A report on Ganges and Bhagirathi River

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
The turbulent Bhagirathi as it enters Devprayag.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
The Bhagirathi (foreground) on its way to meet the sediment-laden Alaknanda, and to flow on as the Ganges.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
Another view of the confluence at Devprayag.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
Tehri Dam, the 5th tallest dam in the world
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

The Bhāgīrathī (Pron: /ˌbʌgɪˈɹɑːθɪ/) is a turbulent Himalayan river in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and one of the two headstreams of the Ganges, the major river of Northern India and the holy river of Hinduism.

- Bhagirathi River

The main stem of the Ganges begins at the town of Devprayag, at the confluence of the Alaknanda, which is the source stream in hydrology on account of its greater length, and the Bhagirathi, which is considered the source stream in Hindu mythology.

- Ganges

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A small shrine at Gaumukh, Gangotri glacier.

Gomukh

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A small shrine at Gaumukh, Gangotri glacier.
Gomukh, terminus of the Gangotri glacier. The Bhagirathi peaks rise in the background.
Snout point of Gongotri Glacier, Gomukh

Gomukh, also known as "Gaumukh" or "Gomukhi" (Hindi: गौमुख or गौमुखी ; Assamese and Bengali: গোমুখ or গোমুখী), is the terminus or pout of the Gangotri Glacier and the source of the Bhagirathi River, one of the primary headstreams of the Ganga River.

Gomukh

Gangotri Glacier

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Located in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand, India in a region bordering Tibet.

Located in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand, India in a region bordering Tibet.

Gomukh
A small shrine at Gaumukh, Gangotri glacier.
Retreat of Gangotri Glacier

This glacier, one of the primary sources of the Ganges, is one of the largest in the Himalayas with an estimated volume of over 27 cubic kilometers.

Gomukh, which is about 19 km from the town of Gangotri, is the precise source of the Bhagirathi river, an important tributary of the Ganges.

Gangotri

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Town and a Nagar Panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Town and a Nagar Panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Bhagirathi River and Himalayas in Gangotri, Uttarakhand
Gaumukh, source of the Ganges above Gangotri
Brahma Kamal Saussurea obvallata.<ref>Brahma Kamal</ref>

It is a Hindu pilgrim town on the banks of the river Bhagirathi – the origin of the river Ganges.

Alaknanda River

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River Alaknanda near Badrikashram
Rudraprayag - confluence of Alaknanda and Mandakini
Alaknanda river near the town of Srinagar in Uttarakhand
Alaknanda joins Bhagirathi at Devprayag to form the Ganges

The Alaknanda is a Himalayan river in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and one of the two headstreams of the Ganges, the major river of Northern India and the holy river of Hinduism.

In hydrology, the Alaknanda is considered the source stream of the Ganges on account of its greater length and discharge; however, in Hindu tradition and culture, the other headstream, the Bhagirathi, is considered the source stream.

Confluence of Alaknanda River and the Bhagirathi and the beginning of the main stem of the Ganges river, or Ganga

Devprayag

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Confluence of Alaknanda River and the Bhagirathi and the beginning of the main stem of the Ganges river, or Ganga
Confluence of the Alaknanda (left) and Bhagirathi (right) Rivers to form the Ganga at Devprayag
Devprayag after the monsoons in October 2019
The Bhagirathi (left) joins the Alaknanda (right) at Devprayag
The sediment-laden Alaknanda river flowing into Devprayag.
Devprayag the confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers. The river gets the name "Ganges" (or Ganga) beyond Devprayag
Alaknanda and Bhagirathi sangam at Devprayag. Now the river is known as Ganga

Devprayag (Deva prayāga) is a town and a nagar panchayat (municipality) in Tehri Garhwal District in the state of Uttarakhand, India, and is the final one of the Panch Prayag (five confluences) of Alaknanda River where Alaknanda meets the Bhagirathi river and both rivers thereafter flow on as the Ganges river or Ganga.

Descent of Ganga to Earth

Bhagiratha

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Descent of Ganga to Earth
Bhagiratha beneath the main spout of Sundhara, Kathmandu, Nepal
Bhagiratha on a jarun of Nag Pokhari, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Bhagiratha beneath the stone spout of Lamugah Hiti, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Bhagiratha on a jarun at Taumadhi Square, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Bhagiratha beneath a gargoyle at the Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur, India
Shiva Gangadhara, Parvati, Bhagiratha (left) at the Ravana Phadi Cave, Aihole, India
Bhageeratha statue in Hyderabad, India

Bhagiratha (Sanskrit: भगीरथ, Bhagīratha) is a legendary king of the Ikshvaku dynasty who brings the Sacred River Ganges, personified as the Hindu River Goddess Ganga, to Earth, from the Heavens.

To commemorate his efforts, the head stream of the river is called Bhagirathi, till it meets Alaknanda River at Devprayag.