the sinicized pronunciation of Manchus from Peking, the original authentic Manchu pronunciation is unknown to scholars.

Varieties of Chinese

ChineseSiniticChinese varieties
In the 1930s a standard national language was adopted, with its pronunciation based on the Beijing dialect, but with vocabulary also drawn from other Mandarin varieties.

Beijing Mandarin (division of Mandarin)

Beijing MandarinBeijing
In Chinese dialectology, Beijing Mandarin refers to a major branch of Mandarin Chinese, encompassing a number of dialects spoken in areas of Beijing, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning and Tianjin, the most important of which is the Beijing dialect, which provides the phonological basis for Standard Chinese.

Robert Morrison (missionary)

Robert MorrisonMorrisonDr Robert Morrison
The Beijing dialect has been studied by linguists including Joseph Edkins and Robert Morrison.
Owing to the tutors available to him, his transcriptions were based on Nanjing Mandarin rather than the Beijing dialect.

Prestige (sociolinguistics)

prestige dialectprestigeprestige variety
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.

Taiwan

🇹🇼FormosaRepublic of China
It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, which is the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.

Singapore

🇸🇬Republic of SingaporeSingaporean
It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, which is the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.

Iasyr Shivaza

Shivaza IasyrYasir Shiwaza
Dungan language speakers like Iasyr Shivaza and others have reported that Chinese who speak Beijing dialect can understand Dungan, but Dungans could not understand the Beijing Mandarin.

Phonology

phonologicalphonologicallyphonologist
In fundamental structure, the phonology of the Beijing dialect and Standard Chinese are almost identical.

Noun

nounssubstantiveabstract noun
All rhotic vowels are the result of the use of the -儿, a noun suffix, except for a few words pronounced that do not have this suffix.

Affix

suffixaffixessuffixes
Many of such slang words employ the rhotic suffix "-r", which is known as erhua. All rhotic vowels are the result of the use of the -儿, a noun suffix, except for a few words pronounced that do not have this suffix.

R-colored vowel

rhotacizedrhotic vowelr-coloured vowel
Most prominent is the proliferation of rhotic vowels.

Lenition

lenitedspirantizationsoft mutation
For example, in fast speech, initial consonants go through lenition if they are in an unstressed syllable: pinyin become, so 不知道 "don't know" can sound like ; become, so 赶紧去 "go quickly" can sound like ; pinyin go through voicing to become ; similar changes also occur on other consonants.

Stress (linguistics)

stressstressedunstressed
For example, in fast speech, initial consonants go through lenition if they are in an unstressed syllable: pinyin become, so 不知道 "don't know" can sound like ; become, so 赶紧去 "go quickly" can sound like ; pinyin go through voicing to become ; similar changes also occur on other consonants.

Syllable

codaonsetsyllable coda
For example, in fast speech, initial consonants go through lenition if they are in an unstressed syllable: pinyin become, so 不知道 "don't know" can sound like ; become, so 赶紧去 "go quickly" can sound like ; pinyin go through voicing to become ; similar changes also occur on other consonants.

Pinyin

pHanyu PinyinPīnyīn
For example, in fast speech, initial consonants go through lenition if they are in an unstressed syllable: pinyin become, so 不知道 "don't know" can sound like ; become, so 赶紧去 "go quickly" can sound like ; pinyin go through voicing to become ; similar changes also occur on other consonants.

Phonation

voicingvoice qualityvoice
For example, in fast speech, initial consonants go through lenition if they are in an unstressed syllable: pinyin become, so 不知道 "don't know" can sound like ; become, so 赶紧去 "go quickly" can sound like ; pinyin go through voicing to become ; similar changes also occur on other consonants.

Tone (linguistics)

tonetonal languagetones
The tones of Beijing dialect tend to be more exaggerated than Standard Chinese.