A report on Bengal and Bengalis

The ancient political divisions of the Ganges delta.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra delta
Parts of the Charyapada, a collection of ancient Buddhist hymns which mention the Bengalis, in display at the Rajshahi College Library.
On a clear day, the snowy peaks of the Himalayas in Nepal and Sikkim can be seen from northern Bangladesh and Darjeeling district of West Bengal
Depiction of Gangaridai on a map by 11th-century polymath Ptolemy.
Atiśa is recognised as one of the greatest figures of classical Buddhism, having inspired Buddhist thought from Tibet to Sumatra.
Ghazi Pir is thought to have lived in the Sundarbans some time between the 12th to 13th century.
A 2015 census of Sundarbans Bengal tigers found 106 in Bangladesh and 76 in West Bengal.
15th-century Portuguese painting of "Bengalis".
Hindu sculpture, 11th century
The Bengali artillery at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
Inscriptions on the Adina Mosque proclaim the builder Sikandar Shah as "the wisest, the most just, the most perfect and most liberal of the Sultans of Arabia, Persia and India."
A painting by Shaikh Muhammad Amir of Karraya displaying a syce of Bengal holding two carriage horses.
A woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin, 18th century.
A Bengali woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin, 18th century.
The Battle of Plassey in 1757 ushered British rule
W.C. Bonnerjee, co-founder and first president of Indian National Congress.
The former royal palace of Hill Tippera in Agartala
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, the co-founder and inaugural president of the Awami League.
Shaheed Minar in Dhaka commemorates the 1952 Language Movement
Dean Mahomed is credited for introducing shampoo to the Europeans.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman led Bengali's decade long independence struggle including the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971
Large numbers of Bengalis have settled and established themselves in Banglatown.
Bangabhaban (the House of Bengal) is the official residence of the president of Bangladesh
I'tisam-ud-Din was the first educated Bengali and South Asian to have travelled to Europe.
Writers' Building, the official seat of the Government of West Bengal
Regional dialects form one of the determiners to the social stratification of Bengalis.
Biman Bangladesh Airlines is the largest airline based in the Bengal region
Bengali schoolboys in the port city of Chittagong.
The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, India
Eid prayers in Dhaka.
New Mooring Terminal, Port of Chittagong
Durga Puja in Kolkata.
Aerial view of Haldia port, Haldia Port
Harvesting preparation in Bangladesh.
The strategically important city of Chittagong is home to the busiest port on the Bay of Bengal
A sculpture of the Nawab of Bengal's Royal Peacock Barge in Murshidabad.
Bengali Letters
Traditional way of weaving Jamdani.
A silver coin with Proto-Bengali script, 9th century
A Bengali man sporting a simple black sherwani.
Rabindranath Tagore, known as the Bengali Shakespeare, being hosted at the Parliament of Iran in the 1930s
Artistes from Purulia district of West Bengal performs Chhau dance
Bangladeshi paintings on sale at an art gallery in Dhaka
Satyajit Ray, eminent film director who has made Bengali films popular all over the world
Bungalows originated from Bengali architecture
Gitanjali intro featuring its author Rabindranath Tagore
A sculpture on Fazlur Rahman Khan at the Sears Tower in the United States
The application of mehndi onto one's hand hosts a ceremony of itself during Bengali wedding seasons.
A Baul musician. The Baul ballads of Bengal are classified by UNESCO as humanity's intangible cultural heritage
A Bengali groom partaking in a supplication during his wedding.
18th century painting of a budgerow
A river in Bangladesh
Qazi Azizul Haque is recognised for his contributions to the development of modern fingerprint biometrics, a discovery of worldwide importance.
A mustard and date palm farm in West Bengal
Meghnad Saha, J C Bose, J C Ghosh, Snehamoy Dutt, S N Bose, D M Bose, N R Sen, J N Mukherjee, N C Nag
A tea garden in Bangladesh
A sculpture honoring Fazlur Khan at the Willis Tower
Kanchenjunga from Singalila National Park, West Bengal
A lathi khela event taking place in Tangail.
Gangaridai in Ptolemy's map, 1st century
A Nouka Baich competition taking place in the monsoon season.
The Pala Empire, 9th century
Mohammed Salim, the first South Asian footballer to play for a foreign club. Due to playing in bare feet, he is having them bandaged by Jimmy McMenemy in 1936.
At its greatest extent, the Bengal Sultanate's realm and protectorates stretched from Jaunpur in North India in the west to Tripura and Arakan in the east
Cricketer Shakib Al Hasan is currently crowned the world's best all-rounder in all formats for ODI cricket, and one of the greatest of all times.
The Bengal Sultanate, 16th century
Bengal & Bihar in 1776 by James Rennell
Colonial Bengal, 19th century
Colonial Eastern Bengal and Assam, early 20th century
Province of Bengal (1931)
Map of West Bengal
Map of Bangladesh
Map of Tripura
Flag of Bengal Sultanate
Flag of the Bengal Subah (15-18th Century)
Flag of Bengal Presidency, under British rule
Flag of Bangladesh during Bangladesh Liberation War and after
Flag of Bangladesh from 1972 onwards

