Beijing dialect

Beijing MandarinBeijingBeijing Mandarin dialectBeijing accentBeijing formBeijing slangBeijing speechBeijing vernacularBeijing-accentedChinese
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.wikipedia
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Mandarin Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin dialects
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China. The establishment of phonology of Standard Chinese dates from a 1913 decision by the Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation, which took the Beijing dialect as its base but retained a lot of phonology from other varieties of Mandarin, resulting in the Old National Pronunciation. Dungan language is a Mandarin derived Sinitic language spoken throughout Central Asia, particularly in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
The group includes the Beijing dialect, the basis of Standard Chinese or Standard Mandarin.

Beijing

Beijing, ChinaPekingPeking, China
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.
Beijing is an important world capital and global power city, and one of the world's leading centers for culture, diplomacy and politics, business and economy, education, language, and science and technology.

Manchu language

ManchuManchurianNative Name
Lexically, the dialect has absorbed influences from the Mongolian language and Manchu language, legacies of Beijing's "tumultuous history" including the Mongol invasion and Manchu invasion.
In 1912 the Qing was overthrown, most Manchus could not speak their language, and the Beijing dialect replaced Manchu.

Nanjing dialect

Nanjing MandarinNanjingNanking Dialect
Until at least the late eighteenth century, the standard language of the Chinese elite had been the Nanjing dialect, despite political power having already been located in Beijing.
It maintains the glottal stop final and the entering tone, which Northern Mandarin or Southwestern Mandarin likely also had until recently.

Old National Pronunciation

an artificial pronunciationhybrid pronunciation
The establishment of phonology of Standard Chinese dates from a 1913 decision by the Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation, which took the Beijing dialect as its base but retained a lot of phonology from other varieties of Mandarin, resulting in the Old National Pronunciation.
Although it was mainly based on the phonology of the Beijing dialect, it was also influenced by historical forms of northern Mandarin as well as other varieties of Mandarin and even some varieties of Wu Chinese.

Dungan language

DungandngCyrillic Dungan
Dungan language is a Mandarin derived Sinitic language spoken throughout Central Asia, particularly in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
On the other hand, Dungan speakers like Yasyr Shivaza and others have reported that Chinese who speak the Beijing Mandarin dialect can understand Dungan, but Dungans could not understand the Beijing Mandarin.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China. It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.
Standard Mandarin, a variety of Mandarin based on the Beijing dialect, is the official national language of China and is used as a lingua franca in the country between people of different linguistic backgrounds.

Erhua

-儿 suffixerizational vowelsRhotacization
Many of such slang words employ the rhotic suffix "-r", which is known as erhua.
It is most common in the speech varieties of North China, especially in the Beijing dialect, as a diminutive suffix for nouns, though some dialects also use it for other grammatical purposes.

List of varieties of Chinese

List of Chinese dialectsChinese dialectsChinese languages

Standard Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin Chinese
The establishment of phonology of Standard Chinese dates from a 1913 decision by the Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation, which took the Beijing dialect as its base but retained a lot of phonology from other varieties of Mandarin, resulting in the Old National Pronunciation. It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.
Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect, its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese.

Chinese in New York City

Chinese Americans in New York CityNew York CityChinatown
Mandarin Chinese (including Northeastern Mandarin), Fuzhou dialect, Min Nan Fujianese, Wu Chinese, Beijing dialect, Wenzhounese, Shanghainese, Suzhou dialect, Hangzhou dialect, Changzhou dialect, Cantonese, Hokkien, and English are all prevalently spoken in Flushing Chinatown, while the Mongolian language is now emerging.

Varieties of Chinese

ChineseSiniticChinese varieties
Dungan language is a Mandarin derived Sinitic language spoken throughout Central Asia, particularly in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
In the 1930s a standard national language was adopted, with its pronunciation based on the Beijing dialect, but with vocabulary also drawn from other Mandarin varieties.

Beijing Mandarin (division of Mandarin)

Beijing MandarinBeijing
In Chinese dialectology, Beijing Mandarin refers to a major branch of Mandarin Chinese recognized by the Language Atlas of China, encompassing a number of dialects spoken in areas of Beijing, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning and Tianjin, the most important of which is the Beijing dialect, which provides the phonological basis for Standard Chinese.

Urban area

Urbanurban agglomerationagglomeration
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.

Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.

Singapore

Republic of SingaporeSingapore CitySingaporean
It is the phonological basis of Standard Chinese, the official language in the People's Republic of China and Republic of China and one of the official languages in Singapore.

Mongolian language

MongolianMongolKhalkha-Mongolian
Lexically, the dialect has absorbed influences from the Mongolian language and Manchu language, legacies of Beijing's "tumultuous history" including the Mongol invasion and Manchu invasion.

Mongol conquest of China

Mongol invasion of ChinaMongol invasionMongolian China
Lexically, the dialect has absorbed influences from the Mongolian language and Manchu language, legacies of Beijing's "tumultuous history" including the Mongol invasion and Manchu invasion.

Transition from Ming to Qing

Qing conquest of the MingManchu conquest of Chinafall of the Ming dynasty
Lexically, the dialect has absorbed influences from the Mongolian language and Manchu language, legacies of Beijing's "tumultuous history" including the Mongol invasion and Manchu invasion.

Yuan dynasty

YuanYuan ChinaYuan Empire
Between the Yuan and Qing, the Ming dynasty also introduced southern dialectal influences into the dialect.

Qing dynasty

QingQing EmpireChina
Between the Yuan and Qing, the Ming dynasty also introduced southern dialectal influences into the dialect.

Ming dynasty

MingMing ChinaMing Empire
Between the Yuan and Qing, the Ming dynasty also introduced southern dialectal influences into the dialect.

Prestige (sociolinguistics)

prestige dialectprestigeprestige variety
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.

Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation

The establishment of phonology of Standard Chinese dates from a 1913 decision by the Commission on the Unification of Pronunciation, which took the Beijing dialect as its base but retained a lot of phonology from other varieties of Mandarin, resulting in the Old National Pronunciation.

Beijing Language and Culture University

Beijing Language InstituteBeijing Language & Culture UniversityBeijing Languages Institute
According to Zhang Shifang, professor at Beijing Language and Culture University, “As China’s ancient and modern capital, Beijing and thus its linguistic culture as well are representative of our entire nation’s civilization...