A report on Israel and Benjamin Netanyahu

Netanyahu in 2019
Netanyahu studied at MIT between 1972 and 1976, earning SB and SM degrees.
The Merneptah Stele (13th century BCE). The majority of biblical archeologists translate a set of hieroglyphs as "Israel," the first instance of the name in the record.
Netanyahu (right) with Sorin Hershko, a soldier wounded and permanently paralyzed in Operation Entebbe, 2 July 1986
Netanyahu's first meeting with Palestinian President Yasser Arafat at the Erez crossing, 4 September 1996
The Large Stone Structure, an archaeological site in Jerusalem
Netanyahu sitting with U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat at the Wye River Memorandum, 1998
Prime Minister Netanyahu, with his son, at the Western Wall in 1998.
Map of Israel and Judah in the 9th century BCE
Netanyahu in a meeting with President Dmitry Medvedev in Russia, 24 March 2011
Portion of the Temple Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, written during the Second Temple period
Netanyahu with Yohanan Danino, appointed Israel's Chief of Police in 2011
Kfar Bar'am, an ancient Jewish village, abandoned some time between the 7th–13th centuries CE.
Netanyahu, Hillary Clinton, George J. Mitchell and Mahmoud Abbas at the start of the direct talks, 2 September 2010
The 13th-century Ramban Synagogue in Jerusalem
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Netanyahu, Jerusalem, 23 July 2014
Jews at the Western Wall in the 1870s
Netanyahu and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.
The First Zionist Congress (1897) in Basel, Switzerland
Netanyahu, Joseph Dunford and Jewish veterans of the Red Army, Victory Day in Jerusalem, 9 May 2017
UN Map, "Palestine plan of partition with economic union"
Netanyahu meets with President Donald Trump in Jerusalem, May 2017
Territory held by Israel: The Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt in 1982.
Netanyahu meets with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, 24 January 2018
Israel's 1980 law declared that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel."
President Trump, joined by Netanyahu behind, signs the proclamation recognizing Israel's 1981 annexation of the Golan Heights, March 2019
Shimon Peres (left) with Yitzhak Rabin (center) and King Hussein of Jordan (right), prior to signing the Israel–Jordan peace treaty in 1994.
Israelis protest against Netanyahu outside his official residence in Jerusalem on 30 July 2020
The site of the 2001 Tel Aviv Dolphinarium discotheque massacre, in which 21 Israelis were killed.
Netanyahu's motorcade departs the Prime Minister's residence on the early morning of July 11, 2021, a month after his ouster as Prime Minister.
Köppen climate classification map of Israel and the Golan Heights
Netanyahu at a memorial service of Ethiopian Israeli immigrants, in honor of their friends who died on their way to Israel.
Population pyramid of Israel
One of Netanyahu's campaign posters during the 2009 Israeli legislative elections reading "Strong in security. Strong in economy."
Immigration to Israel in the years 1948–2015. The two peaks were in 1949 and 1990.
White House Abraham Accords signing ceremony on 15 September 2020
Road sign in Hebrew, Arabic, and English
Netanyahu publicly supported the Trump peace plan for the creation of the State of Palestine.
The Dome of the Rock and the Western Wall, Jerusalem.
Standing with Israeli Minister of Defense Ehud Barak, Netanyahu holds an Iranian instruction manual for the anti-ship missile captured in Victoria Affair, March 2011
Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center at Bar-Ilan University
Protest against U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel, Tehran, 11 December 2017
Mount Scopus Campus of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Israelis in Ashkelon run for shelter following a missile alert during Operation Protective Edge
The Knesset chamber, home to the Israeli parliament
Benjamin Netanyahu at the grave of his brother Yoni Netanyahu, who was killed leading a counter-terrorist operation in 1976
Political system of state of Israel
Netanyahu lighting Hanukkah candles on the first night in the Prime Minister's office in Jerusalem with his wife, Sara and their sons, Yair and Avner, 1996
Supreme Court of Israel, Givat Ram, Jerusalem
Netanyahu and Barack Obama
Map of Israel showing the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights
Netanyahu and Donald Trump during the signing of the Abraham Accords on 15 September 2020
Israeli West Bank barrier separating Israel and the West Bank
Netanyahu with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Jerusalem, 31 March 2019
Area C of the West Bank, controlled by Israel under Oslo Accords, in blue and red, in December 2011
Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat at the signing ceremony of the Oslo Accords with then US President Bill Clinton
Squad commanders exercise at Eliakim training base in 2012
Iron Dome is the world's first operational anti-artillery rocket defense system.
Change in per capita GDP of Israel since 1950. Figures are inflation-adjusted to 2011 International dollars.
The Diamond Exchange District in Ramat Gan
Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. Its building is optimized for computer trading, with systems located in an underground bunker to keep the exchange active during emergencies.
Matam high-tech park in Haifa
The world's largest solar parabolic dish at the Ben-Gurion National Solar Energy Center.
Ben Gurion International Airport
Ein Bokek resort on the shore of the Dead Sea
Shmuel Yosef Agnon, laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Zubin Mehta
Shrine of the Book, repository of the Dead Sea Scrolls in Jerusalem
A meal including falafel, hummus, French fries and Israeli salad
Teddy Stadium of Jerusalem
Boris Gelfand, chess Grandmaster

