Bharatiya Janata Party

Ram Rath Yatra
Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India, following the 2014 Indian general election.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and U.S. President Donald Trump at the Namaste Trump rally in Ahmedabad, India on 24 February 2020
A diagram of the Structure of the Bharatiya Janata Party

The Bharatiya Janata Party (abbr.

- Bharatiya Janata Party

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Syama Prasad Mukherjee, founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh

Bharatiya Jana Sangh

Indian right wing political party that existed from 1951 to 1977 and was the political arm of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation.

Indian right wing political party that existed from 1951 to 1977 and was the political arm of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation.

Syama Prasad Mukherjee, founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh

In 1980, Jana Sangh faction broke away from Janata Party over the issue of dual membership (of the political Janata Party and the social organization RSS), and formed Bharatiya Janata Party.

Official portrait, 1998

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Indian politician and diplomat who served three terms as the prime minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, followed by a full term from 1999 to 2004.

Indian politician and diplomat who served three terms as the prime minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, followed by a full term from 1999 to 2004.

Official portrait, 1998
Foreign Minister Vajpayee (far right) and Prime Minister Morarji Desai (third from right, front row) with US President Jimmy Carter during his 1978 visit to India.
Vajpayee with Russian president Vladimir Putin on 6 November 2001
Vajpayee meeting U.S. president George W. Bush in the White House
on 9 November 2001
Vajpayee's funeral procession moving to Smriti Sthal near Raj Ghat for last rites
Prime Minister Modi at Vajpayee's memorial, Sadaiv Atal

Vajpayee was one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

National Democratic Alliance

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, first Prime Minister from NDA
Narendra Modi, second and current Prime Minister from NDA

National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is an Indian big tent political alliance led by the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

2004 Indian general election

General elections were held in India in four phases between 20 April and 10 May 2004.

General elections were held in India in four phases between 20 April and 10 May 2004.

Polling dates

On 13 May the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the lead party of the National Democratic Alliance conceded defeat.

2014 Indian general election

General elections were held in India in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May 2014 to elect the members of the 16th Lok Sabha.

General elections were held in India in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May 2014 to elect the members of the 16th Lok Sabha.

Election dates of Indian general election, 2014

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) received 31% of the vote and won 282 seats, while its National Democratic Alliance won a total of 336 seats.

Syama Prasad Mukherjee

Indian politician, barrister and academician, who served as the Minister for Industry and Supply in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet.

Indian politician, barrister and academician, who served as the Minister for Industry and Supply in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet.

(L to R sitting) B. R. Ambedkar, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Sardar Baldev Singh, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Patel, John Mathai, Jagjivan Ram, Amrit Kaur and Syama Prasad Mukherjee. (L to R standing) Khurshed Lal, R.R. Diwakar, Mohanlal Saksena, N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar, N.V. Gadgil, K. C. Neogy, Jairamdas Daulatram, K. Santhanam, Satya Narayan Sinha and B. V. Keskar.
B. R. Ambedkar (R), father of the Constitution of India, and Syama Prasad Mukherjee (L), talking on the Campus of Parliament, 1951
Syama Prasad Mukherjee on a 1978 stamp of India
Shyam Prasad Mukherjee Civic Centre – Headquarters of Municipal Corporation of Delhi
Portrait of Syama Prasad Mukherjee in Parliament of India

With the help of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, he founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the predecessor to the Bharatiya Janata Party, in 1951.

Portrait of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of Maratha Empire.

Hindu nationalism

Hindu nationalism has been collectively referred to as the expression of social and political thought, based on the native spiritual and cultural traditions of the Indian subcontinent.

Hindu nationalism has been collectively referred to as the expression of social and political thought, based on the native spiritual and cultural traditions of the Indian subcontinent.

Portrait of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of Maratha Empire.
Maharajadhiraja Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723-1775), King of Nepal, he propagated the ideals of Hindu text Dharmashastra as ruling ideology
Jung Bahadur Kunwar Rana commissioned the first civil code Muluki Ain in 1854 A.D. based on traditional Hindu law and prioritized Tagadhari castes before Matwalis and Dalits
Maharishi Dayananda Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj, on a 1962 stamp of India.
Swami Vivekananda on the Platform of the Parliament of the World's Religions.
Sri Aurobindo was an Indian philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist.
A rare photograph of Lala Lajpat Rai of Punjab, Bal Gangadhar Tilak of Maharashtra, and Bipin Chandra Pal of Bengal, the triumvirate were popularly known as Lal Bal Pal, who changed the political discourse of the Indian independence movement.
Mahatma Gandhi never called himself a Hindu nationalist, but preached Hindu Dharma.
Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the most prominent leaders and highly respected independence fighters from Bengal in the Indian independence movement.
Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, the founding Sarsanghachalak (or "Supreme Executive") of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
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Syama Prasad Mukherjee, who founded Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Jana Sangh, on a 1978 stamp of India.

It is championed by the Hindu Nationalist volunteer organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and other organisations in an ecosystem called the Sangh Parivar.

1998 Indian general election

General elections were held in India on 16, 22 and 28 February 1998 to elect the members of the 12th Lok Sabha.

General elections were held in India on 16, 22 and 28 February 1998 to elect the members of the 12th Lok Sabha.

However, Atal Bihari Vajpayee of the Bharatiya Janata Party was able to form a coalition government led by the National Democratic Alliance with the support of the Telugu Desam Party.

L. K. Advani

Indian politician who served as the 7th Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002 to 2004.

Indian politician who served as the 7th Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002 to 2004.

L.K. Advani with Dmitry Medvedev of Russia.
Lal Krishna Advani with Condoleezza Rice in 2005
Advani discussing black money in a rally during the election campaign of 2009.

Advani is one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

Region administered by India as a union territory and consisting of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.

Region administered by India as a union territory and consisting of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962.

Topographic map of Jammu and Kashmir, with visible altitude for the Kashmir valley and Jammu region.
A high-altitude alpine lake in the Himalayan range in Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir union territory (J and K) is bordered in carmine colour. Ladakh union territory (L) is bordered in blue colour.
Srinagar railway station
NH1 near Sonamarg
University of Kashmir during autumn
The Jammu and Kashmir High Court on postal stamps of India
Apples of Kashmir are famous for their taste
Boteh from an Antique Kashmiri Dochalla Shawl
Inauguration of the first Khelo India Winter Games
Vaishno Devi Temple in winter
Shalimar Gardens
Dal Lake
Amarnath Cave

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power in the 2014 Indian general election and five years later included in their 2019 election manifesto the revocation of Article 370 of the Constitution of India, in order to bring Jammu and Kashmir to equal status with other states.