Bhagat Singh Thind

Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S.wikipedia
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Sikhism in the United States

Sikh AmericanSikhismSikh community
Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and was involved in an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship.
Sikhs have served in the United States military at least as far back as the early 20th century, when one Bhagat Singh Thind, who though not a citizen joined the United States Army and served in World War I.

United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind

ThindThind'' decisionU.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind
In 1923, the Supreme Court ruled against him in the case United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, which retroactively denied all Indian-Americans born abroad to attain U.S. citizenship for failing to meet the definition of white person, "person of African descent", or an "alien of African nativity".
United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, 261 U.S. 204 (1923), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously decided that Bhagat Singh Thind, an Indian Sikh man who identified himself as a "high caste aryan, of full Indian blood," was racially ineligible for naturalized citizenship in the United States.

Indian Americans

Indian AmericanIndian-AmericanIndian
In 1923, the Supreme Court ruled against him in the case United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, which retroactively denied all Indian-Americans born abroad to attain U.S. citizenship for failing to meet the definition of white person, "person of African descent", or an "alien of African nativity".

Taragarh Talawa

Born on October 3, 1892, in the village of Taragarh Talawa of Amritsar district in the state of Punjab in India, listed as number 68 in this record.
Bhagat Singh Thind, PhD, (3 October 1892 – 15 September 1967) was an Indian-American Sikh writer and lecturer on spirituality who initiated an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship: United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind.

Thind

Sikhs in the United States military

Military history of Sikh Americans
*Military history of Sikh Americans
One of the earliest Sikh soldiers in the American military was Bhagat Singh Thind, who although not a U.S. citizen joined the United States Army and served in World War I. Bhagat Singh Thind was the first Sikh in US military service to be granted the right to wear a turban while on active duty in the US Army.

Spirituality

spiritualspirituallyspiritual life
Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and was involved in an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship.

United States Army

U.S. ArmyUS ArmyArmy
Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and was involved in an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and was involved in an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship.

Indian people

IndianIndiansIndia
Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and was involved in an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship.

Naturalization

naturalizednaturalized citizennaturalised
After the war he sought to become a naturalized citizen, following a legal ruling that Caucasians had access to such rights.

White Americans

WhiteWhite AmericanCaucasian
After the war he sought to become a naturalized citizen, following a legal ruling that Caucasians had access to such rights.

Citizenship of the United States

United States citizenAmericanU.S. citizen
Bhagat Singh Thind (October 3, 1892 – September 15, 1967) was a Sikh Indian American writer, scientist, and lecturer on spirituality who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and was involved in an important legal battle over the rights of Indians to obtain U.S. citizenship. In 1923, the Supreme Court ruled against him in the case United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, which retroactively denied all Indian-Americans born abroad to attain U.S. citizenship for failing to meet the definition of white person, "person of African descent", or an "alien of African nativity".

White people

whitewhitesCaucasian
In 1923, the Supreme Court ruled against him in the case United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, which retroactively denied all Indian-Americans born abroad to attain U.S. citizenship for failing to meet the definition of white person, "person of African descent", or an "alien of African nativity".

Alien (law)

alienaliensforeigners
In 1923, the Supreme Court ruled against him in the case United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, which retroactively denied all Indian-Americans born abroad to attain U.S. citizenship for failing to meet the definition of white person, "person of African descent", or an "alien of African nativity".

Doctor of Philosophy

Ph.D.PhDPh.D
Thind remained in the U.S., earned his PhD in theology and English literature at the University of California, Berkeley, and delivered lectures in metaphysics.

Theology

theologiantheologicaltheologians
Thind remained in the U.S., earned his PhD in theology and English literature at the University of California, Berkeley, and delivered lectures in metaphysics.

English literature

EnglishJacobeanCaroline
Thind remained in the U.S., earned his PhD in theology and English literature at the University of California, Berkeley, and delivered lectures in metaphysics.

Metaphysics

metaphysicalmetaphysicianmetaphysic
Thind remained in the U.S., earned his PhD in theology and English literature at the University of California, Berkeley, and delivered lectures in metaphysics.

Sikhism

SikhSikhsSikh religion
Basing his lessons on Sikh religious philosophy, he enhanced his lectures with references to the scriptures of several religions and the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Henry David Thoreau.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

EmersonEmersonianRalph Emerson
Basing his lessons on Sikh religious philosophy, he enhanced his lectures with references to the scriptures of several religions and the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Henry David Thoreau.

Walt Whitman

WhitmanWhitmanesqueWalter Whitman
Basing his lessons on Sikh religious philosophy, he enhanced his lectures with references to the scriptures of several religions and the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Henry David Thoreau.

Henry David Thoreau

ThoreauHenry ThoreauHenry D. Thoreau
Basing his lessons on Sikh religious philosophy, he enhanced his lectures with references to the scriptures of several religions and the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Henry David Thoreau.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Born on October 3, 1892, in the village of Taragarh Talawa of Amritsar district in the state of Punjab in India, listed as number 68 in this record. He campaigned for the independence of India from the British Empire.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
He campaigned for the independence of India from the British Empire.