Under the leadership of Benjamin Netanyahu at the end of the 1990s, Israel withdrew from Hebron, and signed the Wye River Memorandum, giving greater control to the Palestinian National Authority.

- Israel

His mother was born in 1912 in Petah Tikva, then in Ottoman Palestine, now Israel.

- Benjamin Netanyahu

28 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Likud

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Logo of the Likud-Tzomet List from the 1996 election
A truck canvassing for Likud in Jerusalem in advance of the 2006 election
Likud founder Menachem Begin
Ze'ev Jabotinsky

Likud (הַלִּיכּוּד, translit. HaLikud, lit. The Consolidation), officially known as Likud – National Liberal Movement, is the major centre-right to right-wing political party in Israel.

Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu won the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections.

CIA remote-sensing map of areas governed by the Palestinian Authority, July 2008.

Second Intifada

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Palestinian uprising against Israel.

Palestinian uprising against Israel.

CIA remote-sensing map of areas governed by the Palestinian Authority, July 2008.
Monument to Israeli Arab casualties in October 2000 riots, Nazareth
Residential neighborhood in Ramallah.
Dolphinarium Massacre memorial at the Tel Aviv Dolphinarium site with the names of the victims written in Russian
Military equipment confiscated from Karine A
IDF Caterpillar D9
The aftermath of a bus bombing in Haifa in 2003
Early Israeli construction of West Bank barrier, 2003
Israeli forces uncover a smuggling tunnel in Gaza, May 2004
Rocket and mortar shells from Gaza into Israel, February 2009
IDF Caterpillar D9 armoured bulldozer. Military experts cited the D9 as a key factor in keeping IDF casualties low.
The Israeli Air Force (IAF) AH-64 Apache were used as platform for shooting guided missiles at Palestinian targets and employed at the targeted killings policy against senior militants and terrorists leaders.
The iconic picture of Faris Odeh, who was killed in early November 2000, throwing a stone at an Israel Defense Forces tank in the Gaza Strip.

In the 1996 elections, Israelis elected a right-wing coalition led by the Likud candidate, Benjamin Netanyahu who was followed in 1999 by the Labor Party leader Ehud Barak.

Palestinian tactics focused on Israeli civilians, soldiers, police and other security forces, and methods of attack included suicide bombings, launching rockets and mortars into Israel, kidnapping of both soldiers and civilians, including children, shootings, assassination, stabbings, stonings, and lynchings.

Jerusalem

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City in Western Asia.

City in Western Asia.

