Bell Telephone Company

Bell TelephoneAmerican BellAmerican Bell Telephone CompanyBellNational Bell Telephone CompanyBell CompanyBell Telephone Co.America Bell Telephone CompanyAmerican Bell Telephone Co.Bell Communication
The Bell Telephone Company, a common law joint stock company, was organized in Boston, Massachusetts on July 9, 1877, by Alexander Graham Bell's father-in-law Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who also helped organize a sister company — the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company.wikipedia
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International Bell Telephone Company

Bell Telephone Manufacturing CompanyBell Telephone mfg. companyBTM
The two companies merged on February 17, 1879, to form two new entities, the National Bell Telephone Company of Boston, and the International Bell Telephone Company, soon after established by Hubbard and which became headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.
The International Bell Telephone Company (IBTC) of Brussels, Belgium, was created in 1879 by the Bell Telephone Company of Boston, Massachusetts, a precursor entity to AT&T, initially to sell imported telephones and switchboards in Continental Europe.

Gardiner Greene Hubbard

Gardiner Green HubbardGardiner HubbardGardiner G. Hubbard
The Bell Telephone Company, a common law joint stock company, was organized in Boston, Massachusetts on July 9, 1877, by Alexander Graham Bell's father-in-law Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who also helped organize a sister company — the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company.
He was a founder and first president of the National Geographic Society; a founder and the first president of the Bell Telephone Company which later evolved into AT&T, at times the world's largest telephone company; a founder of the journal Science, and an advocate of oral speech education for the deaf.

Mabel Gardiner Hubbard

Mabel BellMabel HubbardMabel
Two days after the company's formation, on July 11, 1877, Bell married Hubbard's daughter Mabel Gardiner Hubbard, and made a wedding gift of 1,487 shares of his allotment to his new wife, keeping only 10 shares for himself.
Mabel Gardiner Hubbard (November 25, 1857 – January 3, 1923), was the daughter of Boston lawyer Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who was the first president of the Bell Telephone Company.

Bell System

BellBell Operating CompaniesBell Telephone
On January 1, 1900, AT&T, a publicly traded corporation, owned the major assets of American Bell and thus became the head of the Bell System.
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.

Alexander Graham Bell

BellGraham BellBell, Alexander Graham
The Bell Telephone Company, a common law joint stock company, was organized in Boston, Massachusetts on July 9, 1877, by Alexander Graham Bell's father-in-law Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who also helped organize a sister company — the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company.
A short time later, his demonstration of an early telephone prototype at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia brought the telephone to international attention.

History of AT&T

SBCSBC CommunicationsAmerican Telephone and Telegraph Company
In 2005, AT&T would later be acquired by one of its former local phone companies SBC Communications which became the New AT&T.
The Bell Telephone Company was established in 1879 by Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone.

AT&T Corporation

AT&TAmerican Telephone & Telegraph CompanyAmerican Telephone and Telegraph Company
The American Bell Telephone Company evolved into the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T), at times the world's largest telephone company.
Originally a verbal agreement, it was formalized in writing in 1875 as Bell Telephone Company.

AT&T

AT&T Inc.AT&T Latin AmericaSBC
In 2005, AT&T would later be acquired by one of its former local phone companies SBC Communications which became the New AT&T.
AT&T began its history as Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, a subsidiary of the Bell Telephone Company, founded by Alexander Graham Bell in 1880.

Bell Canada

BellBCEBell Telephone Company of Canada
The Bell System's Bell Telephone Company of Canada subsidiary, wholly owned by the National Bell, had been established two years earlier.
The company is named after the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, who also co-founded Bell Telephone Company in Boston, Massachusetts.

Telephone company

telecommunications companytelephone companiestelco
The American Bell Telephone Company evolved into the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T), at times the world's largest telephone company.
In 1913, a telephone trust ended and more than 20,000 independent telephone companies were able to use the trunk lines of Bell Telephone Company.

Western Electric

Western Electric CompanyWestrexWestern Electric Manufacturing Company
BTMC was created as a joint venture by the International Bell Telephone Company of New York and the Western Electric Company of Chicago, Illinois.
The ensuing legal battle between Western Union and the Bell Telephone Company over patent rights ended in 1879 with Western Union withdrawing from the telephone market and Bell acquiring Western Electric in 1881.

