Design on the obverse side of the Saint Benedict Medal
Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. 480–543). Detail from a fresco by Fra Angelico (c. 1400–1455) in the Friary of San Marco Florence.
Benedict of Aniane (747–821).
The two sides of a Saint Benedict Medal
Benedictine monks singing Vespers on Holy Saturday in Morristown, New Jersey, U.S.
Saint Boniface (c. 680–750), Pope Gregory I (c. 540–604, pope 590–604), Adalbert of Egmond (8th century) and priest Jeroen van Noordwijk, depicted in a 1529 painting by Jan Joostsz van Hillegom currently on display at the Frans Hals Museum
Late Gothic sculpture of Rupert of Salzburg (c. 660–710)
Bernard of Clairvaux (1090–1153) featured in a 13th-century illuminated manuscript
A Carolingian manuscript, c. 840, depicting Rabanus Maurus (left), supported by Alcuin (middle), presenting his work to Otgar of Mainz
Self portrait of Matthew Paris (c. 1200–59)
Abbot Suger (c. 1081–1135) in a medieval stained-glass window
Dom Pérignon
Cardinal Schuster.
Abbot of Montserrat
Bonifatius Becker

The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict (Ordo Sancti Benedicti, abbreviated as OSB), are a monastic religious order of the Catholic Church following the Rule of Saint Benedict.

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Cluny Abbey

Cluny Abbey in 2004
Coat of Arms of Cluny Abbey: "Gules two keys in saltire the wards upwards and outwards or overall a sword in pale argent".
A plan of the Abbey.
Cluny III, reconstruction.
Model of Cluny III
Model of Cluny III-white sections still survive
The Consecration of Cluny III by Pope Urban II, 12th century (Bibliothèque Nationale de France).
Pope Callixtus II was elected at the papal election, 1119 at Cluny.
A view of the surviving remnants of the abbey

Cluny Abbey (Abbaye de Cluny, formerly also Cluni or Clugny; Abbatia Cluniacensis) is a former Benedictine monastery in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire, France.


Monastic order of Pontifical Right for men founded by Saint Romuald.

Camaldolese Priory of Bielany in Kraków, Poland
St. Romuald
Former Camaldolese monastery in Červený Kláštor in Slovakia
Fra Mauro of the Camaldolese Monastery of St. Michael in Murano, Venice (c.1459)
Former Camaldolese hermitage in Wigry, Poland

The monastery where he entered the Order, Sant' Apollinare in Classe, was a traditional Benedictine community under the influence of the Cluniac reforms.


Anglo-Saxon missionary and saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands.

Statue of St Willibrord at Echternach
Tomb of Willibrord in the Abbey of Echternach
St Willibrord's Church at Gravelines
Willibrord Memorial at Trier
Statue of Saint Willibrord in Utrecht

Later he joined the Benedictines.

Downside Abbey

Abbey monastic basilica and library (left)
Perspective view of Downside Abbey as envisioned in 1873, from the firm of Dunn & Hansom.
The Abbey church
Consecration of the Abbey: the procession of relics towards the west door
Organ case in the gallery above the south transept

Downside Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in England and the senior community of the English Benedictine Congregation.

Religious habit

Distinctive set of religious clothing worn by members of a religious order.

