Bessonneau hangar

Bessonneau HangarsBessonneau canvas hangars
The Bessonneau hangar was a portable timber and canvas aircraft hangar used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) during World War I (WW1, or the 'Great War').wikipedia
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Hangar

aircraft hangarhangar deckhangars
The Bessonneau hangar was a portable timber and canvas aircraft hangar used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) during World War I (WW1, or the 'Great War').
As aviation became established in Britain before World War I, standard designs of hangar gradually appeared with military types too such as the Bessonneau hangar and the side-opening aeroplane shed of 1913, both of which were soon adopted by the Royal Flying Corps.

Royal Flying Corps

RFCairmanBritish Royal Flying Corps
The Bessonneau hangar was a portable timber and canvas aircraft hangar used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) during World War I (WW1, or the 'Great War').
There were up to 12 canvas Bessonneau hangars as the aircraft, constructed from wood, wire and fabric, were liable to weather damage.

RAF Cleave

Many Bessonneau hangars were also subsequently used by the fledgling Royal Air Force (RAF) as temporary structures until more permanent facilities could be built; one such location was RAF Cleave in Cornwall.
Aircraft were initially housed in temporary Bessonneau hangars (type H of World War I vintage), and later replaced by more permanent structures.

Royal Naval Air Service

RNASRNAS Armoured Car SectionRoyal Naval Air Service Armoured Car Section
The Bessonneau hangar was a portable timber and canvas aircraft hangar used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) during World War I (WW1, or the 'Great War').

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
The Bessonneau hangar was a portable timber and canvas aircraft hangar used by the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) during World War I (WW1, or the 'Great War').

Royal Air Force

RAFairmanBritish
Many Bessonneau hangars were also subsequently used by the fledgling Royal Air Force (RAF) as temporary structures until more permanent facilities could be built; one such location was RAF Cleave in Cornwall.

1908 in the United Kingdom

19081908 in England
In about 1908, the Bessonneau hangar was designed and manufactured by the French rope and canvas manufacturer Établissements Bessonneau (fr), headed by Julien Bessonneau (1842–1916), and based at Angers.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
In about 1908, the Bessonneau hangar was designed and manufactured by the French rope and canvas manufacturer Établissements Bessonneau (fr), headed by Julien Bessonneau (1842–1916), and based at Angers.

Angers

angevinAngiers, Francehistory
In about 1908, the Bessonneau hangar was designed and manufactured by the French rope and canvas manufacturer Établissements Bessonneau (fr), headed by Julien Bessonneau (1842–1916), and based at Angers.

Maine-et-Loire

4949 - Maine-et-LoireDepartment of Maine-et-Loire
The hangar, then referred to as a Bessonneau tent, was first used in the area of Maine-et-Loire, and in 1910, specifically employed to protect aircraft participating in a race from Angers to Saumur.

Air racing

racing aircraftair raceracing
The hangar, then referred to as a Bessonneau tent, was first used in the area of Maine-et-Loire, and in 1910, specifically employed to protect aircraft participating in a race from Angers to Saumur.

Saumur

Governor of SaumurSaumur Artillery SchoolSaumur Cavalry School
The hangar, then referred to as a Bessonneau tent, was first used in the area of Maine-et-Loire, and in 1910, specifically employed to protect aircraft participating in a race from Angers to Saumur.

Great Britain

BritishBritainGBR
In World War I, the design was adopted by the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) to house aircraft in both Great Britain and France.

1917 in the United Kingdom

1917
From about 1917, Bessonneau hangars were increasingly used for temporary protection for RFC aircraft pending construction and development of permanent hangars.

Air Training Corps

Air CadetsATCAir Cadet
After World War II, British military use of Bessonneau hangars continued for the purpose of storing powered aircraft and gliders operated by the Air Training Corps ('Air Cadets'), until about 1990, and the last spare parts were disposed of by RAF Stafford circa 1988.

1990 in the United Kingdom

1990
After World War II, British military use of Bessonneau hangars continued for the purpose of storing powered aircraft and gliders operated by the Air Training Corps ('Air Cadets'), until about 1990, and the last spare parts were disposed of by RAF Stafford circa 1988.

RAF Stafford

MOD StaffordRoyal Air Force Stafford
After World War II, British military use of Bessonneau hangars continued for the purpose of storing powered aircraft and gliders operated by the Air Training Corps ('Air Cadets'), until about 1990, and the last spare parts were disposed of by RAF Stafford circa 1988.

1988 in the United Kingdom

1988
After World War II, British military use of Bessonneau hangars continued for the purpose of storing powered aircraft and gliders operated by the Air Training Corps ('Air Cadets'), until about 1990, and the last spare parts were disposed of by RAF Stafford circa 1988.

Aerodrome

airstripairfieldairfields
A few Bessonneau hangars then briefly survived with gliding clubs for military personnel at airfields such as Kenley, but they typically succumbed to bad weather - as happened to one of the last survivors at RAF Odiham circa 2010 - and inadequate maintenance and support.

Kenley

Kenley Common
A few Bessonneau hangars then briefly survived with gliding clubs for military personnel at airfields such as Kenley, but they typically succumbed to bad weather - as happened to one of the last survivors at RAF Odiham circa 2010 - and inadequate maintenance and support.

RAF Odiham

OdihamOdiham Airfield
A few Bessonneau hangars then briefly survived with gliding clubs for military personnel at airfields such as Kenley, but they typically succumbed to bad weather - as happened to one of the last survivors at RAF Odiham circa 2010 - and inadequate maintenance and support.

2010 in the United Kingdom

2010
A few Bessonneau hangars then briefly survived with gliding clubs for military personnel at airfields such as Kenley, but they typically succumbed to bad weather - as happened to one of the last survivors at RAF Odiham circa 2010 - and inadequate maintenance and support.

Stanchion

stanchionsmetal pole
Vertical stanchions supported roof trusses, with extensively triangulated ties and beams.

Truss

trusseslenticular trusschord
Vertical stanchions supported roof trusses, with extensively triangulated ties and beams.

Flying buttress

flying buttressesbuttressesflying
Wooden flying buttresses were applied to the sides and rear, to ensure rigidity, and ropes were used to tie down the whole structure onto steel pickets driven into the ground.