Bhopal disaster

Tank 610 in 2010. During the decontamination of the plant, the tank was removed from its foundations and set aside.
Methylamine (1) reacts with phosgene (2) to produce methyl isocyanate (3), which in turn reacts with 1-naphthol (4) to yield carbaryl (5).
The reversible reaction of glutathione (top) with MIC (middle) allows MIC to be transported into the body.
Memorial by Dutch artist Ruth Kupferschmidt for those killed and disabled by the 1984 toxic gas release
Victims of Bhopal disaster march in September 2006 demanding the extradition of American Warren Anderson from the United States.
Deteriorating section of the MIC plant in 2008, decades after the gas leak
Protest in Bhopal in 2010
Bhopal People's Health and Documentation Clinic

Chemical accident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

- Bhopal disaster
Tank 610 in 2010. During the decontamination of the plant, the tank was removed from its foundations and set aside.

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Remains of a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India.

Chemical accident

Unintentional release of one or more chemical hazard substances which could harm human health and the environment.

Unintentional release of one or more chemical hazard substances which could harm human health and the environment.

Remains of a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India.
Aftermath of the 2020 Beirut explosion.

The most dangerous chemical accident recorded in history was the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy in India, in which more than 3,000 people died after a highly toxic vapor, methyl isocyanate, was released at a Union Carbide Pesticides factory.

Union Carbide

American chemical corporation wholly owned by Dow Chemical Company.

American chemical corporation wholly owned by Dow Chemical Company.

1922 advertisement for Union Carbide gas lighting. Electric lighting was not yet common in many rural areas of the United States.
Protest in Bhopal, India, 2010

After the Bhopal disaster, Union Carbide was the subject of repeated takeover attempts.

Methyl isocyanate

Organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.

Organic compound with the molecular formula CH3NCO.

A photographic montage of methyl isocyanate around young Sun-like stars, as detected by the ALMA interferometer (northern Chile).

It was the principal toxicant involved in the infamous Bhopal gas disaster, which killed 2,259 people initially and officially 20,000 people in total.

Bhopal was founded by and named after 11th-century Malwa king Bhoja

Bhopal

Capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of both Bhopal district and Bhopal division.

Capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of both Bhopal district and Bhopal division.

Bhopal was founded by and named after 11th-century Malwa king Bhoja
Mausoleum of Dost Khan founder of Bhopal state
A view of upper lake, part of the city and the hilly Vindhya terrain.
Tourist Map of Bhopal
Shivaji statue at Shivaji Nagar Square Bhopal
Bharat Bhavan Bhopal
BHEL Bhopal plant during monsoons.
Bhopal Share Cycles
Raja Bhoj International Airport
Bhopal Habibganj station
Bhopal VIP road
Kushabhau Thakre ISBT Bhopal
National Law Institute University
IIFM arc
Yodhasthal
Bhimbetka pre-historic rock cave painting near Bhopal include 500 sandstone caves and shelters. These are dated to range from 12,000 years ago to chalcolithic era of human history. They are a UNESCO World Heritage site.
A view of the Bhojtal
Taj Mahal main entrance back side
Lower Lake
Taj-ul-Masajid gate

In 1984, the city was struck by the Bhopal disaster, one of the worst industrial disasters in history.

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Phosgene

Organic chemical compound with the formula COCl2.

Organic chemical compound with the formula COCl2.

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American Red Cross and Medical Research Committee, "An Atlas of Gas Poisoning" plate II, phosgene patient

In the second half of 20th century several fatal incidents implicating phosgene occurred in Europe, Asia and the US. Most of them have been investigated by authorities and the outcome made accessible to the public. For example, phosgene was initially blamed for the Bhopal disaster, but investigations proved methyl isocyanate to be responsible for the numerous poisonings and fatalities.

Spraying carbaryl on pine trees

Carbaryl

Chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide.

Chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide.

Spraying carbaryl on pine trees

The former process was carried out in Bhopal.

Flare stack at the Shell Haven refinery in England

Gas flare

Gas combustion device used in industrial plants such as petroleum refineries, chemical plants and natural gas processing plants.

Gas combustion device used in industrial plants such as petroleum refineries, chemical plants and natural gas processing plants.

Flare stack at the Shell Haven refinery in England
Schematic flow diagram of an overall vertical, elevated flare stack system in an industrial plant.
North Dakota Flaring of Gas
Flare Stack igniting biogas from sewage sludge digesters at a sewage treatment plant in Ontario, Canada.
Flaring of associated gas from an oil well site in Nigeria.
Flaring gases from an oil platform in the North Sea.
Flare, Bayport Industrial District, Harris County, Texas

The Bhopal disaster exemplifies the consequences of a failure to flare escaping methyl isocyanate gas.

Warren Anderson (American businessman)

Warren Martin Anderson (November 29, 1921 – September 29, 2014) was an American businessman who was the chair and CEO of the Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) at the time of the Bhopal disaster in 1984.

Barton in 2017

Mischa Barton

British-American film, television, and stage actress.

British-American film, television, and stage actress.

Barton in 2017
Barton at a movie premiere in London.

In early 2009 she began filming alongside Martin Sheen in Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain a biopic of the Bhopal gas tragedy.

Kal Penn

American actor, author, academic lecturer and former White House staff member in the Barack Obama administration.

American actor, author, academic lecturer and former White House staff member in the Barack Obama administration.

Kal Penn speaking at a rally for President Barack Obama at the University of Maryland's Nyumburu Cultural Center.

In 2014, he was cast in Ravi Kumar's film Bhopal: A Prayer for Rain, a film about the Bhopal gas tragedy, considered by many to be the world's worst industrial disaster.