Bengalis (singular Bengali বাঙ্গালী/বাঙালি ), also rendered as Bangalee or the Bengali people, are an Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group originating from and culturally affiliated with the Bengal region of South Asia.

- Bengalis

The predominant ethnolinguistic group is the Bengali people, who speak the Indo-Aryan language of Bengali.

- Bengal

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Varendra region in Bangladesh


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Region of North Bengal, now mostly in Bangladesh and a little portion in Indian state of West Bengal.

Region of North Bengal, now mostly in Bangladesh and a little portion in Indian state of West Bengal.

Varendra region in Bangladesh
Coin of a king of the Kaivartas in Varendra, circa 640–730 CE.

Raja Ganesha, a Hindu ruler of Bengal

Jatindramohan Bagchi, Bengali poet and editor.

A traditional Bengali lunch, consisting of bhaat (rice), aloo bhaja (fried potato), begun bhaja (fried eggplant), dal (lentils), chingri machher malaikari (prawn), mutton, chatni, papad, and mishti.

Bengali cuisine

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A traditional Bengali lunch, consisting of bhaat (rice), aloo bhaja (fried potato), begun bhaja (fried eggplant), dal (lentils), chingri machher malaikari (prawn), mutton, chatni, papad, and mishti.
Catla kalia
Mutton chaap
Khaashir Mangsho er Torkari – Traditional Bengali mutton curry
Bangladeshi biriyani
Traditional Mezban cooking in Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Kolkatar Rosogolla
The First Grain in Mouth Ceremony for babies is a traditional Kolkatan tradition
Chinese pork roll in Kolkata
Different utensils used in a Bengali household. Clockwise from left: korai, tawa, hari, tea pan and a dekchi or deg.
From left, 3 hatas, 3 khuntis and a jhanjri
A classical meat curry dish with potatoes served on a plate with flowery engravings. This style of plate is popular among all Bengalis.
Paan and supari are a typical meal concluder.
Pabda Jhaal
A traditional Bengali fish meal – rice with macher jhol (Literally translated to "Fish's gravy").
Shorshe maach
Mishti Doi
Minimalist depiction of Bengali sweets
A softer style of khichuri is consumed in Sylhet.
Srimangal is famous for the Seven Color Tea
Lotar Shutki Shira (fermented fish curry)
Chicken tikka masala was said to have been invented by a British-Bengali chef from Sylhet.
Bengali New Year Menu
Bengali Non-vegetarian meal
A fancy arrangement of Bengali food
Bengali vegetarian meal
Prosad thali
Bengali Fish Thali
Bhim Chandra Nag, one of the prestigious sweet shops in Kolkata, founded by Paran Chandra Nag in 1826 at Bowbazar.

Bengali cuisine (বাঙ্গালী রন্ধনপ্রণালী) is the culinary style of Bengal, a region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent encompassing Bangladesh and Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley.

It is this method that creates the fine, smooth modern "chhana" with high binding capacity – which is now the staple raw material for Bengali confectioners.