Close up of the Khirbet Beit Lei inscription, showing the earliest extra-biblical Hebrew writing of the word Jerusalem, dated to the seventh or sixth century BCE
Stepped Stone Structure in the City of David, the ancient core of Jerusalem during the Bronze Age and Iron Age
The Siloam Inscription, written in Biblical Hebrew, commemorates the construction of the Siloam tunnel (c. 700 BCE)
Modern-day reconstruction of Jerusalem during the reign of Solomon (10th century BCE). Solomon's Temple appears on top.
Holyland Model of Jerusalem, depicting the city during the late Second Temple period. First created in 1966, it is continuously updated according to advancing archaeological knowledge
A coin issued by the Jewish rebels in 68 CE. Obverse: "Shekel, Israel. Year 3". Reverse: "Jerusalem the Holy", in the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet
Stones from the Western Wall of the Temple Mount thrown during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE
The Siege and Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans (David Roberts, 1850)
Jerusalem mural depicting the Cardo during the Byzantine period.
1455 painting of the Holy Land. Jerusalem is viewed from the west; the octagonal Dome of the Rock stands left of Al-Aqsa, shown as a church, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre stands on the left side of the picture.
Medieval illustration of capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade, 1099.
Jerusalem, from 'Peregrinatio in Terram Sanctam' by Bernhard von Breydenbach (1486)
Topographic map of the city, c. 1600.
1844 daguerreotype by Joseph-Philibert Girault de Prangey (the earliest photograph of the city).
William McLean's 1918 plan was the first urban planning scheme for Jerusalem. It laid the foundations for what became West Jerusalem and East Jerusalem.
Jerusalem on VE Day, 8 May 1945.
Map of East Jerusalem (2010)
The Knesset houses the legislature of Israel
Supreme Court of Israel
Israeli Foreign Ministry building
Orient House in East Jerusalem that served as the headquarters of the PLO in the 1980s and 1990s. It was closed by Israel in 2001, two days after the Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing.
Snow visible on roofs in the Old City of Jerusalem.
Rehavia and Kiryat Wolfson, two Jewish neighborhoods, as seen from Givat Ram
Sheikh Jarrah, a predominantly Arab neighborhood on the road to Mount Scopus.
Sign in Armenian in the Armenian Quarter.
The Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance for the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Bank of Israel
Har Hotzvim high-tech park
Mamilla Mall adorned with upscale shops stands just outside the Old City Walls.
Holyland Tower, Jerusalem's tallest building
Jerusalem Chords Bridge
Light Rail tram on Jaffa Road
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus campus
Hand in Hand, a bilingual Jewish-Arab school in Jerusalem
Hebron Yeshiva in Givat Mordechai neighborhood
The Shrine of the Book, housing the Dead Sea Scrolls, at the Israel Museum
Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
National Library of Israel
Teddy Stadium, Malha
Pais Arena
Tower of David citadel and the Ottoman walls
Ben-Zakai synagogue, photo taken in 1893
Guesthouse in Mishkenot Sha'ananim, the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem (1860), on a hill directly across from Mount Zion.
Israeli policemen meet a Jordanian Legionnaire near the Mandelbaum Gate ({{Circa|1950}}).
King Hussein of Jordan flying over the Temple Mount in East Jerusalem when it was under Jordanian control, 1965.
Astronauts' view of Jerusalem.
Sunset aerial photograph of the Mount of Olives.
The Temple Mount, the site of the two former Jewish Temples, is the holiest spot in Judaism
The Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall and the Kotel, is a remnant of the Second Temple and the holiest place where Jews are permitted to pray
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre contains the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus was crucified, and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is believed by Christians to have been buried and resurrected.
Al-Aqsa Mosque, the third holiest site in Sunni Islam. Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Great Mosque of Mecca to this location during the Night Journey.
The Garden Tomb – a new holy site established by British Protestants in the 19th century
Demographic history of Jerusalem by religion based on available data
Teddy Stadium, Malha

The city straddles the Green Line between Israel and the West Bank; both Israelis and Palestinians claim Jerusalem as their capital.

However, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in 2014 that "Jerusalem will never be divided".

2018 United Nations OCHA map of the area, showing Israeli occupation arrangements

East Jerusalem

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2018 United Nations OCHA map of the area, showing Israeli occupation arrangements
East Jerusalem zoning
Map of East Jerusalem. The Arab areas are coloured green, while the Jewish areas are blue.
William McLean's 1918 plan was the first urban planning scheme for Jerusalem. It laid the foundations for what became West Jerusalem and East Jerusalem.
Old Roman era gate beneath the Damascus Gate (Bab al-'Amud) in Jerusalem
1961 Jordan Tourism Map of Jerusalem
King Hussein flying over the Temple Mount while it was under Jordanian control, 1965
Aerial view of the ancient Jewish cemetery on Mount of Olives
2018 United Nations map of the area, showing the Israeli occupation arrangements.
Israeli West Bank barrier in Jerusalem
Jerusalem municipal area, under Israel in 2000
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing areas they consider settlements, plus refugee camps, fences, walls, etc.
East Jerusalem, with Israeli West Bank barrier in the background
Dome of the Rock in the Old City
UN map showing a series of Israeli "Inner Settlements" – each represented as red crosses – with clusters in the Old City, to the south adjacent to the City of David (shown as "Beit Hazofe" (בית הצופה, "Observation House")) and Ma'ale HaZeitim, and to the north around Shimon HaTzadik.
The new building is Schmidt's Girls College.

East Jerusalem (القدس الشرقية, al-Quds ash-Sharqiya; מִזְרַח יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, Mizraḥ Yerushalayim) is the sector of Jerusalem that was held by Jordan during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, as opposed to the western sector of the city, West Jerusalem, which was held by Israel.

The last link in the chain of settlements closing off East Jerusalem from the West Bank was forged in 1997 when Binyamin Netanyahu approved, as part of what he perceived as a battle for the city, the construction of the settlement of Har Homa.

Yasser Arafat awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, in December 1994

Yasser Arafat

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Palestinian political leader.

Palestinian political leader.

Yasser Arafat awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, in December 1994
Arafat with Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine leader, Nayef Hawatmeh and Palestinian writer Kamal Nasser at press conference in Amman, 1970
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser (center) mediating an agreement between Arafat and Jordanian King Hussein to end to the Black September conflict, during the emergency Arab League summit, September 1970
Yasser Arafat visits East Germany in 1971; background: Brandenburg Gate
Yasser Arafat with Bhim Singh, founder of Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party, in the 1970s.
Arafat in a Palestinian refugee camp in Southern Lebanon, 1978
Arafat with Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish (center) and PFLP leader George Habash (right) in Syria, 1980
Arafat with Iranian Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan, days after Iranian Revolution
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Arafat during the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993
Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat receiving the Nobel Peace Prize following the Oslo Accords
Arafat with PNA cabinet members Yasser Abed Rabbo (left) and Nabil Shaath (right) at a meeting in Copenhagen, 1999
Arafat with Ehud Barak and Bill Clinton at Camp David Summit, 2000
Arafat's "temporary" tomb in Ramallah, 2004
Honour guard at attention over Yasser Arafat's tombstone in mausoleum, opened 10 November 2007 at the PNA presidential headquarters in Ramallah
Arafat mausoleum

Opposed to the 1948 creation of the State of Israel, he fought alongside the Muslim Brotherhood during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

In mid-1996, Benjamin Netanyahu was elected Prime Minister of Israel.

