Bengal

Bengal regionBengal, IndiaBengaliVangaBenghalKingdom of BengalWest BengalBangadeshBangalBangla
Bengal is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.wikipedia
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West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
Politically, Bengal is currently divided between Bangladesh (which covers two-thirds of the region) and the Indian territories of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley (altogether cover the remaining one-third).
Part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
Politically, Bengal is currently divided between Bangladesh (which covers two-thirds of the region) and the Indian territories of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley (altogether cover the remaining one-third).
Bangladesh forms the largest and eastern part of the Bengal region.

Bengalis

BengaliBengali peopleIndian Bengali
The predominant ethnolinguistic group is the Bengali people, who speak the Indo-Aryan Bengali language. The East India Company increased agriculture tax rates from 10% to up to 50%, which caused multiple famines such as the Great Bengal famine of 1770 which caused the death of 10 million Bengalis and the Bengal famine of 1943 which killed millions.
Bengalis, also rendered as Bengali people, Bangalis, and Bangalees, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the Bengal region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, presently divided between Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam's Barak Valley, who speak Bengali, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.

Bengali Hindus

Bengali HinduBengaliHindu
Bengali Muslims are the majority in Bangladesh and Bengali Hindus are the majority in West Bengal and Tripura, while Barak Valley contains almost equal proportions of Bengali Hindus and Bengali Muslims.
They are Bengalis adherents of Hinduism, and are native to the Bengal region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent.

Bengali calendars

Bengali calendarBengali yearBangabda
The region has a monsoon climate, which the Bengali calendar divides into six seasons.
The Bengali Calendar or Bangla Calendar is a luni-solar calendar used in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent.

Pala Empire

PalaPala dynastyPalas
The Bengali Pala Empire was the last major Buddhist imperial power in the subcontinent, founded in 750 and becoming the dominant power in the northern Indian subcontinent by the 9th century, before being replaced by the Hindu Sena dynasty in the 12th century.
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal (modern-day Bangladesh and West Bengal).

Bengal Subah

Mughal BengalBengalMughal
Bengal Subah, described as the Paradise of the Nations, was the empire's wealthiest province, and became a major global exporter, a center of worldwide industries such as cotton textiles, silk, and shipbuilding.
The Bengal Subah (also known as Mughal Bengal) was a subdivision of the Mughal Empire encompassing much of the Bengal region, which includes modern Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal, between the 16th and 18th centuries.

Bengali Muslims

Bengali MuslimMuslimBengalis
Bengali Muslims are the majority in Bangladesh and Bengali Hindus are the majority in West Bengal and Tripura, while Barak Valley contains almost equal proportions of Bengali Hindus and Bengali Muslims.
A Bengali is a person of ethnic and linguistic heritage from the Bengal region in South Asia speaking the Indo-Aryan Bengali language.

Indian independence movement

Indian independenceIndian freedom movementindependence
Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant.
The first movement nationalistic revolutionary movement emerged from Bengal (present day West Bengal and Bangladesh), but they later took root in the newly formed Indian National Congress with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service (British India) examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil.

Bengal Presidency

BengalBengal ProvincePresidency of Bengal
It was conquered by the British East India Company after the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and became the Bengal Presidency of the British Raj.
It was primarily centred in the Bengal region.

Delhi Sultanate

Sultanate of DelhiSultan of DelhiDelhi
Following the formation of the Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century, Islam spread across the Bengal region.
The sultanate is noted for being one of the few powers to repel an attack by the Mongols (from the Chagatai Khanate), causing the decline of Buddhism in East India and Bengal, and enthroning one of the few female rulers in Islamic history, Razia Sultana, who reigned from 1236 to 1240.

Revolutionary movement for Indian independence

revolutionaryIndian revolutionariesIndian revolutionary movement
Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups were dominant.
The revolutionary groups were mainly concentrated in Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar, the United Provinces and Punjab.

Bay of Bengal

Gulf of BengalHarkandBay of Bangal
Bengal is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
The bay gets its name from the historical Bengal region (The Indian state of West Bengal and modern-day Bangladesh).