St. Anthony the Great, wearing the habit of a Coptic monk.
Monks from Central Asia and China wearing traditional kāṣāya. Bezeklik, Eastern Tarim Basin, China, 9th-10th century.
An early representation of the Buddha wearing kāṣāya robes, in the Hellenistic style.
Indian depiction of the Buddha wearing red robes. Sanskrit manuscript. Nālandā, Bihar, India. Pāla period.
Japanese Buddhist Priest's mantle (kesa), 1775–1825, LACMA textile collections
A nun of the Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration in her cloister.
Sisters of the Daughters of Mary in traditional habit.
Missionaries of Charity sisters in Haiti
Carthusian monks of the Chartreuse de Portes
The Analavos, worn by Orthodox monks and nuns of the Great Schema.
St. Tikhon of Moscow wearing the patriarchal white koukoulion
The religious habit of the Carmelite Order is brown and includes the Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (also known as Brown Scapular).
The religious habit of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd (and also of the Sisters from the Order of Our Lady of Charity) is white, with a white scapular, a black veil and a large silver heart on the breast.
The religious habit of the Sisters of Mary Reparatrix is white, with a blue scapular, a white and blue veil and a large golden heart on the breast.
The religious habit of the Franciscan Order of Friars Minor and Friars Minor Capuchin is usually brown or gray; the habit of the Order of Friars Minor Conventual and Third Order Regular is black, although the Order of Friars Minor Conventual is returning to the grey habit worldwide.
The religious habit of the Benedictines is black (the style varies depending upon the monastery).
The religious habit of the Carthusians is white. A similar habit is used by the Monastic Family of Bethlehem, of the Assumption of the Virgin and of Saint Bruno.
The religious habit of the Dominicans is black and white.
Cistercians in their religious habit (with the black scapular).
The religious habit of the Clarisses (also known as Poor Clares) is brown, with a black veil
The religious habit of the Sisters of the Annunciation is white, with a red scapular and a black veil.
The religious habit of the Franciscan Friars and Sisters of the Immaculate is gray-blue. (The image shown is, however, from an un-related Community)
The religious habit (based on the Indian sari) of the Missionaries of Charity, founded by Mother Teresa of Calcutta.
The religious habit of the Trinitarian Order is white with a distinctive cross with a blue horizontal bar and a red vertical bar.
The religious habit of the Sisters of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament is white, with a red scapular and a black veil.
Oratorians wear roughly the same vestments as parish priests. The distinctive Oratorian clerical collar consists of white cloth that folds over the collar all around the neck.
Sisters belonging to the Daughters of Charity with the cornette which used to be common.
Religious habit of a Trappist monk.
Religious habit of a Premonstratensian canon.
Pauline Pius Przeździecki
The Mercedarians wear white.
The religious habit of a Minims friar. It consists of a black tunic, a scapular with a capuche and a black cincture with four knots (four vows).
Inner Rason worn by Polish Orthodox Church cleric
Monk at the Mount Athos, 1850s
Religious clothing includes habits
Traditional Roman Catholic nuns.
The religious habit of the Hieronymite enclosed monks and nuns is white and includes a brown scapular.

Scapular: This symbolic apron hangs from both front and back; it is worn over the tunic, and Benedictine nuns also wear it over the belt, whereas some other orders wear it tied under the belt.

Saint Boniface

Leading figure in the Anglo-Saxon mission to the Germanic parts of the Frankish Empire during the eighth century.

Saint Boniface by Cornelis Bloemaert, c. 1630
Prayer card, early 20th century, depicting Boniface leaving England
Saint Boniface felling Donar's Oak
Fulda Sacramentary, Saint Boniface baptizing (top) and being martyred (bottom)
Saint Boniface crypt, Fulda
Nailhole in the Ragyndrudis Codex
Saint Boniface memorial in Fritzlar, Germany
Statue of St. Boniface at the Mainz Cathedral
Saint Boniface statue in Fulda, Germany
Medal minted for the Boniface anniversary in Fulda, 1905

He received further theological training in the Benedictine monastery and minster of Nhutscelle (Nursling), not far from Winchester, which under the direction of abbot Winbert had grown into an industrious centre of learning in the tradition of Aldhelm.

Benedictine Confederation

Bust and monument of Hildebrande de Hemptinne

The Benedictine Confederation of the Order of Saint Benedict (Confœderatio Benedictina Ordinis Sancti Benedicti) is the international governing body of the Order of Saint Benedict.


Dunstan (c.

Possible self-portrait of Dunstan. Detail from the Glastonbury Classbook
Dunstan playing his harp as the Devil is paying a visit
Possibly Dunstan praying before Christ
Remains of the choir of Glastonbury Abbey church
King Eadwig's reign was marred by conflicts with his family and with Dunstan.
Theological manuscript from Glastonbury Abbey (Bodleian Library):Abbot Dunstan ordered the writing of this book.
Dunstan shoeing the Devil's hoof, as illustrated by George Cruikshank

He began by establishing Benedictine monasticism at Glastonbury.

Benedict of Aniane

Benedict of Aniane (Benedictus Anianensis; Benedikt von Aniane; c. undefined 747 – 12 February 821 AD), born Witiza and called the Second Benedict, was a Benedictine monk and monastic reformer, who left a large imprint on the religious practice of the Carolingian Empire.

Subiaco, Lazio

Town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome, in Lazio, central Italy, 40 km from Tivoli alongside the river Aniene.

The medieval St. Francis' bridge.

From this grotto, St. Benedict developed the concepts and organization of the Benedictine Order.