Emblem of the Israel Defense Forces

Israel Defense Forces

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Emblem of the Israel Defense Forces
Major-Gen. Ariel Sharon (left), during the Battle of Abu-Ageila, June 1967
Operation Gazelle, Israel's ground maneuver, encircles the Egyptian Third Army, October 1973
IDF Kirya Compound, Tel Aviv
Structure of the Israel Defense Forces (click to enlarge)
Israeli officers of the Paratrooper Battalion 890 in 1955 with Moshe Dayan (standing, third from the left). Ariel Sharon is standing, second from the left and commando Meir Har Zion is standing furthest left.
Soldiers of the Golani Brigade on the Golan Heights
Soldiers of the "Yanshuf" (Owl) Battalion, which specializes in CBRN warfare
IDF Alpinist Unit dispatched to Mount Hermon
Israeli soldiers coming back from the Second Lebanon war, armed with the M4 Carbine and the IMI Negev light machinegun
Israeli soldiers during Operation Brothers' Keeper (2014) armed with IWI X95s.
IDF uniform colors
Female IDF corporal with the Spike missile launcher, wearing the golden-olive Madei Alef uniform
IDF female Military Police wearing skirts with their White caps and belts.
Nahal Brigade soldier with full combat gear.
163rd IAF Flight Course Graduates (2011)
IAF Flight academy graduates receive their ranks as air force officers
IDF Recruits trying on uniforms for the first time
IDF Nahal Brigade soldiers on their regular service
IDF Reservists train in the Golan Heights
The Israel Border Police (Magav) is responsible for security in urban or rural areas
The unisex Caracal Battalion, which serves in routine security missions
IDF shooting instructors, a common role for women in the IDF
IDF Warrant Officers with the M16 and IWI X95; two common assault rifles of the IDF.
Druze commander of the IDF Herev battalion
Bedouin soldiers in 1949
Israeli Arab soldiers, serving in the Galilee in 1978
Bedouin Desert Reconnaissance Battalion, visiting an Arab school
An Ethiopian-Jewish soldier
IDF soldiers of the religious 97th "Netzah Yehuda" Infantry Battalion
Israeli "Netzah Yehuda" recon company in full combat gear prepare for a night raid in the West Bank
IDF snipers in IDF international sniping contest, 2019
IDF soldier, Asael lubotzky prays with tefillin.
A female soldier of the IDF Search and Rescue Unit.
Israeli soldiers during the Battle of Nablus
The Engineering Corps's Atomic-Biological-Chemical Unit
Nahal Brigade soldiers pay respect to fallen comrades at Mt. Herzl's Military Cemetery
Two IDF Medical Doctors in a training exercise
IDF soldiers treat an injured Palestinian man
IDF soldiers rescued an eighty-year-old Lebanese woman, after she got tangled in the security fence on the northern border, on the Lebanese side
Israeli Air Force F-16I and F-35I
Merkava ('Chariot')– Israeli main battle tank, with 4 generations
Israeli Navy Sa'ar 5-class corvette INS Lahav
IDF's current (2017) armored fighting vehicles, clockwise: IDF Namer, IDF Caterpillar D9, M270 MLRS and Merkava Mk 4M
An IDF ceremony for Yom Hazikaron
Israeli female soldiers on parade, Jerusalem, 1968
Former IDF Chief of Staff Benny Gantz (right) meets with Martin Dempsey (left), Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Israeli soldiers training alongside the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit on the USS Kearsarge
A German-made Dolphin class submarine
Sailors of the Israeli Navy
Two IAF Apache AH-64D Longbows and one Greek AH-64A fly above the Greek countryside during a joint exercise, June 2011
Two IDF commando operators in a joint training in Greece, November 2019
IDF infantry with the IWI X95 "Micro-Tavor"
A profile of a Merkava Mk 4M tank, armed with an IMI 120 mm gun, a M2 Browning .50-cal, a 7.62x51 mm NATO commander's FN MAG, and equipped with the Trophy active protection system.
Israeli Air Force F-35I Adir.
M4A1 carbine
Tavor X95 flattop 380
IWI Negev LMG
M24 Sniper Weapon System (2018)
M2HQCB 0.5
Sa'ar 4.5-class missile boat
Hermes 900 UAV
Soldier armed with the IWI Tavor assault rifle
Spike ATGM
Arrow anti-ballistic missile
Wolf Armoured Vehicle
Israel Aerospace Industries EL/W-2085, a development of the EL/M-2075
"Saraph" AH-64D Apache Longbow
IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer
Iron Dome anti-rocket system launcher
Typhoon Weapon Station armed with 25 mm gun
The Python missile series.
IAI Harop.
The LITENING targeting pod, which is today used by more than 20 international air-forces.<ref>ISRAELI TARGETING POD LEADING BOMBINGS IN LIBYA BY YAAKOV KATZ Jerusalem Post, 1 May 2011</ref>
David's Sling Weapons System Stunner Missile
Merkava Mk 4m with Trophy active protection system, the first operationally tested Active Protection System for tanks.
M2 Browning on Catlanit RCWS
Israeli Air Force F-35I Adir.
Israeli Air Force F-16I and F-35I