New England Telephone and Telegraph Company

New England TelephoneNew England Telephone CompanyNew England Telephone and Telegraph
The Bell Telephone Company, a common law joint stock company, was organized in Boston, Massachusetts on July 9, 1877, by Alexander Graham Bell's father-in-law Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who also helped organize a sister company — the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company.
New England Telephone and Telegraph merged with the Bell Telephone Company (which was started on the basis of holding "potentially valuable patents"), on February 17, 1879, to form the National Bell Telephone Company, at which time Theodore Vail took over its operations.

Gordon McKay

He based his decision on the previous legal work he performed for the Gordon McKay Shoe Machinery Company, where its shoe sewing machines were leased, not sold, and royalties also had to be paid to the Gordon McKay Company based on the numbers of shoes produced.
In its licensing and royalty arrangements, McKay's company received the legal assistance of Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who later became the first president of the Bell Telephone Company, which evolved to become the AT&T Corporation.

The Telephone Cases

foundational Bell telephone patentsnumerous legal challengespost-patent
Telephone Cases, the numerous court cases contesting the validity of the Bell patents
Those telephone patents were relied on by the American Bell Telephone Company and the Bell System—although they had also acquired critical microphone patents from Emile Berliner.

Thomas A. Watson

Thomas WatsonDr. WatsonWatson, Thomas Augustus
It was established verbally in 1874 to be the holders of the patents produced by Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant Thomas Watson.
Watson resigned from the Bell Telephone Company in 1881 at the age of 27. Using money from his royalties from his participation in the invention of the telephone, Watson first tried his hand at farming.

Bell Homestead National Historic Site

Bell HomesteadCharles James BellThomas Philip Henderson
In 1996, it was declared a historic landmark, and is now known as the Bell Homestead National Historic Site.
In September 1953 ceremonies were held at the Bell Homestead in the 75th anniversary year of the Bell Telephone Company, formally incorporated in Massachusetts on 30 July 1878.

Verizon New York

New York Telephone CompanyNew York Telephoneattacks of September 11, 2001
The New York Telephone Company (NYTel) was organized in 1896, taking over the New York City operations of the American Bell Telephone Company.

Alexander Graham Bell honors and tributes

Alexander Graham Bell National Historic SiteAlexander GrGraham Bell School
The United States Patent and Trademark Office awarded Bell the master telephone patent, No. 174,465, dated March 7, 1876. It becomes the foundational asset of the Bell Telephone Company, which later evolved into AT&T, at times the world's largest telephone company. The patent is considered by many to be the most valuable ever issued in history (1876);

CLLI code

CLLIMALTON22
Originally, they were used by Bell Telephone companies, but since all other telecommunications carriers needed to interconnect with the dominant Bell companies, CLLI code adoption eventually became universal.

Ericsson

LM EricssonEricsson ABEricsson Research
Also in 1878, local telephone importer Numa Peterson hired Ericsson to adjust some telephones from the Bell Telephone Company.

Robert W. Paul

Robert PaulR. W. PaulR.W. Paul
Paul was born in Liverpool Road, in present-day Inner London, and began his technical career learning instrument-making skills at the Elliott Brothers, a firm of London instrument makers founded in 1804, followed by the Bell Telephone Company in Antwerp.

Verizon Pennsylvania

Bell Telephone Company of PennsylvaniaThe Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania
The company was founded in 1879 as Bell Telephone Company of Philadelphia, owned by National Bell Telephone Company, which later became American Bell.

Bell Labs

Bell Telephone LaboratoriesBell LaboratoriesAT&T Bell Laboratories
In 1884, the American Bell Telephone Company created the Mechanical Department from the Electrical and Patent Department formed a year earlier.

Wilhelm Cauer

CauerCauer, Wilhelm
His work for a German subsidiary of the Bell Telephone Company brought him into contact with leading American engineers in the field of filters.

Telephone exchange

exchangescentral officeexchange
The first experimental telephone exchange was based on the ideas of Puskás, and it was built by the Bell Telephone Company in Boston in 1877.