Bhimsen Thapa

Bhimsen
Bhimsen Thapa (भीमसेन थापा; August 1775 – 5 August 1839) was the Mukhtiyar (equivalent to prime minister) and de facto ruler of Nepal from 1806 to 1837.wikipedia
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Kingdom of Nepal

NepalKingdom of Gorkhamonarchy
The territorial expanse of the Gurkha empire had reached its greatest extent from Sutlej river in the west to the Teesta river in the east.
The 1806 Bhandarkhal massacre instigated upon the death of King Rana Bahadur Shah, set forth the rise of authoritative Mukhtiyar (premier) Bhimsen Thapa who became de facto ruler of Nepal from 1806 to 1837.

Mukhtiyar

Bhimsen Thapa (भीमसेन थापा; August 1775 – 5 August 1839) was the Mukhtiyar (equivalent to prime minister) and de facto ruler of Nepal from 1806 to 1837.
In 1806, the self denounced King Rana Bahadur Shah was made Mukhtiyar (chief authority) and Bhimsen Thapa tried to implement his schemes through Rana Bahadur.

Damodar Pande

After the death of Queen Tripurasundari in 1832 and the adulthood of King Rajendra, the conspiracies and infighting with the British envoy Brian Houghton Hodgson, Senior Queen Samrajya Laxmi Devi and rival courtiers (especially the Kala Pandes, who held Bhimsen Thapa responsible for the death of Damodar Pande in 1804) finally led to his imprisonment and death by suicide in 1839.
After his execution, Ranajit Pande who was his paternal cousin, was established as Mulkazi (Chief Kazi) along with Bhimsen Thapa as second Kazi, Sher Bahadur Shah as Mul Chautariya and Ranganath Paudel as Raj Guru (Royal Preceptor).

Kaji (Nepal)

KajiBada KajiKajis
In gratitude, Rana Bahadur made Bhimsen a Kaji (equivalent to a minister) of the newly formed government.
During the reign of Bhimsen Thapa, there were inner and outer circle of Kajis who acted as decision making body and military commander and governors respectively.

Bakhtawar Singh Thapa

Bakhtawar SinghBhaktabar Singh Thapa
Bhimsen Thapa had four brothers — Nain Singh, Bakhtawar Singh, Amrit Singh, and Ranbir Singh.
He acted as an aide of his brother Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa and was appointed the commander of Samar Jung Company.

Amar Singh Thapa (born 1759)

Amar Singh Thapa (Sardar)Amar Singh ThapaAmar Singh Thapa (sanu)
Bhimsen Thapa was born in August 1775 at Pipal Thok village of Gorkha district, to father Amar Singh Thapa (sanu) and mother Satyarupa Maya.
He was the father of Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa, Kaji Nain Singh Thapa, Kaji Bakhtawar Singh Thapa and acting Mukhtiyar Ranabir Singh Thapa.

Dharahara

Bhimsen TowerDharahara Tower
During his lifetime, he commissioned the building of many temples and monuments such as Dharahara known as Bhimsen Stambha ("Bhimsen Tower").
It was built in 2019 by Swapneel singh thakuri (equivalent to Prime Minister) Bhimsen Thapa under the commission of Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari and was a part of the architecture of Kathmandu recognized by UNESCO.

Brian Houghton Hodgson

HodgsonBrian HodgsonB. H. Hodgson
After the death of Queen Tripurasundari in 1832 and the adulthood of King Rajendra, the conspiracies and infighting with the British envoy Brian Houghton Hodgson, Senior Queen Samrajya Laxmi Devi and rival courtiers (especially the Kala Pandes, who held Bhimsen Thapa responsible for the death of Damodar Pande in 1804) finally led to his imprisonment and death by suicide in 1839.
He initially followed his predecessor in co-operating with Bhimsen Thapa, a minister, but later shifted allegiance to the young King Rajendra and sought to interact directly with the King.

