Bell Systemwikipedia
Bell Telephone (disambiguation)
Bell SystemBellBell Operating CompaniesBell Telephone CompanyBell TelephoneMa Bellmember-companiesAT&TBell System companiesOhio Bell name continued to be used

Breakup of the Bell System

breakup of the Bell Systembreakup of AT&Tdivestiture
On December 31, 1983, the system was divided into independent companies by a U.S. Justice Department mandate.
The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.

Jane Barbe

Ma Bell is also used to refer to the various female voices in recordings for the Bell System: Mary Moore, Jane Barbe, and Pat Fleet, the current voice of AT&T.
She was known as the "Time Lady" for the recordings she made for the Bell System and other phone companies.

Telephone exchange

telephone exchangeexchangescentral office
Within a few years local exchange companies were established in every major city in the United States.
In the United States and Canada, the Bell System established in the 1940s a uniform system of identifying central offices with a three-digit central office code, that was used as a prefix to subscriber telephone numbers.

Western Electric

Western ElectricWestern Electric CompanyWestrex
Bell system telephones and related equipment were made by Western Electric, a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T Co. Member telephone companies paid a fixed fraction of their revenues as a license fee to Bell Labs. The Bell System's Canadian operations included the Bell Canada regional operating company and the Northern Electric manufacturing subsidiary of the Bell System's Western Electric equipment manufacturer.
It also served as the purchasing agent for the member companies of the Bell System.

Mary Moore (voice actor)

Mary Moore
Ma Bell is also used to refer to the various female voices in recordings for the Bell System: Mary Moore, Jane Barbe, and Pat Fleet, the current voice of AT&T.
In the United States of America, Mary Moore was the first national voice of the Bell System's standardized speaking clock and also provided the voice behind many telephone company recordings on equipment manufactured by Audichron.

AT&T Corporation

AT&TAT&T CorporationAmerican Telephone & Telegraph Company
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
With this assets transfer on the second to last day of the 19th Century, AT&T became the parent of both American Bell and the Bell System.

Nortel

NortelNortel NetworksNorthern Electric
The Bell System's Canadian operations included the Bell Canada regional operating company and the Northern Electric manufacturing subsidiary of the Bell System's Western Electric equipment manufacturer.
Canada's first telephone factory, created by James Cowherd of Brantford, was a three-story brick building that soon started manufacturing telephones for the Bell System, leading to the city's style as The Telephone City.

Qwest Corporation

U S WEST CommunicationsMountain States Telephone & Telegraph CompanyQwest
Examples include Verizon, which still used the Bell logo on its trucks and payphones until it updated its own logo in 2015, and Qwest, formerly US West, which licenses the Northwestern Bell and Mountain Bell names to Unical Enterprises, who makes telephones under the Northwestern Bell name.
Qwest Corporation is a Bell Operating Company owned by CenturyLink.

Verizon Communications

VerizonBell AtlanticVerizon Communications
Currently, the word mark Bell, the logo, and other related trademarks, are held by each of the remaining Bell companies, namely AT&T, Verizon, CenturyLink, and Cincinnati Bell.
In 1984, the Justice Department of the United States mandated AT&T Corporation to break up the Bell System and split into seven companies, called "Baby Bells".

Saul Bass

Saul Bass Notes on the Popular ArtsBass, Saul
The Bell System service marks, including the circled-bell logo, especially as redesigned by Saul Bass in 1969, and the words Bell System in text, were used before January 1, 1984, when the AT&T divestiture of its regional operating companies took effect.
Bass designed some of the most iconic corporate logos in North America, including the Bell System logo in 1969, as well as AT&T's globe logo in 1983 after the breakup of the Bell System.

New Haven, Connecticut

New HavenNew Haven, CTNew Haven, Conn.
In 1877, the American Bell Telephone Company, named after Alexander Graham Bell, opened the first telephone exchange in New Haven, Connecticut.

Pat Fleet

Ma Bell is also used to refer to the various female voices in recordings for the Bell System: Mary Moore, Jane Barbe, and Pat Fleet, the current voice of AT&T.
Widely recognized for the tens of thousands of recordings she has made for US telephone companies such as AT&T, Verizon, Qwest, the former Bell System companies, and others since 1981, she is still most recognized as the person who says "AT&T" in the company's sound trademark played prior to any operator assisted or credit card paid call, and on answer when calling AT&T customer service numbers.

Verizon New England

New England TelephoneNew England Telephone CompanyVerizon
Verizon New England, Inc., which was formerly New England Telephone and Telegraph Company, more commonly known as New England Telephone, is a Bell Operating Company that serves most of Massachusetts and all of Rhode Island.

Pacific Bell

Pacific Telephone & TelegraphPacific BellPacific Telephone and Telegraph Company
Pacific Bell continued operating in California under that name (or the shortened "PacBell" nickname) until SBC purchased it.
The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company managed the Bell System's telephone operations in California.

Verizon New Jersey

New Jersey Bell Telephone CompanyNew Jersey Bell
Verizon New Jersey, Inc., formerly New Jersey Bell Telephone Company, is the Bell Operating Company serving the U.S. state of New Jersey.

Illinois Bell

Illinois Bell Telephone CompanyIllinois BellIllinois Bell Telephone
Illinois Bell Telephone Company is the name of the Bell Operating Company serving Illinois.

Indiana Bell

AT&T Indiana
Indiana Bell Telephone Company, Incorporated, is the Bell Operating Company serving Indiana.

Southern Bell

Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph CompanySouthern Bell Telephone CompanySouthern Bell Telephone Co.
Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company was once the Bell Operating Company serving the states of Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina prior to the breakup of AT&T.

Bell Telephone Company

Bell TelephoneAmerican BellBell
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
On January 1, 1900, AT&T, a publicly traded corporation, owned the major assets of American Bell and thus became the head of the Bell System.

Verizon Pennsylvania

Bell Telephone Company of PennsylvaniaThe Bell Telephone Company of PennsylvaniaVerizon Pennsylvania
Verizon Pennsylvania LLC, formerly traded as Bell of Pennsylvania, is the Bell Operating Company serving most of Pennsylvania.

BellSouth

BellSouthBellSouth CorporationBell South
Of the various resulting 1984 spinoffs, only BellSouth actively used and promoted the Bell name and logo during its entire history, from the 1984 break-up to its merger with the new AT&T in 2006.
With the merger completed, wireless services previously offered by Cingular Wireless were then offered under the AT&T name, and BellSouth Telecommunications (a subsidiary of Bell Operating Company) began doing business as AT&T Southeast.

Frontier West Virginia

Verizon West VirginiaThe Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West VirginiaFrontier
Frontier West Virginia, Inc. is one of the original Bell Operating Companies and provides local telephone service in the U.S. state of West Virginia.

C&P Telephone

Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone CompanyVerizon VirginiaVerizon Maryland
The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company, usually known as C&P Telephone, was a d/b/a name for four Bell Operating Companies providing service to Washington, D.C., Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia.

Wisconsin Bell

Wisconsin Telephone CompanyWisconsin Bell Inc.AT&T Wisconsin
Wisconsin Bell, Inc. (known as Wisconsin Telephone Co. before 1984) is the name of the Bell Operating Company serving Wisconsin.

Verizon Delaware

Verizon Delaware
Verizon Delaware LLC, formerly The Diamond State Telephone Company, is the Bell Operating Company of Delaware, and small parts of southeastern Pennsylvania.