A report on NigeriaBeninLagos and Yoruba people

A group of Yoruba people at a public event
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Map of the Kingdom of Dahomey, 1793.
Aerial view of Lagos in 1929
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Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Map of Lagos' initial city boundaries, showing its contemporary districts. This definition is rarely used in the present day; the expanded metropolitan area is now a more accepted definition of Lagos.
Degree of Presence of The Yoruba and derived' Ede 
groups in Nigeria, Benin & Togo at Subnational levels
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
The Portuguese Empire was the longest European presence in Benin, beginning in 1680 and ending in 1961, when the last forces left Ajudá.
Lekki Conservation Centre canopy walk
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Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
Dahomey Amazons with the King at their head, going to war, 1793.
Lagos Marina
Palace of the King of Oyo circa 1900s - Colorized
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
The French conquest of Dahomey in 1893
Victoria Island
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Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
The flag of the People's Republic of Benin
Civic Towers, Victoria Island, Lagos
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Yayi Boni's 2006 presidential inauguration
A map showing the 16 LGAs making up Lagos Metropolitan Area
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1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Patrice Talon, current President of Benin
Lagos market scene
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Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
A Celestial Church of Christ baptism in Cotonou. Five percent of Benin's population belongs to this denomination, an African Initiated Church.
Apapa port
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The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
Benin map of Köppen climate classification.
Filming
Anna Hinderer church and mission house at Ibadan, 1850s
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Atakora, one of Benin's two northernmost departments.
Entrance of the Lekki Free Trade Zone
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Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
The Pendjari National Park in Benin is one of the most important reserves for the West African lion and other large animals of West Africa.
Construction of the Dangote Raffinerie
Yoruba door, wood carvings; used to record events c. 1910
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
A proportional representation of Benin exports, 2019
Tree growing in Freedom Park
Early 19th century Yoruba architecture showing their unique inner courtyard layout used as a safe space for storing livestock and a space where children could play
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
Extensive agriculture in the north of Benin, near Djougou.
Tinubu Square
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Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Real GDP per capita development of Benin since 1950
National Stadium.
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Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
Cotton field in northern Benin.
The Lagos Black Heritage Festival Parade, 2012
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The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Beninese students.
Lekki Beach in Lagos
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Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
Palais Des Congres in Cotonou.
The Cathedral Church of Christ Marina on Lagos Island
Gbedu drummers
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Traditional music group.
Arewa Traditional Kitchen
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Climate map of Nigeria
Acarajé is peeled black-eyed peas formed into a ball and then deep-fried.
Lagos Business School
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Palm plantation in Delta State
Lagos Business School's Cafeteria
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Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Dowen College in Lagos
Wooden Ere Ibeji figures representing twins. Yorubas have the highest twinning rate in the world.
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
University of Lagos
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A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Toll gates and roads at the Lekki-Ẹpẹ Expressway
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Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Lagos, its ports, airports, free trade zone and light rail system
An older traditional Agbada clothing historically worn by Yoruba men. This exhibit was obtained in the town of Òkukù.
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
Distilling column of the Dangote refinery in compare to a Saturn rocket
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PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Pharmacy in Epe
African Languages Spoken in American Households
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Commemoration of Black consciousness, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Innoson vehicles
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Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Amala is a Yoruba food.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Vocabulary_of_the_Yoruba_Language/oXxBAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=amala|title=A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language|author=Owen Emeric Vidal|publisher=Seeleys|date=1852|isbn=9781976589218}}</ref>
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Akara is a Yoruba bean fritter.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Vocabulary_of_the_Yoruba_Language/oXxBAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=akara|title=A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language|author=Owen Emeric Vidal|publisher=Seeleys|date=1852|isbn=9781976589218}}</ref>
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Ofada rice is a Yoruba dish.<ref name="Olusegun Obasanjo 1983">{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Management_in_Agriculture_Rural_Developm/JdrSAAAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22ofada%20rice%22|title=Management in Agriculture & Rural Development: A Practicioner's View|author=Olusegun Obasanjo|date=1983|isbn=9789782399243}}</ref>
Substation in Abuja
Ofada rice is traditionally in a leaf.
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Moin Moin is a Yoruba steamed bean pudding.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Adim%C3%BA/w3r4Xx2059AC?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22moin+moin%22|title=Adimú: Gbogbó Tén'unjé Lukumí|author=Miguel Willie Ramos|publisher=Eleda.Org Publications|date=July 2012|isbn=9781877845109}}</ref>
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
A collection of foods eaten by Yorubas in general
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Simple Iro and Buba with Gele<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988">{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Fundamentals_of_Nigerian_Marketing/JfbTAAAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22iro+and+buba%22&dq=%22iro+and+buba%22&printsec=frontcover|title=Fundamentals of Nigerian Marketing|author=Esogwa C. Osuala|date=1988|publisher=Pacific Publishers|isbn=9789782347299}}</ref>
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Agbádá àti Fìlà<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Yoruba_Dress/CzAqd4vGphoC?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=agbada+and+fila&dq=agbada+and+fila&printsec=frontcover|title=Yoruba Dress: A Systematic Case Study of Five Generations of a Lagos Family|author=Betty Marguerite Wass|date=1975|publisher=Michigan State University. Department of Family Ecology|isbn=9789782347299|pages=143–183}}</ref>
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
Iro and Bùbá, with Gele and Ipele. Blouse, wrapper and headgear<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988"/>
The Abuja National Mosque
Bùbá àti Kèmbè. Agbada top with short baggy pants<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Handbook_of_Nigerian_Culture/n1AuAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=kembe|title=A Handbook of Nigerian Culture|author1=Frank Aig-Imoukhuede|author2=Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Information and Culture|date=1992|publisher=Department of Culture, Federal Ministry of Information and Culture|isbn=9789783131613|page=134}}</ref>
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Iro and Bùbá, with Gele and Ipele made from Òfì<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Aso_Oke_Yoruba/bH5djwEACAAJ?hl=en|title=Aso Oke Yoruba: A Tapestry of Love & Color, a Journey of Personal Discovery|author=Tola Adenle|date=February 2, 2016|publisher=CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform|isbn=9781523495221}}</ref>
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
Agbádá àti Sóró, Agbada and long slim pants<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Lekki/o9EuAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=They%20wear%20dresses%20like|title=Lekki|author=Bola researcher/writer Sebastian|date=1992|publisher=Public Information Department, Lagos State Ministry of Information, Culture, Youth & Sports|page=3}}</ref>
A hospital in Abuja
Ìró and Bùbá with gele<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988"/>
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