Nain Singh Thapa

Nain SinghNayan Singh Thapa
Bhimsen Thapa had four brothers — Nain Singh, Bakhtawar Singh, Amrit Singh, and Ranbir Singh.
Nayan Singh Thapa had 4 brothers - Bhimsen Thapa, Bhaktawar Singh, Amrit Singh and Ranbir Singh and two step-brothers - Ranzawar and Ranbam.

Bir Bhadra Thapa

Birbhadra ThapaBirabhadra Thapagrandfather
His grandfather was Bir Bhadra Thapa, a courtier in Prithvi Narayan Shah's army. Bhimsen received the position of personal secretary of King Rana Bahadur from the patronage of Mulkaji Kirtiman Singh Basnyat, since both his father and grandfather were in close military affiliations with Kaji Abhiman Singh Basnyat - the uncle of Kirtiman Singh.
His grandson Bhimsen Thapa went on to become the Mukhtiyar of Nepal and founder of Thapa dynasty.

Chhetri

KshetriChhettriKhas Rajput
Bhimsen belonged to a Chhetri family of Bharadars (courtiers).
His grandson Bhimsen Thapa became Mukhtiyar (Prime Minister) of Nepal.

Anglo-Nepalese War

Gurkha WarAnglo–Nepalese WarAnglo-Gorkha war
The death of King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah in 1816 at the immature age of 17, with his heir, King Rajendra Bikram Shah being only 3 years old, along with the support from Queen Tripurasundari (the junior queen of Rana Bahadur Shah) allowed him to remain in power even after Nepal's defeat in the Anglo-Nepalese War.
Bhimsen Thapa, the Nepali prime minister from 1806 to 1837, installed his own father as governor of Palpa, leading to serious border disputes between the two powers.

Bagale Thapa

Bagāle
His ancestors were members of Bagale Thapa clan from Jumla who migrated eastwards.
John Whelpton opines that the legend of the Kunwar family's origins, which says their progenitor to have entered hill and married a daughter of Bagale Kshetri, might have linked their family to the Bagale Thapa, a clan of Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa.

Ranabir Singh Thapa

Ranbir SinghRanbir Singh Thapa
Bhimsen Thapa had four brothers — Nain Singh, Bakhtawar Singh, Amrit Singh, and Ranbir Singh.
He was the brother of Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa.

Raj Rajeshwari Devi

Queen RajeshwariRaj RajeshwariRajrajeshwori
To make sure that Girvan succeeded to the throne while Kantavati was still alive, Rana Bahadur, aged just 23, abdicated in favor of their son on 23 March 1799, placing his first wife, Rajrajeshwori, as the regent. Rana Bahadur's retinue included his first wife, Raj Rajeshwari Devi, while his second wife, Subarna Prabha Devi, stayed back in Kathmandu to serve as the regent.
She was forced to commit sati on the orders of Bhimsen Thapa, on the bank of the Salinadi rivulet, at Sankhu, 5 May 1806.

Queen Tripurasundari of Nepal

TripurasundariQueen Lalit Tripura SundariQueen Tripurasundari
The death of King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah in 1816 at the immature age of 17, with his heir, King Rajendra Bikram Shah being only 3 years old, along with the support from Queen Tripurasundari (the junior queen of Rana Bahadur Shah) allowed him to remain in power even after Nepal's defeat in the Anglo-Nepalese War.
She was daughter of Kaaji Nain Singh Thapa, brother of Bhimsen Thapa.

Chief of the Nepalese Army

Commander-in-chief of the Nepalese ArmyPradhan Senapati of the Nepalese ArmyCommander-In-Chief
King Rajendra appointed Bhimsen to the post of Commander-In-Chief and praised Bhimsen for his long service to the nation.
During the reign of Bhimsen Thapa, the title of Commander-in-Chief was introduced for the first time for denoting the army chief.

Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah

Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah DevaGirvanGirvan Yuddha
The death of King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah in 1816 at the immature age of 17, with his heir, King Rajendra Bikram Shah being only 3 years old, along with the support from Queen Tripurasundari (the junior queen of Rana Bahadur Shah) allowed him to remain in power even after Nepal's defeat in the Anglo-Nepalese War.
He ruled under the regency of Queen Lalit Tripura Sundari and Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa.

Amar Singh Thapa

Bada KajiBadakaji Amar Singh Thapa
3,000. However, in 1804, Garhwal refused to pay the amount upon which Bhimsen sent an army under the command of Bada Kaji Amar Singh Thapa (not to be confused with his father), Bhakti Thapa and Hasti Dal Shah to attack Garhwal.
His family members were added to the Royal Court by Mukhtiyar of Nepal, Bhimsen Thapa, also a member of Bagale Thapa clan.

Subarna Prabha Devi

Maharani Subarna Prabha DeviQueen Subarna Prabha Devi
Rana Bahadur's retinue included his first wife, Raj Rajeshwari Devi, while his second wife, Subarna Prabha Devi, stayed back in Kathmandu to serve as the regent.
As King Rana Bahadur Shah, Regent Raj Rajeshwari Devi and his advisor, Bhimsen Thapa left for Varanasi, she stayed back in Kathmandu to serve as the regent.

Thapa dynasty

ThapasBhimsen Thapa familyFamily of Bhimsen Thapa
The Nepalese army was commanded largely by the members and relatives of the larger Thapa caucus, including the Thapa dynasty.
His grandson Bhimsen Thapa became Mukhtiyar of Nepal and established Thapa dynasty to the dominating position of central court politics of Nepal.

Samrajya Lakshmi Devi

Queen SamrajyaSamrajya LakshmiSamrajya Laxmi Devi
After the death of Queen Tripurasundari in 1832 and the adulthood of King Rajendra, the conspiracies and infighting with the British envoy Brian Houghton Hodgson, Senior Queen Samrajya Laxmi Devi and rival courtiers (especially the Kala Pandes, who held Bhimsen Thapa responsible for the death of Damodar Pande in 1804) finally led to his imprisonment and death by suicide in 1839.
She was very anxious about the power asserted by the Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa.

Ranga Nath Poudyal

Ranganath PaudelRanganath PoudyalRangnath Paudel
Bhimsen Thapa was made a second kaji; Ranajit Pande, who was the father-in-law of Bhimsen's brother, was made the Mulkaji; Sher Bahadur Shah, Rana Bahadur's half-brother, was made the Mul Chautariya; while Rangnath Paudel was made the Raj Guru (royal spiritual preceptor).
Ranga Nath Poudyal met Bhimsen Thapa in Benares (Varanasi).

Mathabarsingh Thapa

Mathabar Singh ThapaMathbar SinghMathabar Singh
There was a quarrel between Bhimsen's nephew, Mathabar Singh Thapa, and Ranbir Singh regarding the latter's shift of loyalty towards the Senior Queen Samrajya Lakshmi, resulting in Mathabar resigning from the command of Sri Nath Regiment.
He was the nephew of Bhimsen Thapa, who was falsely sentenced for imprisonment for the death of King Rajendra's six months old son.

Mulkaji

Chief Kazi
Bhimsen Thapa was made a second kaji; Ranajit Pande, who was the father-in-law of Bhimsen's brother, was made the Mulkaji; Sher Bahadur Shah, Rana Bahadur's half-brother, was made the Mul Chautariya; while Rangnath Paudel was made the Raj Guru (royal spiritual preceptor). Bhimsen received the position of personal secretary of King Rana Bahadur from the patronage of Mulkaji Kirtiman Singh Basnyat, since both his father and grandfather were in close military affiliations with Kaji Abhiman Singh Basnyat - the uncle of Kirtiman Singh.
After the execution of Mulkaji Damodar Pande on March 1804, Ranajit Pande was appointed as Mulkaji (Chief Kaji) along with Bhimsen Thapa as second Kaji, Sher Bahadur Shah as Mul Chautariya and Ranganath Paudel as Raj Guru (Royal Preceptor).