Blackthorn, Prunus spinosa
Rubus berries have been cultivated by crossbreeding to create a diverse range of brambleberries with desirable traits
Cloudberry, common flowering plant in the cool temperate regions, alpine and arctic tundra and boreal forest.
Example of color contrast in (mostly inedible) wild berries
Mixed frozen berries
A slice of blueberry pie
Elderberry jam on bread
Various dried berries
Japanese barberries
Red currants
Highbush blueberries

Small, pulpy, and often edible fruit.

- Berry

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Fruit anatomy

Plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit.

Longitudinal section of a female flower of a squash plant (courgette), showing the ovary, ovules, pistil and petals
Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
A schematic picture of an orange hesperidium
A segment of an orange that has been opened to show the pulp (juice vesicles) of the endocarp
Almond endocarp

The types of fleshy fruits are berries, pomes, and drupes.

Berry (botany)

Fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.

Redcurrants, a type of berry derived from a simple (one-carpel) inferior ovary
Kiwifruit, a berry derived from a compound (many carpellate) superior ovary
Diagram of a grape berry, showing the pericarp and its layers
Coffee cherries (Coffea arabica) – described as drupes or berries
Cross-section of a cucumber pepo (Cucumis sativus)
Yew "berries" are female conifer cones.
Some fruits classified as bacca (berries) by Gaertner (De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum, Tab. 28)
Flowers and berries of Cestrum tomentosum
A type of sapote fruit displayed for sale (Quararibea cordata)
Bottle gourd or calabash used to contain palm wine in Bandundu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Mandarins, here served in a Hong Kong restaurant, are among the oldest cultivated citrus fruits.
Four banana and plantain cultivars

In everyday English, a "berry" is any small edible fruit.


Genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae, native to the Americas, cultivated worldwide for their chili pepper or bell pepper fruit.

A small capsicum plant
Red peppers in Cachi, Argentina air-drying before being processed into powder
An arrangement of chilis, including jalapeno, banana, cayenne, and habanero peppers.
Chili peppers
Crushed red pepper
C. annuum cultivars
thumb|Capsicum annum L. var. fasciculatum Irish.
thumb|Capsicum annum L. var. fasciculatum Irish.
A variety of coloured Capsicum
Peperoncini (C. annuum)
Peperoncini in kebab restaurant
Cayenne pepper (C. annuum)
Compact plant of orange Capsicum
Habanero chili (C. chinense Jacquin)- plant with flower and fruit
Scotch bonnet (C. chinense) in a Caribbean market
Scotch bonnet
Thai peppers (C. annuum)
Fresh Indian green chillies in Bangalore market
Piri piri (C. frutescens 'African Devil')
Naga jolokia Chilli (bhut jolokia) (C. chinense x C. frutescens)
C. annuum flower
C. annum flower close up
Green, yellow, and red capsicum
The flower of red hot bangi pepper, Malaysia
A small but very hot Capsicum in Malaysia
Peperoni cruschi, dried and crispy Capsicum from Basilicata
Capsicum in Bangladesh
Naga Morich in Bangladesh

The fruit (technically berries in the strict botanical sense) of Capsicum plants have a variety of names depending on place and type.


Blackcurrant in the mountains of Zakamensky district of Buryatia, Russia
Blackcurrant flowers
Green currant is a variant of blackcurrant cultivated in Finland. Its berries lack a dark color and an almost completely the strong aroma typical of blackcurrant. This cultivar is 'Vertti'.
Willem Claesz. Heda: The Blackcurrant Pie (1641), Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg
In Lithuanian cuisine, Juodųjų serbentų pyragas, or blackcurrant pie, is a popular dessert.

The blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum), also known as black currant or cassis, is a deciduous shrub in the family Grossulariaceae grown for its edible berries.


Edible fruit of a number of species of trees in the genus Diospyros.

A store-bought oriental persimmon
Two oriental persimmon fruits
American persimmon female flower
A tree heavily laden with oriental persimmons
Lotus persimmon (Diospyros lotus) fruit on branch
Oriental persimmon tree with fruit – Wanju County, South Korea
A whole Jiro persimmon fruit and a cross-section
Diospyros lotus fruit
velvet-apples in South Kalimantan
An oriental persimmon harvested while still unripe
Persimmon leaves
American persimmon leaves in autumn
Ripe kaki, soft enough to remove the calyx and split the fruit for eating
Peeled, flattened, and dried oriental persimmons (shìbǐng) in a Xi'an market
Kaki preserved in limewater
Hoshigaki, Japanese dried oriental persimmon
dangam kkakdugi
Japanese persimmons hung to dry after fall harvest
Comparison of hachiya cultivar and jiro cultivar kaki persimmon size
An example of persimmon wood furniture
Japanese persimmon (cultivar 'Hachiya') – watercolor 1887
Texas Persimmon (Diospyros texana)

Like the tomato, persimmons are not commonly considered to be berries, but morphologically the fruit is in fact a berry.


Common name for many species of Ribes (which also includes currants), as well as a large number of plants of similar appearance.

Green gooseberries
Red berries of Ribes uva-crispa
Ribes uva-crispa in Thomé's Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz (1885). Note the distinctive curl of the flower petals.
Ribes uva-crispa, blossoming in Latvia
Sectioned gooseberries showing seeds

However, the Oxford English Dictionary takes the more literal derivation from goose and berry as probable because "the grounds on which plants and fruits have received names associating them with animals are so often inexplicable that the inappropriateness in the meaning does not necessarily give good grounds for believing that the word is an etymological corruption".


Indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin, and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrena) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.

Diagram of a typical drupe (peach), showing both fruit and seed
The development sequence of a typical drupe, a smooth-skinned (nectarine) type of peach (Prunus persica) over a 7 1⁄2-month period, from bud formation in early winter to fruit ripening in midsummer
Assorted drupes
The peach is a typical drupe (stone fruit)
'Elena', a freestone prune plum
The pit of a nectarine
Unripe drupes of black pepper
'Black Butte' blackberry, a bramble fruit of aggregated drupelets
A ripe areca nut
Ginkgo "fruits", often noted as drupe-like

Such fruits are often termed berries, although botanists use a different definition of berry.

Phytolacca americana

Poisonous, herbaceous perennial plant in the pokeweed family Phytolaccaceae.

Pokeweed berries
A cluster of Pokeweed berries
Woman preparing poke salad

The flowers are green to white, followed by berries which ripen through red to purple to almost black which are a food source for songbirds such as gray catbird, northern mockingbird, northern cardinal, and brown thrasher, as well as other birds and some small animals (i.e., to species that are unaffected by its mammalian toxins).


Colored substance that chemically bonds to the substrate to which it is being applied.

Chemical structure of indigo dye, the blue coloration of blue jeans. Once extracted from plants, indigo dye is almost exclusively synthesized industrially.
Yarn drying after being dyed in the early American tradition, at Conner Prairie living history museum.
Dyeing wool cloth, 1482: from a French translation of Bartolomaeus Anglicus
Historical collection of over 10,000 dyes at Technical University Dresden, Germany
RIT brand dye from mid-20th century Mexico, part of the permanent collection of the Museo del Objeto del Objeto
A woman dyeing her hair.

The majority of natural dyes are derived from non-animal sources: roots, berries, bark, leaves, wood, fungi and lichens.


Seed-bearing structure in flowering plants that is formed from the ovary after flowering.

Culinary fruits
Caraway fruits. A common mistake is to call these and similar ones "seeds".
Pomegranate display of the exocarp (right) and seeds and edible sarcotesta (left)
An arrangement of fruits commonly thought of as culinary vegetables, including corn (maize), tomatoes, and various squash
The development sequence of a typical drupe, the nectarine (Prunus persica) over a 7.5 month period, from bud formation in early winter to fruit ripening in midsummer (see [[:File:Nectarine Fruit Development.jpg|image page]] for further information)
The parts of a flower, showing the stigma-style-ovary system.
An apple is a simple fleshy fruit. Key parts are the epicarp, or exocarp, or outer skin, (not labelled); and the mezocarp and endocarp (labelled).
Insertion point: There are 3 positions of insertion of the ovary at the base of a flower: I superior; II half-inferior; III inferior. The 'insertion point' is where the androecium parts (a), the petals (p), and the sepals (s) all converge and attach to the receptacle (r). (Ovary= gynoecium (g).)
In the noni, flowers are produced in time-sequence along the stem. It is possible to see a progression of flowering, fruit development, and fruit ripening.
Dewberry flowers. Note the multiple pistils, each of which will produce a drupelet. Each flower will become a blackberry-like aggregate fruit.
Dewberry fruit
A dry simple fruit: milkweed (Asclepias syriaca); dehiscence of the follicular fruit reveals seeds within.
Fruits of four different banana cultivars (Bananas are berries.)
Strawberry, showing achenes attached to surface. Botanically, strawberries are not berries; they are classified as an aggregate accessory fruit.
Flower of Magnolia × wieseneri showing the many pistils making up the gynoecium in the middle of the flower. The fruit of this flower is an aggregation of follicles.
Detail of the raspberry flower: there is a clustering of pistils at the center of the flower. (A pistil consists of stigma, style, and ovary.) The stigma is the apical (at the apex) nodule that receives pollen; the style is the stem-like column that extends down to the ovary, which is the basal part that contains the seed-forming ovule.
Lilium unripe capsule fruit; an aggregate fruit.
The fruit of a pineapple includes tissue from the sepals as well as the pistils of many flowers. It is a multiple-accessory fruit.
Picking blackberries in Oklahoma
Comparing fresh fruits for fiber, potassium (K), and vitamin C. Each disk-point refers to a 100 g serving of the fresh fruit named. The size of the disk represents the amount of fiber (as percentage of the recommended daily allowance, RDA) in a serving of fruit (see key at upper right). The amount of vitamin C (as percent RDA) is plotted on the x–axis and the amount of potassium (K), in mg on the y–axis. + Bananas are high in value for fiber and potassium, and oranges for fiber and vitamin C. (Apricots are highest in potassium; strawberries are rich in vitamin C.) Watermelon, providing low levels of both K and vitamin C and almost no fiber, is of least value for the three nutrients together.
Porcelain vine is usually planted for its showy, colourful berries.

Annona species: an etaerio of berries.