Bengali language

BengaliBanglaBengali-languageBengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya)Bengali:বাংলাBengali-speakinglanguagebenBengali (Bangla)
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in the Indian subcontinent.wikipedia
7,634 Related Articles

Bangladesh

🇧🇩People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshi
It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. The Bengali Language Movement was a popular ethno-linguistic movement in the former East Bengal (today Bangladesh), which was a result of the strong linguistic consciousness of the Bengalis to gain and protect spoken and written Bengali's recognition as a state language of the then Dominion of Pakistan. Bengali language is native to the region of Bengal, which comprises Indian states of West Bengal and the present-day nation of Bangladesh.
Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population.

Bengalis

BengaliBangladeshibangali
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in the Indian subcontinent. The Bengali Language Movement was a popular ethno-linguistic movement in the former East Bengal (today Bangladesh), which was a result of the strong linguistic consciousness of the Bengalis to gain and protect spoken and written Bengali's recognition as a state language of the then Dominion of Pakistan.
Bengalis, also rendered as the Bengali people, Bangalis and Bangalees, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the Bengal region in South Asia, specifically in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, presently divided between Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam's Barak Valley, who speak Bengali, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.

West Bengal

BengalWestWB
Within India, Bengali is the official language of the states of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley in the state of Assam. Bengali language is native to the region of Bengal, which comprises Indian states of West Bengal and the present-day nation of Bangladesh.
The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown.

Bengali literature

BengaliliteratureBangla
Bengali literature, with its millennium-old history and folk heritage, has extensively developed since the Bengali renaissance and is one of the most prominent and diverse literary traditions in Asia.
Bengali literature (বাংলা সাহিত্য, Bangla Sahityô) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language.

History of Bengali literature

millennium-old historyShakta padavalis
Bengali literature, with its millennium-old history and folk heritage, has extensively developed since the Bengali renaissance and is one of the most prominent and diverse literary traditions in Asia.
The first works in Bengali, written in Old Bengali, appeared between 8th and 10th centuries C.E. The collection of these words is generally known as the Charyapada.

Meghalaya

Meghalaya StateGaro HillsKhasi
It is also the most widely spoken language in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal, and is spoken by significant minorities in other states including Jharkhand, Bihar, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Odisha.
The other principal languages spoken include Khasi, Garo, Pnar, Biate Hajong, Assamese and Bengali.

National language

main languagenationalmajority language
The official and de facto national language of Bangladesh is Modern Standard Bengali (Literary Bengali).
Bengali (or Bangla) is the sole official language of Bangladesh.

Language Movement Day

Language Martyrs' Day21 February the International Mother language Day
In 1999, UNESCO recognized 21 February as International Mother Language Day in recognition of the language movement in East Bengal (now Bangladesh).
Language Movement Day or Language Revolution Day or Bengali Language Movement Day (ভাষা আন্দোলন দিবস Bhasha Andolôn Dibôs), 21 February (Ekushey February), which is also referred to as Language Martyrs' Day or Martyrs' Day (শহীদ দিবস Shôhid Dibôs), is a national holiday of Bangladesh to commemorate protests and sacrifices to protect Bengali as a national language during the Bengali Language Movement of 1952.

Culture of Bengal

BengaliBengali culturecultural
Language is an important element of Bengali identity and binds together a culturally diverse region.
The Culture of Bengal encompasses the Bengal region in the Indian subcontinent, including Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, where the Bengali language is the official and primary language.

Bengali nationalism

Bengali nationalistBengali nationalistsBangladesh
Language is an important element of Bengali identity and binds together a culturally diverse region.
It was the main driving force behind the creation of the Independent nation state of Bangladesh through the 1971 liberation war. The people of Bengali ethnicity speak Bengali Language.

List of languages by number of native speakers

numbermost spoken languages10th most spoken language in the world
With approximately 250–300million total speakers worldwide, Bengali is usually counted as the seventh most spoken native language in the world by population.

Middle Indo-Aryan languages

Middle Indo-AryanMiddle Indo-Aryan languageApabhramsa
The Middle Indo-Aryan dialects were influential in Bengal in the first millennium when the region was a part of the Magadha Realm.
They are the descendants of Old Indo-Aryan (attested in Vedic Sanskrit) and the predecessors of the modern Indo-Aryan languages, such as Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), Odia, Bengali and Punjabi.

