Berbice

Berbice, Guyanacolony of BerbiceBerbicians
Berbice is a region along the Berbice River in Guyana, which was between 1627 and 1815 a colony of the Netherlands.wikipedia
220 Related Articles

Guyana

GuyaneseBritish GuianaCo-operative Republic of Guyana
Berbice is a region along the Berbice River in Guyana, which was between 1627 and 1815 a colony of the Netherlands. As part of the reforms of the newly acquired colonies on the South American mainland, the British merged Berbice with Demerara-Essequibo on 21 July 1831, forming the new crown colony of British Guiana, now Guyana.
Although Christopher Columbus was the first European to sight Guyana during his third voyage (in 1498), and Sir Walter Raleigh wrote an account in 1596, the Dutch were the first Europeans to establish colonies: Essequibo (1616), Berbice (1627), and Demerara (1752).

Surinam (Dutch colony)

SurinamDutch GuianaSuriname
After being a hereditary fief in the possession of the Van Peere family, the colony was governed by the Society of Berbice in the second half of the colonial period, akin to the neighbouring colony of Suriname, which was governed by the Society of Suriname.
Surinam (Suriname) was a Dutch plantation colony in the Guianas, neighboured by the equally Dutch colony of Berbice to the west, and the French colony of Cayenne to the east.

British Guiana

British GuyanaBritish GuianeseGuiana
After having been ceded to the United Kingdom in the latter year, it was merged with Essequibo and Demerara to form the colony of British Guiana in 1831. As part of the reforms of the newly acquired colonies on the South American mainland, the British merged Berbice with Demerara-Essequibo on 21 July 1831, forming the new crown colony of British Guiana, now Guyana.
The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle there, starting in the early 17th century, when they founded the colonies of Essequibo and Berbice, adding Demerara in the mid-18th century.

Fort Nassau (Guyana)

Fort NassauNassau
The capital of Berbice was at Fort Nassau until 1790.
Fort Nassau was the capital of the Dutch colony of Berbice, in present-day Guyana.

Demerara

DemararaDemereraDemerara County
After having been ceded to the United Kingdom in the latter year, it was merged with Essequibo and Demerara to form the colony of British Guiana in 1831. On 27 February 1781, British forces occupied Berbice and neighbouring Demerara and Essequibo as part of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, but in January 1782, the colonies were recaptured by the French, who were allied with the Dutch, and who subsequently restored the colonies to Dutch rule with the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
On 21 July 1831, Demerara-Essequibo united with Berbice as British Guiana, now Guyana.

Society of Berbice

Berbice Association
After being a hereditary fief in the possession of the Van Peere family, the colony was governed by the Society of Berbice in the second half of the colonial period, akin to the neighbouring colony of Suriname, which was governed by the Society of Suriname.
The Society of Berbice (Dutch: Sociëteit van Berbice) was founded on 24 October 1720 by the owners of the colony of Berbice.

Essequibo (colony)

EssequiboEssequeboEssequibo colony
After having been ceded to the United Kingdom in the latter year, it was merged with Essequibo and Demerara to form the colony of British Guiana in 1831. On 27 February 1781, British forces occupied Berbice and neighbouring Demerara and Essequibo as part of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, but in January 1782, the colonies were recaptured by the French, who were allied with the Dutch, and who subsequently restored the colonies to Dutch rule with the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
On 21 July 1831, Demerara-Essequibo was united with Berbice to create British Guiana with the Essequibo River as its west border, although many British settlers lived west of the Essequibo.

New Amsterdam, Guyana

New AmsterdamNew Amsterdam Fire Brigade, British GuianaNew Amsterdam, East Bank Berbice
In that year, the town of New Amsterdam, which grew around Fort Sint Andries, was made the new capital of the colony.
Five years later, Berbice's capital fell into British hands, although not all its early visitors from that quarter of Europe were impressed by its appearance.

Berbice slave uprising

1763 Berbice Slave Revolt1763 slave uprising1763 uprising in Berbice
The relatively sound economic situation of the colony was dealt a severe blow when a slave uprising broke out under the leadership of Cuffy in February 1763.
In 1762, the population of the Dutch colony of Berbice included 3,833 enslaved Blacks, 244 enslaved Amerindians or indigenous people, and 346 whites.

