A report on West Bengal and Bengalis

The ancient political divisions of the Ganges delta.
Coin of the King Shashanka, who created the first separate political entity in Bengal, called the Gauda Kingdom
Parts of the Charyapada, a collection of ancient Buddhist hymns which mention the Bengalis, in display at the Rajshahi College Library.
The Pala Empire was an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal.
Depiction of Gangaridai on a map by 11th-century polymath Ptolemy.
Firoz Minar at Gauḍa was built during the Bengal Sultanate.
Atiśa is recognised as one of the greatest figures of classical Buddhism, having inspired Buddhist thought from Tibet to Sumatra.
An 1880 map of Bengal
Ghazi Pir is thought to have lived in the Sundarbans some time between the 12th to 13th century.
Subhas Chandra Bose, he was a leading freedom fighter of India
15th-century Portuguese painting of "Bengalis".
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.
The Bengali artillery at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
Many areas remain flooded during the heavy rains brought by a monsoon.
A painting by Shaikh Muhammad Amir of Karraya displaying a syce of Bengal holding two carriage horses.
Districts of West Bengal
A Bengali woman in Dhaka clad in fine Bengali muslin, 18th century.
A hut in a village in the Hooghly district
W.C. Bonnerjee, co-founder and first president of Indian National Congress.
The Grand Hotel in Kolkata. Tourism, especially from Bangladesh, is an important part of West Bengal's economy.
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, the co-founder and inaugural president of the Awami League.
Freshly sown saplings of rice in a paddy; in the background are stacks of jute sticks.
Dean Mahomed is credited for introducing shampoo to the Europeans.
Satyajit Ray, a pioneer in Bengali cinema along with Ravi Sankar.
Large numbers of Bengalis have settled and established themselves in Banglatown.
Panchchura Temple in Bishnupur, one of the older examples of the terracotta arts of India.
I'tisam-ud-Din was the first educated Bengali and South Asian to have travelled to Europe.
Jamdani Sari of Bangladesh is very popular in West Bengal.
Regional dialects form one of the determiners to the social stratification of Bengalis.
Salt Lake Stadium / Vivekananda Yuva Bharati Krirangan, Kolkata
Bengali schoolboys in the port city of Chittagong.
Netaji Indoor Stadium, Kolkata
Eid prayers in Dhaka.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is a hub for flights to and from Bangladesh, East Asia, Nepal, Bhutan and north-east India.
Durga Puja in Kolkata.
Durgapur Expressway
Harvesting preparation in Bangladesh.
An SBSTC bus in Karunamoyee
A sculpture of the Nawab of Bengal's Royal Peacock Barge in Murshidabad.
Kolkata Metro, India's first metro rail system
Traditional way of weaving Jamdani.
University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India.
A Bengali man sporting a simple black sherwani.
The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata.
Artistes from Purulia district of West Bengal performs Chhau dance
Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU.
Satyajit Ray, eminent film director who has made Bengali films popular all over the world
Gitanjali intro featuring its author Rabindranath Tagore
The application of mehndi onto one's hand hosts a ceremony of itself during Bengali wedding seasons.
A Bengali groom partaking in a supplication during his wedding.
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Qazi Azizul Haque is recognised for his contributions to the development of modern fingerprint biometrics, a discovery of worldwide importance.
Meghnad Saha, J C Bose, J C Ghosh, Snehamoy Dutt, S N Bose, D M Bose, N R Sen, J N Mukherjee, N C Nag
A sculpture honoring Fazlur Khan at the Willis Tower
A lathi khela event taking place in Tangail.
A Nouka Baich competition taking place in the monsoon season.
Mohammed Salim, the first South Asian footballer to play for a foreign club. Due to playing in bare feet, he is having them bandaged by Jimmy McMenemy in 1936.
Cricketer Shakib Al Hasan is currently crowned the world's best all-rounder in all formats for ODI cricket, and one of the greatest of all times.

The current population is divided between the independent country Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and parts of Assam, Meghalaya and Manipur.

- Bengalis

The state's main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with the Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.