Bengali vocabulary

vocabulary
The modern Bengali vocabulary contains the vocabulary base from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali, also tatsamas and reborrowings from Sanskrit and other major borrowings from Persian, Arabic, Austroasiatic languages and other languages in contact with.
Bengali (বাংলা Bangla) is one of the Magadhan languages, evolved from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali languages native to the Indian subcontinent.

Bengali language movement

Language Movementlanguage movement of 19521952 Bengali language movement
The Bengali Language Movement was a popular ethno-linguistic movement in the former East Bengal (today Bangladesh), which was a result of the strong linguistic consciousness of the Bengalis to gain and protect spoken and written Bengali's recognition as a state language of the then Dominion of Pakistan.
The Bengali Language Movement (ভাষা আন্দোলন Bhasha Andolôn) was a political movement in former East Bengal (currently Bangladesh) advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an official language of the then-Dominion of Pakistan in order to allow its use in government affairs, the continuation of its use as a medium of education, its use in media, currency and stamps, and to maintain its writing in the Bengali script.

Bengal Sultanate

Sultan of BengalBengalSultanate of Bengal
Bengali was an official court language of the Sultanate of Bengal.
Literature was fostered in Persian and Bengali, with strong Sufi influences.

Bengali renaissance

Bengal RenaissanceHindu renaissanceIndian Renaissance
Bengali literature, with its millennium-old history and folk heritage, has extensively developed since the Bengali renaissance and is one of the most prominent and diverse literary traditions in Asia.
Tagore's 1901 Bengali novella, Nastanirh was written as a critique of men who professed to follow the ideals of the Renaissance, but failed to do so within their own families.

Jharkhand

Jharkhand StateHussainabadJH
It is also the most widely spoken language in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal, and is spoken by significant minorities in other states including Jharkhand, Bihar, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Odisha.
Jharkhand has accorded second language status to Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Ho, Kharia, Kurukh, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali and Urdu.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengaliVanga
Bengali language is native to the region of Bengal, which comprises Indian states of West Bengal and the present-day nation of Bangladesh.
The predominant ethnolinguistic group is the Bengali people, who speak the Indo-Aryan Bengali language.

Arabic

Arabic-languageArabArabic language
The modern Bengali vocabulary contains the vocabulary base from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali, also tatsamas and reborrowings from Sanskrit and other major borrowings from Persian, Arabic, Austroasiatic languages and other languages in contact with. During the medieval period, Middle Bengali was characterized by the elision of word-final অ ô, the spread of compound verbs and Arabic and Persian influences.
Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa.

Bengali Americans

United StatesIndian American
There are also significant Bengali-speaking communities in the Middle East, the United States, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom and Italy.
Bengali Americans are Americans of Bengali ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage and identity.

Pala Empire

PalaPala dynastyPalas
Proto-Bengali was the language of the Pala Empire and the Sena dynasty.
The Proto-Bengali language developed under Pala rule.

Tatsama

tatsamborrowingsSanskrit
The modern Bengali vocabulary contains the vocabulary base from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali, also tatsamas and reborrowings from Sanskrit and other major borrowings from Persian, Arabic, Austroasiatic languages and other languages in contact with.
Tatsama (Sanskrit;, lit. 'same as that') are Sanskrit loanwords in modern Indo-Aryan languages like Bengali, Marathi, Oriya, Hindi, Gujarati, and Sinhala and in Dravidian languages like Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu, and Tamil.

Assam

Assam, IndiaAssam StateAssamese
Within India, Bengali is the official language of the states of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley in the state of Assam.
Assamese and Bodo are the major indigenous and official languages while Bengali is the official language in the three districts in the Barak Valley where Sylheti is the most spoken indigenous language.

Vande Mataram

Bande MataramNational SongNational Song of India
Additionally, the first two verses of Vande Mataram, a patriotic song written in Bengali by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, was adopted as the "national song" of India in both the colonial period and later in 1950 in independent India.
Bande Mataram (IAST: ) (English Translation: Mother, I bow to thee) is a Bengali poem written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1870s, which he included in his 1881 novel Anandamath.

Jana Gana Mana

national anthemIndian National AnthemNational Anthem of India
The national anthems of both Bangladesh (Amar Sonar Bangla) and India (Jana Gana Mana) were written in Bengali by the Bengali Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
It was originally composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore.