Belongingness

belongingneed to belongneed for belongingin a social communityneed-to-belongsense of belonging
Belongingness is the human emotional need to be an accepted member of a group.wikipedia
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Self-actualization

self-actualisationself actualizationself-actualize
He thought that it was one of 5 human needs in his hierarchy of needs, along with physiological needs, safety, self-esteem, and self-actualization.
The next level is "the belongingness and love needs", where people will strive for social acceptance, affiliations, a sense of belongingness and being welcome, sexual intimacy, and perhaps a family.

Roy Baumeister

Roy F. BaumeisterBaumeisterBaumeister, Roy F.
Roy Baumeister and Mark Leary argue that belongingness is such a fundamental human motivation that we feel severe consequences of not belonging.
Baumeister wrote a paper on the need-to-belong theory with Mark Leary in 1995.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

hierarchy of needsbasic needsself-actualization
He thought that it was one of 5 human needs in his hierarchy of needs, along with physiological needs, safety, self-esteem, and self-actualization.
After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third level of human needs are seen to be interpersonal and involves feelings of belongingness.

Mark Leary

Leary
Roy Baumeister and Mark Leary argue that belongingness is such a fundamental human motivation that we feel severe consequences of not belonging.
Leary's research has spanned the topics of the self and identity (social science), self-esteem, interpersonal motivation and emotion, need to belong, and self-compassion.

Social rejection

rejectionsocial ostracismrejection sensitivity
Memories of past rejection and imagining social rejection all elicit negative emotions.
Abraham Maslow and other theorists have suggested that the need for love and belongingness is a fundamental human motivation.

School belonging

belonging
Goodenow and Grady (1993) define school belonging as “the extent to which students feel personally accepted, respected, included, and supported by others in the school social environment” (p 80).
The most commonly used definition of school belonging comes from a 1993 academic article by researchers Carol Goodenow and Kathleen Grady, who describe school belonging as "the extent to which students feel personally accepted, respected, included, and supported by others in the school social environment."

Need

needsnecessityHuman need
Belongingness is the human emotional need to be an accepted member of a group.

Human nature

humanitynaturehuman
Belonging is a strong and inevitable feeling that exists in human nature.

Motivation

intrinsic motivationmotivationalmotives
Roy Baumeister and Mark Leary argue that belongingness is such a fundamental human motivation that we feel severe consequences of not belonging.

Abraham Maslow

Abraham H. MaslowMaslowAbraham Harold Maslow
Abraham Maslow suggested that the need to belong was a major source of human motivation.

Hierarchy

hierarchicalsubordinatehierarchies
These needs are arranged on a hierarchy and must be satisfied in order.

Loneliness

lonelydesolationIsolation
Inability to meet this need results in loneliness, mental distress, and a strong desire to form new relationships.

Mental distress

psychological distressdistressmentally distressed
Inability to meet this need results in loneliness, mental distress, and a strong desire to form new relationships.

Need for power

N-Powpowerpower needs
They argue that many of the human needs that have been documented, such as the needs for power, intimacy, approval, achievement and affiliation, are all driven by the need to belong.

Intimate relationship

relationshipintimacysexual relationship
They argue that many of the human needs that have been documented, such as the needs for power, intimacy, approval, achievement and affiliation, are all driven by the need to belong.

Need for achievement

achievement motivationAchievementachievement needs
They argue that many of the human needs that have been documented, such as the needs for power, intimacy, approval, achievement and affiliation, are all driven by the need to belong.

Need for affiliation

affiliationN-AffilAffiliation needs
They argue that many of the human needs that have been documented, such as the needs for power, intimacy, approval, achievement and affiliation, are all driven by the need to belong.

Attachment theory

attachmentattachment styleattachment styles
The need to belong and form attachments is universal among humans.

Sigmund Freud

FreudFreudianFreudian theory
This counters the Freudian argument that sexuality and aggression are the major driving psychological forces.

Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality

Three Contributions to the Theory of Sexsexualitytheory of sexuality
This counters the Freudian argument that sexuality and aggression are the major driving psychological forces.

Aggression

aggressiveaggressivenessaggressive behavior
This counters the Freudian argument that sexuality and aggression are the major driving psychological forces.

Culture

culturalculturesculturally
In all cultures, attachments form universally.

Psychological stress

stressstressfulmental stress
People who form social attachments beyond that minimal amount experience less satisfaction from extra relationships, as well as more stress from terminating those extra relationships.

Affectional bond

bondbondingrelating
Just knowing that a bond exists may be emotionally comforting, yet it would not provide a feeling of full belongingness if there is a lack of interaction between the persons.

Well-being

wellbeingwell beingwelfare
Individuals need to know that other people care about their well-being and love them.