Cuffy (Guyanese rebel)

CuffyCuffy (person)Kofi
The relatively sound economic situation of the colony was dealt a severe blow when a slave uprising broke out under the leadership of Cuffy in February 1763.
Cuffy, also spelled Coffy, Kofi or Koffi (died in 1763), was an Akan man who was captured in his native West Africa and stolen for slavery to work in the plantations of the Dutch colony of Berbice in present-day Guyana.

Berbice Creole Dutch

BerbiceBerbice Dutch Creolebrc
Berbice Creole Dutch, a Dutch creole language based on the lexicon and grammar of the West African language Ijo, was spoken until well into the 20th century.
Berbice was settled in 1627 by the Dutchman Abraham van Peere.

Abraham van Peere

Abraham van PereVan Peere family
Berbice was settled in 1627 by the businessman Abraham van Peere from Vlissingen, under the suzerainty of the Dutch West India Company.
Abraham van Peere eventually founded the colony of Berbice in 1627.

Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814

Anglo-Dutch TreatyConvention of London1814 Anglo-Dutch treaty
In the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, the colony was formally ceded to the United Kingdom, and with the ratification of this treaty by the Netherlands on 20 November 1815, all Dutch legal claims to the colony were rescinded.
The treaty returned the colonial possessions of the Dutch as they were at 1 January 1803, before the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars in the Americas, Africa, and Asia, with the exception of the Cape of Good Hope and the South American settlements of Demerara, Essequibo and Berbice, where the Dutch retained trading rights.

Berbice River

BerbiceThe Upper Berbice River
Berbice is a region along the Berbice River in Guyana, which was between 1627 and 1815 a colony of the Netherlands.
*Berbice

Fourth Anglo-Dutch War

Fourth Anglo–Dutch War4th Anglo-Dutch Warat war
On 27 February 1781, British forces occupied Berbice and neighbouring Demerara and Essequibo as part of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, but in January 1782, the colonies were recaptured by the French, who were allied with the Dutch, and who subsequently restored the colonies to Dutch rule with the Treaty of Paris of 1783.
Though an attempt was made to likewise capture the Dutch Leeward Antilles, these remained in Dutch hands, as did Suriname, though neighboring Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo were rapidly taken by the British early in 1781.

Demerara-Essequibo

Demerara and Essequibo
As part of the reforms of the newly acquired colonies on the South American mainland, the British merged Berbice with Demerara-Essequibo on 21 July 1831, forming the new crown colony of British Guiana, now Guyana.
On 21 July 1831 Demerara-Esequibo united with Berbice as British Guiana.

Dutch West India Company

Dutch West Indies CompanyWICWest India Company
Berbice was settled in 1627 by the businessman Abraham van Peere from Vlissingen, under the suzerainty of the Dutch West India Company.
After the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, it became apparent that the Dutch West India Company was no longer capable of defending its own colonies, as Sint Eustatius, Berbice, Essequibo, Demerara, and some forts on the Dutch Gold Coast were rapidly taken by the British.

Abraham Jacob van Imbijze van Batenburg

Abraham Jacob van Imbyze van Batenburg (1753 in Breda, Netherlands – 9 October 1806 in Barbados) was a Dutch governor of Berbice and Essequibo (Guyana) during the period 1789-1806.

History of Guyana

Guyanese historyGuyana Dutch settlers
* History of Guyana
Although under the general jurisdiction of this private group, the settlement, named Berbice, was governed separately.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
Berbice is a region along the Berbice River in Guyana, which was between 1627 and 1815 a colony of the Netherlands.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
After having been ceded to the United Kingdom in the latter year, it was merged with Essequibo and Demerara to form the colony of British Guiana in 1831.

Society of Suriname

Society of SurinamSociëteit van SurinameCompany of Surinam
After being a hereditary fief in the possession of the Van Peere family, the colony was governed by the Society of Berbice in the second half of the colonial period, akin to the neighbouring colony of Suriname, which was governed by the Society of Suriname.

Vlissingen

FlushingFlushing, NetherlandsFlessingue
Berbice was settled in 1627 by the businessman Abraham van Peere from Vlissingen, under the suzerainty of the Dutch West India Company.

Second Anglo-Dutch War

SecondSecond Dutch WarSecond Anglo–Dutch War
Little is known about the early years of the colony, other than that it succeeded in repelling an English attack in 1665 in the Second Anglo-Dutch War.

Fief

fiefdomfeeseigneurie
This was resolved when on 14 September 1678 a charter was signed which established Berbice as a hereditary fief of the Dutch West India Company, in the possession of the Van Peere family.