Lagos (Nigerian English: ; Èkó) is the largest city in Nigeria and the second most populous city in Africa, with a population of 15.4 million as of 2015 within the city proper - daily the Lagos area is growing by some 3,000 people, or around 1.1 million annually, so the true population figure of the greater Lagos area in 2022 is roughly 28 million (up from some 23.5 million in 2018).

- Lagos

The Yoruba people (Ìran Yorùbá, Ọmọ Odùduwà, Ọmọ Káàárọ̀-oòjíire ) are a West African ethnic group that mainly inhabits parts of Nigeria, Benin and Togo.

- Yoruba people

It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, and Niger to the north-east.

- Benin

Nigeria borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west.

- Nigeria

The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second-largest in Africa.

- Nigeria

Lagos initially emerged as a home to the Awori subgroup of the Yoruba of West Africa and later emerged as a port city that originated on a collection of islands, which are contained in the present day Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Lagos Island, Eti-Osa, Amuwo-Odofin and Apapa.

- Lagos

The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbo in the east, together comprising over 60% of the total population.

- Nigeria

Before 1700, there were city-states along the coast (primarily of the Aja ethnic group, and also including Yoruba and Gbe peoples) and a mass of tribal regions inland (composed of Bariba, Mahi, Gedevi, and Kabye peoples).

- Benin

Today, Lagos (Èkó), another major Yoruba city, with a population of over twenty million, remains the largest on the African continent.

- Yoruba people

Cadjehoun Airport, located at Cotonou, has direct international jet service to Accra, Niamey, Monrovia, Lagos, Ouagadougou, Lomé, and Douala, and other cities in Africa.

- Benin

The Trans–West African Coastal Highway leaves the city as the Badagry Expressway to Benin and beyond as far as Dakar and Nouakchott; the Trans-Sahara Highway to Algiers, which is close to completion, leaves the city as the Lagos-Ibadan Expressway.

- Lagos

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Overall

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe

West Africa

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Westernmost region of Africa.

Westernmost region of Africa.

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe
13th-century Africa – Map of the main trade routes and states, kingdoms and empires.
West Africa circa 1875
French in West Africa circa 1913
A rhinoceros in Bandia Nature Reserve, Senegal. Credit: Corine REZEL.
African bush elephants in Yankari National Park, Nigeria
Deforestation in Nigeria.
Satellite imagery from outer space of West Africa
Railway systems in West Africa, 2022
Railway systems in West Africa 2030, projection
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A street and airport in the famous town of Timbuktu, Mali, showing the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style of the West African interior
Philip Emeagwali wearing the Boubou (or Agbada), a traditional robe symbolic of West Africa
Jollof rice or Benachin, one of many Pan–West African dishes found only in West Africa
Supporters of ASEC Mimosas
The talking drum is an instrument unique to West Africa.
Kora-playing griots in Senegal, 1900. Both the Kora, a 21-stringed harp-lute, and the griot musical-caste are unique to West Africa.
The 13th-century Great Mosque of Djenné is a superb example of the indigenous Sahelian architectural style prevalent in the Savannah and Sahelian interior of West Africa. It is listed an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Voodoo altar with several fetishes in Abomey, Benin
Map of petroleum and natural gas within West Africa
Praia, Cape Verde
Dakar, Senegal
Lomé, Togo
Porto-Novo, Benin
Niamey, Niger
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Banjul, Gambia
Conakry, Guinea
Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Monrovia, Liberia
Bamako, Mali
Georgetown, Ascension Island
Tristan da Cunha, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo, as well as Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom Overseas Territory).

Further east, Oyo arose as the dominant Yoruba state and the Aro Confederacy as a dominant Igbo state in modern-day Nigeria.

Lagos, Nigeria