Berry (botany)

berryberriespepobotanical berrytrue berriesberry-likeberry (grape)epigynous berriesindehiscent fruitpepos
In botany, a berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.wikipedia
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Grape

grapeswine grapewhite grape
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries. Grape, Vitis vinifera in the family Vitaceae
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.

Tomato

tomatoestomato plantgreen tomato
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries. Aubergine/Eggplant, tomato, goji berries (wolfberry) and other species of the family Solanaceae
The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, berry of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.

Strawberry

strawberriesgarden strawberryFragaria'' × ''ananassa
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries. Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) (not to be confused with the strawberry (Fragaria), which is an accessory fruit), bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.), bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, lingonberry/cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), crowberry (Empetrum spp.) (family Ericaceae)
The strawberry is not, from a botanical point of view, a berry.

Drupe

stone fruitdrupesdrupaceous
In botany, a berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.
The definitive characteristic of a drupe is that the hard, "lignified" stone (or pit) is derived from the ovary wall of the flower—in an aggregate fruit composed of small, individual drupes (such as a raspberry), each individual is termed a drupelet and may together form a botanic berry.

Cucumber

cucumbersIndian cucumbercucumis sativus
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries. Pumpkin, cucumber and watermelon in the family Cucurbitaceae
Botanically speaking, the cucumber is classified as a pepo, a type of botanical berry with a hard outer rind and no internal divisions.

Atropa belladonna

belladonnadeadly nightshadebelladona
Many berries are edible, but others, such as the fruits of the potato and the deadly nightshade, are poisonous to humans.
The foliage and berries are extremely toxic when ingested, containing tropane alkaloids.

Berry

berriessoft fruitwild berries
In everyday English, a "berry" is any small edible fruit.
In scientific terminology, a berry is a fruit produced from the ovary of a single flower in which the outer layer of the ovary wall develops into an edible fleshy portion (pericarp).

Avocado

avocadosaguacateAvocado Pears
Avocado contains a single large seed surrounded by an imperceptible endocarp.
The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.

Fruit

fruitsseed podfruiting
In botany, a berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone produced from a single flower containing one ovary.
berry – (e.g., cranberry, gooseberry, redcurrant, tomato)

Cranberry

cranberriescranberry bogcranberry bogs
Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) (not to be confused with the strawberry (Fragaria), which is an accessory fruit), bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.), bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, lingonberry/cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), crowberry (Empetrum spp.) (family Ericaceae)
The fruit is a berry that is larger than the leaves of the plant; it is initially light green, turning red when ripe.

Eggplant

auberginebrinjalaubergines
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries. Aubergine/Eggplant, tomato, goji berries (wolfberry) and other species of the family Solanaceae
The spongy, absorbent fruit of the plant is widely used in cooking in many different cuisines, and is often considered a vegetable, even though it is a berry by botanical definition.

Blueberry

blueberriesWild Blueberryblueberry jam
Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) (not to be confused with the strawberry (Fragaria), which is an accessory fruit), bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.), bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, lingonberry/cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), crowberry (Empetrum spp.) (family Ericaceae)
The fruit is a berry 5 - 16 mm in diameter with a flared crown at the end; they are pale greenish at first, then reddish-purple, and finally dark purple when ripe.

Coffea

coffeecoffee plantcoffee plants
coffee berries (Rubiaceae) (also described as drupes)
The trees produce edible red or purple fruits called "cherries" that are described either as epigynous berries or as indehiscent drupes.

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

lingonberrylingonberriescowberry
Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) (not to be confused with the strawberry (Fragaria), which is an accessory fruit), bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.), bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, lingonberry/cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), crowberry (Empetrum spp.) (family Ericaceae)
The fruit is a red berry 6 - 10 mm across, with an acidic taste, ripening in late summer to autumn.

Rubiaceae

coffee familycoffeerubiaceous
coffee berries (Rubiaceae) (also described as drupes)
The fruit is a berry, capsule (e.g. Oldenlandia), drupe (e.g. Psychotria), or schizocarp (e.g. Cremocarpon). Red fruits are fairly dominant (e.g. Coffea arabica); yellow (e.g. Rosenbergiodendron formosum), orange (e.g. Vangueria infausta), or blackish fruits (e.g. Pavetta gardeniifolia) are equally common; blue fruits are rather exceptional save in the Psychotrieae and associated tribes.

Vitis vinifera

viniferawine grapesgrapes
Grape, Vitis vinifera in the family Vitaceae
The fruit is a berry, known as a grape; in the wild species it is 6 mm diameter and ripens dark purple to blackish with a pale wax bloom; in cultivated plants it is usually much larger, up to 3 cm long, and can be green, red, or purple (black).

Berberis

barberrybarberriescalafate
Barberry (Berberis), Oregon-grape (Mahonia aquifolium) and mayapple (Podophyllum spp.) (Berberidaceae)
The fruit is a small berry 5 – long, ripening red or dark blue, often with a pink or violet waxy surface bloom; in some species, they may be long and narrow, but are spherical in other species.

Gooseberry

gooseberriesR. uva-crispaIndian Goosberry
Gooseberry and currant (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae), red, black, and white types
The fruit are berries, smaller in wild gooseberries than the cultivated varieties, but often of good flavour; it is generally hairy, but in one variety, smooth constituting the R. uva-crispa of writers.

Honeysuckle

honeysucklesLonicerabush honeysuckle
Honeysuckle: the berries of some species are edible and are called honeyberries, but others are poisonous (Lonicera spp.; Caprifoliaceae)
The fruit is a red, blue or black spherical or elongated berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but in a few (notably Lonicera caerulea) they are edible and grown for home use and commerce.

Cucurbitaceae

cucurbitscucurbitgourd family
Pumpkin, cucumber and watermelon in the family Cucurbitaceae
The fruit is often a kind of modified berry called a pepo.

Vaccinium

blueberryblueberriesbilberries
This distinguishes, for example, a Vaccinium or Solanum berry from an Adansonia (baobab) amphisarca, which has a dry, more rigid and self-supporting skin.
The fruit develops from an inferior ovary, and is a berry; it is usually brightly coloured, often being red or bluish with purple juice.

Hesperidium

hesperidiafruitlike the flesh
The fruit of citrus, such as the orange, kumquat and lemon, is a berry with a thick rind and a very juicy interior divided into segments by septa, that is given the special name "hesperidium".
A hesperidium (plural hesperidia) is a modified berry with a tough, leathery rind.

Watermelon

watermelonswater melonCitrullus lanatus'' var. ''lanatus
Pumpkin, cucumber and watermelon in the family Cucurbitaceae
Watermelon is grown in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide for its large edible fruit, also known as a watermelon, which is a special kind of berry with a hard rind and no internal division, botanically called a pepo. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties have been cultivated.

Solanaceae

nightshadenightshade familysolanaceous
Aubergine/Eggplant, tomato, goji berries (wolfberry) and other species of the family Solanaceae
The fruit can be a berry as in the case of the tomato or wolfberry a dehiscent capsule as in Datura, or a drupe.