Battle of Plassey

PlasseyBattle of Palashi1757 conquest
It was conquered by the British East India Company after the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and became the Bengal Presidency of the British Raj.
The battle helped the Company seize control of Bengal.

Sena dynasty

SenaSena EmpireSenas
The Bengali Pala Empire was the last major Buddhist imperial power in the subcontinent, founded in 750 and becoming the dominant power in the northern Indian subcontinent by the 9th century, before being replaced by the Hindu Sena dynasty in the 12th century.
The Sena Empire (সেন সাম্রাজ্য, Shen Shamrajjo) was a Hindu dynasty during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, that ruled from Bengal through the 11th and 12th centuries.

Bihar

Bihar stateBihar, IndiaState of Bihar
Outside Bengal proper, the Indian territories of Jharkhand, Bihar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are also home to significant communities of Bengalis.
Later the Nanda Dynasty ruled a vast tract stretching from Bengal to Punjab.

Sundarbans

SunderbansSundarbanSunderban
In the littoral southwest are the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest and home of the Bengal tiger.
Systematic management of this forest tract started in the 1860s after the establishment of a Forest Department in the Province of Bengal, in British India.

Bengal Sultanate

Sultanate of BengalSultan of BengalBengal
During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was a major trading nation in the world and was often referred to by Europeans as the richest country to trade with.
The Sultanate of Bengal, (also known as the Bengal Sultanate; Bengali Sultanate, Bangalah ( Bangālah, বাঙ্গালা/বঙ্গালা) and Shahi Bangalah ( Shāhī Bangālah, শাহী বাঙ্গলা)), was an empire and the sovereign power of Bengal for much of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.

Gangaridai

Gangaridai EmpireGangaridai KingdomGônggarriddhi
Bengal was known to the Greeks as Gangaridai, notable for mighty military power.
A number of modern scholars locate Gangaridai in the Ganges Delta of the Bengal region, although alternative theories also exist.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Politically, Bengal is currently divided between Bangladesh (which covers two-thirds of the region) and the Indian territories of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley (altogether cover the remaining one-third).
When his successor attempted to expand eastwards, he was defeated by the Pala king of Bengal.

Assam

Assam, IndiaAssam StateAssamese
Politically, Bengal is currently divided between Bangladesh (which covers two-thirds of the region) and the Indian territories of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley (altogether cover the remaining one-third).
A reign of terror was unleashed by the Burmese on the Assamese people, who fled to neighbouring kingdoms and British-ruled Bengal.

Great Bengal famine of 1770

Bengal famine of 1770famine of 1770Bengal Famine
The East India Company increased agriculture tax rates from 10% to up to 50%, which caused multiple famines such as the Great Bengal famine of 1770 which caused the death of 10 million Bengalis and the Bengal famine of 1943 which killed millions.
The Great Bengal Famine of 1770 (৭৬-এর মন্বন্তর, Chhiattōrer monnōntór; lit The Famine of '76) was a famine between 1769 and 1773 (1176 to 1180 in the Bengali calendar) that affected the lower Gangetic plain of India from Bihar to the Bengal region.

Sylhet region

SylhetGreater SylhetSrihatta
The Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet regions are home to most of the mountains in Bangladesh.
Nihar Ranjan Roy, author of Bangalir Itihash, says that "South Assam / Northeastern Bengal or Barak Valley is the extension of the Greater Surma/Meghna Valley of Bengal in every aspect from culture to geography".

Bhutan

Kingdom of BhutanBhutaneseBootan
Geographically, it is made up by the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta system, the largest such formation in the world; along with mountains in its north bordering the Himalayan states of Nepal and Bhutan and east bordering Burma.
The skirmishes eventually led to the Duar War (1864–65), a confrontation for control of the Bengal Duars.

Bengal tiger

tigerroyal Bengal tigertigers
In the littoral southwest are the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest and home of the Bengal tiger.
Bengal is the traditional type locality of the species and the nominate subspecies Panthera tigris tigris.