Berlin

Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest BerlinBerlin, Germany.(East) BerlinBerlin, BerlinBerlinerBerlin’sCity of BerlinCity State of Berlin
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.wikipedia
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Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.
Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.

States of Germany

statefederal statestates
The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states.
With an emphasis on geographical conditions, Berlin and Hamburg are frequently called Stadtstaaten (city-states), as is the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which in fact includes the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.

Potsdam

DrewitzMarquardtPotsdam, Germany
It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam.
It directly borders the German capital, Berlin, and is part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region.

Spandau

Berlin-SpandauBorough of SpandauFinkenkrug
Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau. Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878).
Spandau is the westernmost of the twelve boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin, situated at the confluence of the Havel and Spree rivers and extending along the western bank of Havel.

Metropolitan regions in Germany

metropolitan regionmetropolitan region in Germanyfourth largest metropolitan area in Germany
The two cities are at the center of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which is, with 6,004,857 (2015) inhabitants and an area of 30,370 square km, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.
Using a narrower definition of metropolises, only four cities surpass the threshold of at least one million inhabitants within its administrative borders, namely: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne.

Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region

BerlinBerlin-BrandenburgBerlin / Brandenburg Metropolitan Region
The two cities are at the center of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which is, with 6,004,857 (2015) inhabitants and an area of 30,370 square km, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.
The Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region (Metropolregion Berlin/Brandenburg, also Hauptstadtregion Berlin-Brandenburg) is one of eleven metropolitan regions of Germany, consisting of the entire territories of the city-state of Berlin and the surrounding state of Brandenburg.

Brandenburg

State of BrandenburgBBBR
It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam.
Brandenburg surrounds the national capital and city-state of Berlin, which together form the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, the third-largest metropolitan area in Germany.

West Berlin

WestBerlinWest-Berlin
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.
West Berlin (Berlin (West) or colloquially West-Berlin) was a political enclave which comprised the western part of Berlin during the years of the Cold War.

Kingdom of Prussia

PrussiaPrussianPrussians
First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945).
Although it took its name from the region called Prussia, it was based in the Margraviate of Brandenburg, where its capital was Berlin.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial German
First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945).
Berlin remained its capital, and Otto von Bismarck remained Chancellor, the head of government.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.

German reunification

reunificationreunification of Germanyreunified
Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity (Deutsche Einheit), celebrated on 3 October (German Unity Day) (Tag der deutschen Einheit).

Tourism in Germany

tourismtourist destinationGerman Trade Fairs
The metropolis is a popular tourist destination.
From the late 18th century onwards, cities like Dresden, Munich, Weimar and Berlin were major stops on a European Grand tour.

East Berlin

BerlinEastSoviet sector of Berlin
East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capital.
It was in the Soviet sector of Berlin, established in 1945.

West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermany
After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.
This situation ended when East Germany was dissolved and split into five states, which then joined the ten states of the Federal Republic of Germany along with the reunified city-state of Berlin.

Margraviate of Brandenburg

BrandenburgMargrave of BrandenburgMargraves of Brandenburg
First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945).
In 1417, Frederick I moved its capital from Brandenburg an der Havel to Berlin.

Berlin Zoological Garden

Berlin ZooZoological GardenZoo
Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide.
Opened in 1844 it covers 35 ha and is located in Berlin's Tiergarten.

Bonn

Bonn, GermanyBonn-BeuelBonn, West Germany
East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capital.
Berlin was re-affirmed by the Bundestag in Bonn as the capital of Germany, though due to the country's division a seat of government was maintained there - only in the eastern half - solely by the German Democratic Republic.

Dahme (river)

DahmeRiver Dahme
Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee).
The Dahme is a river that flows through the German states of Brandenburg and Berlin.

Steglitz-Zehlendorf

Steglitzborough of Steglitz-ZehlendorfDahlem neighborhood
Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878).
Steglitz-Zehlendorf is the sixth borough of Berlin, formed in Berlin's 2001 administrative reform by merging the former boroughs of Steglitz and Zehlendorf.

Pankow

Berlin-PankowBorough of PankowBerlin Pankow
Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878).
Pankow is the most populous and the second-largest borough of Berlin.

Marzahn-Hellersdorf

Berlin-MarzahnM-HMarzahn Hellersdorf
Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878).
Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the tenth borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Marzahn and Hellersdorf.

Treptow-Köpenick

Berlin-SchmöckwitzKöpenick-TreptowT-K
Of Berlin's twelve boroughs, five bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Pankow (the most populous), Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Treptow-Köpenick and Spandau (named Spandow until 1878).
Treptow-Köpenick is the ninth borough of Berlin, Germany, formed in Berlin's 2001 administrative reform by merging the former boroughs of Treptow and Köpenick.

Altglienicke

1 zoneGlienicke
Of its ninety-six neighborhoods, twenty-two bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Altglienicke, Alt-Treptow, Britz, Buch, Buckow, Gatow, Karow, Kladow, Köpenick, Lankwitz, Lübars, Malchow, Marzahn, Pankow, Prenzlauer Berg, Rudow, Schmöckwitz, Spandau, Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow, Steglitz, Tegel and Zehlendorf.
Altglienicke is a locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the district (Bezirk) of Treptow-Köpenick.

Spandau (locality)

SpandauBerlin-Spandau4 zones
Of its ninety-six neighborhoods, twenty-two bear a (partly) Slavic-derived name: Altglienicke, Alt-Treptow, Britz, Buch, Buckow, Gatow, Karow, Kladow, Köpenick, Lankwitz, Lübars, Malchow, Marzahn, Pankow, Prenzlauer Berg, Rudow, Schmöckwitz, Spandau, Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow, Steglitz, Tegel and Zehlendorf.
Spandau is a locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the homonymous borough (Bezirk) of Spandau.