- West Bengal

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Rabindranath Tagore, c. 1925

Rabindranath Tagore

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Rabindranath Tagore, c. 1925
Young Tagore in London, 1879
Tagore and his wife Mrinalini Devi, 1883
Tagore's house in Shilaidaha, Bangladesh
Tagore family boat (bajra or budgerow), the "Padma".
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Last picture of Rabindranath, 1941
Jawaharlal Nehru and Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath with Einstein in 1930
At the Majlis (Iranian parliament) in Tehran, Iran, 1932
Tagore performing the title role in Valmiki Pratibha (1881) with his niece Indira Devi as the goddess Lakshmi.
Cover of the Sabuj Patra magazine, edited by Pramatha Chaudhuri
Title page of the 1913 Macmillan edition of Tagore's Gitanjali.
Part of a poem written by Tagore in Hungary, 1926.
Tagore hosts Gandhi and wife Kasturba at Santiniketan in 1940
Kala Bhavan (Institute of Fine Arts), Santiniketan, India
Bust of Tagore in Gordon Square, Bloomsbury, London
Rabindranath Tagore's bust at St Stephen Green Park, Dublin, Ireland
Rabindranath Tagore Memorial, Nimtala crematorium, Kolkata
Bust of Rabindranath in Tagore promenade, Balatonfüred, Hungary
Blue plaque in honor of Tagore, erected in 1961 by London County Council at 3 Villas on the Heath, Vale of Health, Hampstead, London NW3 1BA, London Borough of Camden.
Jorasanko Thakur Bari, Kolkata; the room in which Tagore died in 1941.
Shahjadpur Kachharibari
Patisar Kachharibari
Rabindra Complex, Dakkhindihi, Phultala, Khulna, Bangladesh
Thákurova ulice,
Prague, Czech Republic
Tagore Room, Sardar Patel Memorial, Ahmedabad, India

Rabindranath Tagore (রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর; 7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) was a Bengali polymath who worked as a poet, writer, playwright, composer, philosopher, social reformer and painter.

They were Pirali Brahmin ('Pirali’ historically carried a stigmatized and pejorative connotation) originally belonged to a village named Kush in the district named Burdwan in West Bengal.

Somapura Mahavihara from the Pala dynasty, a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Bengali Buddhists

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Somapura Mahavihara from the Pala dynasty, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Mainamati Buddhist ruins in southeastern Bangladesh
A Buddhist temple on Maheshkhali Island, Chittagong
Dipankara Srijan, president of the Chittagong Buddhist Association, as leader of a delegation at the 6th Buddhist council in Rangoon.

Bengali Buddhists (বাঙালি বৌদ্ধ) are a religious subgroup of the Bengalis who adhere to or practice the religion of Buddhism.

Bengali Buddhist people mainly live in Bangladesh and Indian states West Bengal and Tripura.

Nazrul in Chittagong, 1926

Kazi Nazrul Islam

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Indian and later Bangladeshi poet, writer, musician, and is the national poet of Bangladesh.

Indian and later Bangladeshi poet, writer, musician, and is the national poet of Bangladesh.

Nazrul in Chittagong, 1926
Nazrul teaching music to his disciples
Young Nazrul in-front of Dalmadal Canon in Bishnupur, Bankura, 1920s
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Plaque in memory of Nazrul Islam in Hooghly Jail
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As per a wish expressed in the Nazrul Geeti "Mashjideri Pashe Amar Kobor Dio Bhai" (Bury me next to the mosque, brother), Nazrul is buried beside the Central Mosque of The Dhaka University
Nazrul Academy in Churulia, Asansol, West Bengal, India which is also the birthplace of Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Kazi Nazrul Islam on stamp of India
Nazrul Square in DC Hill Park in Chittagong City.

Born into a Bengali Muslim Kazi family hailing from Burdwan district in Bengal Presidency (now in West Bengal, India), Nazrul Islam received religious education and as a young man worked as a muezzin at a local mosque.

His writings greatly inspired Bengalis of East Pakistan during the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Pohela Baishakh celebration in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pohela Boishakh

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First day of the Bengali calendar which is also the official calendar of Bangladesh.

First day of the Bengali calendar which is also the official calendar of Bangladesh.

Pohela Baishakh celebration in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mughal Emperor Akbar began the celebration of Bengali New Year and officialized the Bengali calendar to ease the tax collection process.
Mangal Shobhajatra at Pohela Boishakh in Bangladesh. UNESCO recognises Mangal Shobhajatra as cultural heritage.
Students of Charukala (Fine Arts) Institute, Dhaka University preparing masks for Pohela Boishakh
Colorful celebration of Pohela Boishakh in Dhaka
Poila Baisakh Festive Meal
Children in Bangladesh carrying placards in Pohela Boishakh's rally
Children in Bangladesh carrying colorful placards in Pohela Boishakh's rally
Girls in Bangladesh wearing traditional saris and flower crowns at Pohela Boishakh celebration in Chittagong
Art competition at Pohela Boishakh celebration in Chittagong
Colorful show pieces in a Boishakhi fair stall
Pohela Boishakh Celebration by the Women Association, Abudhabi, UAE
A motif of sun at Mangal Shobhajatra procession in Pohela Boishakh celebration at Dhaka
The new year salutation at Ramna Park

This festival is celebrated on 14 April in Bangladesh and 15 April in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, and Assam (Barak Valley) by Bengalis regardless of religious faith.

Charyapada manuscript preserved in the library of Rajshahi College.

Bengali literature

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Bengali literature (বাংলা সাহিত্য) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language.

Bengali literature (বাংলা সাহিত্য) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language.

Charyapada manuscript preserved in the library of Rajshahi College.
The tomb of Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah, under whose patronage were writers such as Shah Muhammad Sagir and Krittibas Ojha.
Lalon inspired and influenced many poets, social and religious thinkers including Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, and Allen Ginsberg.
Rabindranath Tagore, Asia's first Nobel laureate.
Kazi Nazrul Islam seated with Bengali Muslim littérateurs in Sylhet. Nazrul's contributions included the profuse enrichment of the Bengali gôzôl.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee's first novel Durgeshnandini was considered a benchmark in the history of Bengali literature.<ref name = sukumarsenengbankim>{{cite book |last=Sen|first=Sukumar|title= History of Bengali |edition=3rd|year=1979|orig-year=1960|publisher=Sahitya Akademi|location= New Delhi |isbn= 81-7201-107-5|pages=211–12}}</ref>
Shaheed Minar, Dhaka as displayed on the annual anniversary of Bengali Language Movement.
Bhasha Smritistambha, Kolkata.
Kaykobad was a popular narrative poet.
Hason Raja's poetry continues to be prominent in rural Bengal.

The manuscript was discovered on a palm leaf in the Nepal Royal Court Library in 1907 by the Bengali linguist Haraprasad Shastri.

He received the Rabindra Puraskar, the highest literary award of Paschimbanga in 1955 for Krishnakali Ityadi Galpa.

Harvesting preparation

Nabanna

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Harvesting preparation

Nobanno (নবান্ন, Nobānno; lit: New Feast) is a Bengali harvest celebration usually celebrated with food and dance and music in Bangladesh and in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley.

Mohun Bagan AC

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Bhupendra Nath Bose, the first President of the club.
A colourised image of the IFA Shield winning team of 1911
Karuna Bhattacharya, a long time associate of Mohun Bagan as player and later as secretary and coach of the team.
Dr. Talimeren Ao featuring on 2018 postage stamp of India
Chuni Goswami at Mohun Bagan Ground in 2020.
Jarnail Singh representing India at 1962 Asian Games.
Syed Nayeemuddin played for 5 years (1968–74) and later became the coach (1992–93, 1996 and 1999).
P.K. Banerjee in 2011.
1989 postage stamp commemorating the centenary year of Mohun Bagan
I.M. Vijayan played for Mohun Bagan for a total of 3 years and was nicknamed "Kalo Horin" by the fans.
Bhaichung Bhutia, with his wife, at Mohun Bagan Ground in 2009.
Baggu
Indian crowd during the match against Bayern Munich.
Tolgay Özbey celebrating after his brace against George Telegraph in 2012.
Sanjay Sen, who led Mohun Bagan to its first I-League trophy.
Bengaluru vs Mohun Bagan, final match of 2014–15 I-League.
2014–15 league winning captain Shilton Paul at Mohun Bagan Ground.
The Kolkata Derby
Mohun Bagan Ground
One of the biggest banners in Indian football unfurled by Mumbai Pune Mariners at the Cooperage Ground in 2016
A co-operative tifo unfurled by the combined supporters of Mohun Bagan, East Bengal and Mohammedan during India's match against Bangladesh in 2019.
The first official Kolkata Derby news report
1911 IFA Shield winning team of Mohun Bagan AC.
Mohun Bagan ground
Mohun Bagan's all-time top Indian goalscorer, Chuni Goswami
Gostha Pal featuring on 1998 stamp of India

Mohun Bagan Athletic Club is an Indian professional sports club based in Kolkata, West Bengal.

On 15 August 1889, after a meeting of three famous aristocratic Bengali families of North Kolkata – the Mitra family, the Basu family, and the Sen family, and other distinguished personalities, presided over by Bhupendra Nath Basu himself, Mohun Bagan Sporting Club was formed.