Bell System

BellBell Operating CompaniesBell TelephoneBell Telephone CompanyBell telephone companiesMa BellA.T. & T.AT&TBell Operating Companies (BOCs)Bell System companies
"Bell Telephone" redirects here.wikipedia
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Breakup of the Bell System

breakup of AT&Tdivestiturebreakup
On December 31, 1983, the system was divided into independent companies by a U.S. Justice Department mandate.
The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.

Jane Barbe

Ma Bell is also used to refer to the various female voices in recordings for the Bell System: Mary Moore, Jane Barbe, and Pat Fleet, the current voice of AT&T.
She was known as the "Time Lady" for the recordings she made for the Bell System and other phone companies.

Telephone exchange

exchangescentral officeexchange
Within a few years local exchange companies were established in every major city in the United States.
In the United States and Canada, the Bell System established in the 1940s a uniform system of identifying central offices with a three-digit central office code, that was used as a prefix to subscriber telephone numbers.

Western Electric

Western Electric CompanyWestrexWestern Electric Manufacturing Company
Western Electric Company, Bell's equipment manufacturing arm The Bell System's Canadian operations included the Bell Canada regional operating company and the Northern Electric manufacturing subsidiary of the Bell System's Western Electric equipment manufacturer.
It also served as the purchasing agent for the member companies of the Bell System.

Mary Moore (voice actor)

Mary Moore
Ma Bell is also used to refer to the various female voices in recordings for the Bell System: Mary Moore, Jane Barbe, and Pat Fleet, the current voice of AT&T.
In the United States of America, Mary Moore was the first national voice of the Bell System's standardized speaking clock and also provided the voice behind many telephone company recordings on equipment manufactured by Audichron.

Saul Bass

Bass, SaulNotes on the Popular Arts
The Bell System service marks, including the circled-bell logo, especially as redesigned by Saul Bass in 1969, and the words Bell System in text, were used before January 1, 1984, when the AT&T divestiture of its regional operating companies took effect.
Bass designed some of the most iconic corporate logos in North America, including the Bell System logo in 1969, as well as AT&T's globe logo in 1983 after the breakup of the Bell System.

Nortel

Nortel NetworksNorthern ElectricNorthern Telecom
The Bell System's Canadian operations included the Bell Canada regional operating company and the Northern Electric manufacturing subsidiary of the Bell System's Western Electric equipment manufacturer.
Until an antitrust settlement in 1949, Northern Electric was owned principally by Bell Canada and the Western Electric Company of the Bell System, producing large volumes of telecommunication equipment based on licensed Western Electric designs.

New Haven, Connecticut

New HavenNew Haven, CTNew Haven, Conn.
In 1877, the American Bell Telephone Company, named after Alexander Graham Bell, opened the first telephone exchange in New Haven, Connecticut.
1877: New Haven hosts the first Bell PSTN (telephone) switch office.

Verizon New England

New England TelephoneNew England Telephone Companycompany of the same name
New England Telephone and Telegraph Company
Verizon New England, Inc., which was formerly New England Telephone and Telegraph Company, more commonly known as New England Telephone, is a Bell Operating Company that serves most of Massachusetts and all of Rhode Island.

Illinois Bell

Illinois Bell Telephone CompanyAT&T IllinoisIllinois Bell Telephone
Illinois Bell Telephone Company
Illinois Bell Telephone Company is the Bell Operating Company serving Illinois.

Pacific Bell

Pacific Telephone & TelegraphPacific Telephone and Telegraph CompanyAT&T
Pacific Bell continued operating in California under that name (or the shortened "PacBell" nickname) until SBC purchased it.
The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company managed the Bell System's telephone operations in California.

Pat Fleet

Ma Bell is also used to refer to the various female voices in recordings for the Bell System: Mary Moore, Jane Barbe, and Pat Fleet, the current voice of AT&T.
Widely recognized for the tens of thousands of recordings she has made for US telephone companies such as AT&T, Verizon, Qwest, the former Bell System companies, and others since 1981, she is still most recognized as the person who says "AT&T" in the company's sound trademark played prior to any operator assisted or credit card paid call, and on answer when calling AT&T customer service numbers.

Indiana Bell

AT&T Indiana
Indiana Bell Telephone Company, Incorporated
Indiana Bell Telephone Company, Incorporated, is the Bell Operating Company serving Indiana.

Southern Bell

Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph CompanySouthern Bell Telephone CompanySBC
Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company
Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company was once the Bell Operating Company serving the states of Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina prior to the breakup of AT&T.

Monopoly

monopoliesmonopolisticmonopolist
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
The Bell System, later AT&T, was protected from competition first by the Kingsbury Commitment, and later by a series of agreements between AT&T and the Federal Government.

Bell Telephone Company

Bell TelephoneAmerican BellAmerican Bell Telephone Company
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
On January 1, 1900, AT&T, a publicly traded corporation, owned the major assets of American Bell and thus became the head of the Bell System.

Frontier West Virginia

Verizon West VirginiaThe Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West VirginiaChesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia
The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of West Virginia
Frontier West Virginia, Inc. is one of the original Bell Operating Companies and provides local telephone service in the U.S. state of West Virginia.

Ohio Bell

Ohio Bell TelephoneAT&T OhioOhio Bell Telephone Company
The Ohio Bell Telephone Company
The Ohio Bell Telephone Company, now doing business as AT&T Ohio, is the Bell Operating Company serving most of Ohio and parts of West Virginia.

Pacific Northwest Bell

Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Company
Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Company
Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Company was an AT&T majority-owned Bell System company that provided local telecommunications services in Oregon, Washington, and northern Idaho.

Cincinnati Bell

BellCincinnati Bell FiOpticsCincinnati Bell Telephone Company
Currently, the word mark Bell, the logo, and other related trademarks, are held by each of the remaining Bell companies, namely AT&T, Verizon, CenturyLink, and Cincinnati Bell.
Cincinnati Bell and Southern New England Telephone (SNET) were the only two companies in the old Bell System that operated independently because AT&T Corporation only owned minority stakes in the companies.

Wisconsin Bell

AT&T WisconsinWisconsin Bell Inc.Wisconsin Telephone
Wisconsin Telephone Company
Wisconsin Bell, Inc. (known as Wisconsin Telephone Co. before 1984) is the name of the Bell Operating Company serving Wisconsin.

Northwestern Bell

Northwestern Bell Telephone Company
Examples include Verizon, which still used the Bell logo on its trucks and payphones until it updated its own logo in 2015, and Qwest, formerly US West, which licenses the Northwestern Bell and Mountain Bell names to Unical Enterprises, who makes telephones under the Northwestern Bell name.
A Bell-licensed exchange is believed to have opened in Deadwood, South Dakota between March and August 1878, just two years after Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, and several months before President Rutherford B. Hayes could use his phone in a little wooden booth outside of his office in the White House.

Bell Canada

BellBCEBell Telephone Company of Canada
The Bell System's Canadian operations included the Bell Canada regional operating company and the Northern Electric manufacturing subsidiary of the Bell System's Western Electric equipment manufacturer.
Bell Canada operated as the Canadian subsidiary of the Bell System from 1880 to 1975.

Qwest Corporation

Mountain States Telephone & Telegraph CompanyU S WEST CommunicationsQwest
Examples include Verizon, which still used the Bell logo on its trucks and payphones until it updated its own logo in 2015, and Qwest, formerly US West, which licenses the Northwestern Bell and Mountain Bell names to Unical Enterprises, who makes telephones under the Northwestern Bell name.
Qwest Corporation is a Bell Operating Company owned by CenturyLink.

South Central Bell

South Central Bell Telephone Company
South Central Bell Telephone Company, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, was the name of the Bell System's operations in Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee.