Marcos in 1982 during a ceremony
Ferdinand Marcos (right) with his family in the 1920s
Benigno Aquino Jr. (right) with President Ramon Magsaysay in August 1951
Aquino with Jose W. Diokno; the two main opposition leaders arrested by Marcos in Laur, Nueva Ecija after Proclamation No. 1081
Ferdinand Marcos being conferred with a Doctor Laws, honoris causa degree during the investiture of the first Filipino president of Central Philippine University, Rex. D. Drilon, on April 21, 1967.
President Ferdinand Marcos meeting Aquino
Ferdinand Marcos as a soldier in the 1940s
The room where Aquino was detained from August 1973 to 1980
Ferdinand Marcos is sworn into his first term on December 30, 1965.
Aquino delivers a prepared statement against the Marcos regime
The leaders of some of the SEATO nations in front of the Congress Building in Manila, hosted by Marcos on October 24, 1966
B-1836, the aircraft involved in the assassination, taxiing at Kai Tak Airport
President Marcos (left) and his wife Imelda (center) meet with US President Lyndon B. Johnson (right) in Manila in October 1966.
Clothes worn by Aquino upon his return from exile at the Aquino Center in Tarlac
Marcos with Japanese Emperor Hirohito in 1966
Aquino's grave next to his wife's at the Manila Memorial Park
Ferdinand Marcos takes the Oath of Office for a second term before Chief Justice Roberto Concepcion on December 30, 1969.
Ninoy Aquino on a 2000 stamp of the Philippines
Richard Nixon with the Marcos family in 1969
September 24, 1972, issue of the Sunday edition of the Philippine Daily Express
Imperial Japanese Army soldier Hiroo Onoda offering his military sword to Marcos on the day of his surrender on March 11, 1974
Ferdinand Marcos with US Secretary of State George Shultz, 1982
President Ferdinand E. Marcos in Washington in 1983
Marcos at the North–South Summit on International Cooperation and Development in Cancun alongside other world leaders including I. Gandhi, F. Mitterrand, R. Reagan, M. Thatcher, K. Waldheim, Zhao Ziyang; October 23, 1981
Corazon Aquino, widow of the assassinated opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr., takes the Oath of Office on February 25, 1986
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos at the White House with US President Ronald Reagan in 1982
The body of Ferdinand Marcos was stored in a refrigerated crypt at the Ferdinand E. Marcos Presidential Center in Batac, Ilocos Norte until 2016.
Students of the Ateneo de Manila University along Katipunan Avenue protesting against the burial of Marcos insisting that the former president is not a hero, but a dictator
Ferdinand Marcos in Washington, 1983
A 1999 view of the San Fernando segment of North Luzon Expressway, one of Marcos's infrastructure projects
San Juanico Bridge connecting Leyte and Samar
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with the Johnsons in 1966
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with the Nixons in 1969
Marcos greeting Robert Muldoon on the latter's official visit to the Philippines, 1980. New Zealand was a valuable strategic partner for the country in the last years of Marcos' rule.

Aquino, together with Gerardo Roxas and Jovito Salonga, helped form the leadership of the opposition towards then President Ferdinand Marcos.

- Benigno Aquino Jr.

After being elected for a third term in the 1981 Philippine presidential election, Marcos's popularity suffered greatly, due to the economic collapse that began in early 1983 and the public outrage over the assassination of opposition leader Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. later that year.

- Ferdinand Marcos
Marcos in 1982 during a ceremony

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Aquino in 1986

Corazon Aquino

Filipina politician who served as the 11th president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992.

Filipina politician who served as the 11th president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992.

Aquino in 1986
Corazon Aquino taking the oath of office before Chief Justice Claudio Teehankee Sr. in Club Filipino, San Juan on 25 February 1986
Corazon Aquino during a ceremony honoring the United States Air Force.
President Corazon Aquino with U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle participate in the Veterans' Day Service at Arlington National Cemetery on 10 November 1989.
President Aquino holds talks with the officials from the International Rice Research Institute.
President Corazon Aquino addresses base workers at a rally at Remy Field concerning jobs for Filipino workers after the Americans withdraw from the U.S. facilities.
Corazon Aquino speaking before the 2003 Ninoy Aquino Award ceremony at the U.S. Embassy in Manila.
Queue for Aquino's wake in front of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila campus, which had opened its facilities including a clinic and restrooms for the mourners. The cross topping the dome of Manila Cathedral is visible in the upper right of the photo.
The grave of Corazon and Ninoy Aquino photographed on 8 August 2009, a week after Corazon Aquino's death. Corazon Aquino shares a gravestone with her husband Ninoy Aquino at the Manila Memorial Park in Parañaque, Philippines. Their son, Benigno III, was later interred beside their graves upon his death in June 2021.
Cory Aquino memorial at General Tinio, Nueva Ecija

She was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which ended the two-decade rule of President Ferdinand Marcos and led to the establishment of the current democratic Fifth Philippine Republic.

Corazon Aquino was married to Senator Benigno Aquino Jr., who was one of the most prominent critics of President Marcos.

Jose W. Diokno

Filipino nationalist, lawyer, and politician.

Filipino nationalist, lawyer, and politician.

A statue of Ramón Diokno in San Luis, Batangas
Life photo of UST, which was converted to an internment camp during WWII that forced Diokno to prepare for the bar exam at home
Pres. Diosdado Macapagal with rival candidate Sen. Marcos
The Board of Investments was created by Sen. Diokno's Investment Incentives Act in 1967.
A standee of Sen. Diokno delivering a rally for the MCCCL at Plaza Miranda, hours before martial law was signed
A wax figure of the late Sen. Diokno in the Delta Room at Fort Magsaysay, where he was confined for thirty days and banned from keeping any items
Detail of Jose W. Diokno's name in the Wall of Remembrance at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani
J.W. Diokno Boulevard along the Bay City coastline
Chel Diokno seen honoring heroes at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani
Carmen Diokno
Grandson Pepe Diokno
Jose W. Diokno (Historical Park and Laurel Park, Batangas Provincial Capitol Complex)
Diokno with wife Carmen
Sec. Diokno speaking out at a televised conference
Diokno billboard in 1963
Diokno making a speech
Diokno at the lower left of a painting at UP holding a microphone
Bust of Diokno at the CHR

Macapagal would become unpopular and eventually lose the next election in 1965 to another controversial politician also connected with Stonehill named Ferdinand Marcos.

Sen. Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino exposed the Oplan Sagittarius scandal earlier in a September 13 speech, and spoke to the Senate on September 21, the same day that the MCCCL held their exceptionally large rally at Plaza Miranda.

Joint session of Philippine Legislature including the newly elected Senate, November 15, 1916

Senate of the Philippines

Upper house of Congress, the bicameral legislature of the Philippines; the House of Representatives is the lower house.

Upper house of Congress, the bicameral legislature of the Philippines; the House of Representatives is the lower house.

Joint session of Philippine Legislature including the newly elected Senate, November 15, 1916
The post–World War II Philippine Senate in 1951: Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr., far left, debates Quintín Paredes, far right. In the middle are Justiniano Montano, Mariano Jesús Cuenco, Enrique B. Magalona, and Francisco Delgado; in the foreground is Edmundo Cea. Deliberations were once held at the Old Legislative Building.

The Senate finally convened in 1945 and served as the upper chamber of Congress from thereon until the declaration of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1972, which shut down Congress.

Benigno S. Aquino Jr., Marcos-era co-opposition leader, husband of the 11th President Corazon C. Aquino and father of the 15th President Benigno S. Aquino III

Salonga in 2005

Jovito Salonga

Salonga in 2005
Jovito Salonga receives the 2010 Ka Pepe Diokno Human Rights Award.

Jovito "Jovy" Reyes Salonga, KGCR (June 22, 1920 – March 10, 2016) was a Filipino politician and lawyer, as well as a leading opposition leader during the regime of Ferdinand Marcos from the declaration of martial law in 1972 until the People Power Revolution in 1986, which removed Marcos from power.

In 1967, he was Benigno Aquino Jr.'s chief lawyer in the underage lawsuit filed against the latter by President Marcos.

1986 Philippine presidential election

The 1986 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections were held on February 7, 1986.

The 1986 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections were held on February 7, 1986.

After being dared by an American journalist, President Ferdinand E. Marcos declared a snap election during an interview on the American Broadcasting Company political affairs programme, This Week with David Brinkley in November 1985.

The assassination of Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. on August 21, 1983, revived the oppositionist press, and not far behind it did the pro-Marcos press retaliate.

Benigno Aquino Jr.

Assassination of Benigno Aquino Jr.

Benigno Aquino Jr.
B-1836, the incident aircraft, taxiing at Kai Tak Airport.
Bloodied safari jacket, pants (folded), belt, and boots worn by Aquino upon his return from exile are on permanent display at the Aquino Center in Tarlac.
The airport terminal where the assassination occurred, now the present day Terminal 1 of Manila International Airport, which as since been renamed as "Ninoy Aquino International Airport" in his honor. Many still refer to the airport by its former and call this terminal as "Ninoy Aquino Terminal".

Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr., a former Philippine senator, was assassinated on Sunday, August 21, 1983, on the tarmac of Manila International Airport (now named Ninoy Aquino International Airport in his honor).

A longtime political opponent of President Ferdinand Marcos, Aquino had just landed in his home country after three years of self-imposed exile in the United States when he was shot in the head while being escorted from an aircraft to a vehicle that was waiting to transport him to prison.

Official Logo of UP Diliman

University of the Philippines Diliman

Coeducational, public research university located in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.

Coeducational, public research university located in Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.

Official Logo of UP Diliman
Official Logo of UP Diliman
The Oblation Plaza showing the Oblation monument and the facade of Quezon Hall.
Fire trees of U.P. Diliman
Quezon Hall
The Carillon Tower and Carillon Plaza as seen from Magsaysay Avenue
The Sunken Garden in U.P. Diliman during the wet months
The Sunken Garden during the summer
UP Promenade
Activist organizations in UP Diliman in front of Palma Hall led a student walkout protest in 2019 commemorating the 47th anniversary of the declaration of martial law.
View of Quezon Hall from the University Avenue during U.P.D.'s 2011 Lantern Parade

In this period, UP Diliman became a center of dissent towards the Marcos' administration.

In the country's political history, UP has produced former Philippine presidents, José P. Laurel and Ferdinand E. Marcos; statesmen Benigno Aquino Jr.; Arturo Tolentino, Gerardo Roxas, and Doy Laurel; prominent jurists such as former chief justices Querube Makalintal, Enrique Fernando; incumbent Senators Francis Pangilinan and Richard J. Gordon; and incumbent Congressmen Martin Romualdez, Roman Romulo, and Jesus Crispin Remulla.

Logo since 2021

Liberal Party (Philippines)

Liberal political party in the Philippines.

Liberal political party in the Philippines.

Logo since 2021

As a vocal opposition party to the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos, it reemerged as a major political party after the People Power Revolution and the establishment of the Fifth Republic.

Aside from presidents, the party has been led by liberal thinkers and progressive politicians including Benigno Aquino Jr., Jovito Salonga, Raul Daza, Florencio B. Abad Jr., Franklin Drilon, and Mar Roxas.

Wenceslao Vinzons, World War II guerrilla leader and "Father of Student Activism in the Philippines."

Upsilon Sigma Phi

Oldest Greek-letter organization and fraternity in Asia.

Oldest Greek-letter organization and fraternity in Asia.

Wenceslao Vinzons, World War II guerrilla leader and "Father of Student Activism in the Philippines."
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UP Presidents Alfredo Pascual and Danilo Concepcion share the stage during the ceremony for the turnover. Both are Upsilonians.
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Philippine billionaire Jorge Araneta.
Senator Francis Pangilinan.
Senator Richard Gordon.
Pasig Representative Roman Romulo.

Upsilonians in the Senate were vocal critics of the Marcos administration: Ninoy Aquino, Gerry Roxas, and Doy Laurel.

Ferdinand Marcos – 10th Philippine President; 3rd Prime Minister; 11th Senate President, Ilocos Norte Representative, World War II veteran, bar topnotcher

United Nationalist Democratic Organization

The United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) was the main political multi-party electoral alliance of the traditional political opposition during the turbulent last years of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos in the mid-1980s.

Shortly after the assassination of popular opposition senator Benigno Aquino Jr., the party was led by Senator Salvador Laurel of Batangas.