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, ), alternatively referred to by the Hebrew-language acronym (צה״ל), is the national military of the State of Israel.

On 30 September 2009 Defense Minister Ehud Barak, Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu endorsed an additional NIS 1.5 billion for the defense budget to help Israel address problems regarding Iran.

Palestinian National Authority

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Fatah-controlled government body that exercises partial civil control over West Bank areas "A" and "B" as a consequence of the 1993–1995 Oslo Accords.

Fatah-controlled government body that exercises partial civil control over West Bank areas "A" and "B" as a consequence of the 1993–1995 Oslo Accords.

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993.
CIA remote-sensing map of areas governed by the Palestinian Authority, July 2008.
The Palestinian legislative election in 2006, Hamas (green) and Fatah (yellow)
Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), President of the Palestinian Authority since 2005 (disputed since 2009).

The Palestinian Authority was formed in 1994, pursuant to the Gaza–Jericho Agreement between the PLO and the government of Israel, and was intended to be a five-year interim body.

In response to the announcement, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu warned that the Authority must choose whether it wants "peace with Israel or peace with Hamas".

Jerusalem municipal area

Status of Jerusalem

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Disputed in both international law and diplomatic practice, with both the Israelis and Palestinians claiming Jerusalem as their capital city.

Disputed in both international law and diplomatic practice, with both the Israelis and Palestinians claiming Jerusalem as their capital city.

Jerusalem municipal area
Israel's parliament
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing refugee camps, fences, walls, and what at the time they regarded as settlements.

The main dispute revolves around the legal status of East Jerusalem and especially the Old City of Jerusalem, while broader agreement exists regarding future Israeli presence in West Jerusalem in accordance with Israel's internationally recognised borders.

This position was upheld by his successor, Benjamin Netanyahu, who stated there would be "..no discussion of the case of Jerusalem...".

The 1949 Green Line borders

Israeli–Palestinian peace process

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Attempt to resolve the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

Attempt to resolve the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

The 1949 Green Line borders
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993
President George W. Bush, center, discusses the peace process with Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel, left, and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in Aqaba, Jordan, 4 June 2003.
Trump plan map
Recognition of Israel only
Recognition of Israel, with some relations to Palestinian State
Recognition of both Israel and Palestinian State
Recognition of Palestinian State, with some relations to Israel
Recognition of Palestinian State only

'New Historian' Israeli academic Ilan Pappe says the cause of the conflict from a Palestinian point of view dates back to 1948 with the creation of Israel (rather than Israel's views of 1967 being the crucial point and the return of occupied territories being central to peace negotiations), and that the conflict has been a fight to bring home refugees to a Palestinian state.

Newly elected Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared a new policy following the many suicide attacks by Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad since 1993, including a wave of suicide attacks prior to the Israeli elections of May 1996.

1999 Israeli general election

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Early general elections for both the Prime Minister and the Knesset were held in Israel on 17 May 1999 following a vote of no confidence in the government; the incumbent Likud Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, ran for re-election.