A report on Bhumija

11th-century Nilakanthesvara (Udayesvara) temple in north Madhya Pradesh is the best example of Bhumija style.
The square and circle plan applied together
Bhand Deva temple, Rajasthan
Two Bhumija temples, Narmada river (Omkareshwar temples, Mandhata)
Bhand Deul (Jain), Arang, Chhattisgarh
Palasdev temple, Maharashtra (between Pune and Solapur)
Sadashiva Temple (1249 CE) at Nuggehalli, Karnataka
Small Bhumija-style shrines flanking the step before the main Belur temple, Karnakata
The Bhumija shikara of Galteshwar Temple

Variety of north Indian temple architecture marked by how the rotating square-circle principle is applied to construct the shikhara on top of the sanctum.

- Bhumija
11th-century Nilakanthesvara (Udayesvara) temple in north Madhya Pradesh is the best example of Bhumija style.

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Latina in Khajuraho

Shikhara

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Shikhara (IAST: ), a Sanskrit word translating literally to "mountain peak", refers to the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture of North India, and also often used in Jain temples.

Shikhara (IAST: ), a Sanskrit word translating literally to "mountain peak", refers to the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture of North India, and also often used in Jain temples.

Latina in Khajuraho
Homogeneous Shikhara (but with rathas) of the Lingaraja Temple in Bhubaneswar

Bhumija. The tower has miniature spires, in horizontal and vertical rows, all the way to the top, creating a grid-like effect on each face. The tower is generally less strongly vertical in overall shape, often approaching a pyramidal shape. Mainly found in the northern Deccan and West India.

Temple

Shiv Mandir, Ambarnath

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Historic 11th-century Hindu temple, still in use, at Ambarnath near Mumbai, in Maharashtra, India.

Historic 11th-century Hindu temple, still in use, at Ambarnath near Mumbai, in Maharashtra, India.

Temple
From the side, showing the truncated shikhara at left and a side porch.
Udayesvara Temple in Udaipur, Madhya Pradesh

It is in bhumija form, and if completed would have been close in form to the Udayesvara Temple also known as Neelkantheshwara temple in Udaipur, Madhya Pradesh, begun in 1059, and the Gondeshwar Temple at Sinnar.

Gondeshwar Temple, Sinnar

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11th-12th century Hindu temple located in Sinnar, a town in the Nashik district of Maharashtra, India.

11th-12th century Hindu temple located in Sinnar, a town in the Nashik district of Maharashtra, India.

The temple in 1897
In 2017, with the finial lost
Cross section and plan

The Gondeshwar temple is built in the Bhumija style, in form of a panchayatana complex, which features a main shrine surrounded by four subsidiary shrines.

General view of the temple from northeast corner

Galteshwar Temple

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Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, located at Sarnal village near Dakor in Kheda district, Gujarat, India.

Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, located at Sarnal village near Dakor in Kheda district, Gujarat, India.

General view of the temple from northeast corner
Pillars of the mandapa
Karotaka, circular ceiling with Gajtalu and Karnadardarika
General view of the temple
Adhisthana (base) of the temple
Back view of Garbhagriha
Mandapa pillars of the left

The 12th century temple is unique in its style and of its period because it is built in central Indian Malwa style, bhumija, without influence of Paramara architecture and with influence of Gujarati Chaulukya architecture.

Moole Shankareshvara Temple, Turuvekere

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Located in Turuvekere, a small town in the Tumkur district, Karnataka state, India.

Located in Turuvekere, a small town in the Tumkur district, Karnataka state, India.

Moole Shankara temple at Turuvekere

According to the art historian Adam Hardy, the temple plan is a Bhumija Nagara style (north Indian) on a semi-stellate base (called mula-prasada).

Bhand Dewal temple

Arang Jain temples

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Group of three Jain temples in Arang, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Group of three Jain temples in Arang, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Bhand Dewal temple
Bhand Dewal temple
Detailed carvings on the wall
Bhand Dewal in 1873
Sculptures of Ajitanatha, Neminath and Shreyanasanatha inside Bhand Dewal
Carvings on the wall, Bhand Deul

The temple is built in Bhumija architecture.

Mankeshwar temple, Zodage

Mankeshwar temple, Zodage

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Ancient Shiva temple.

Ancient Shiva temple.

Mankeshwar temple, Zodage
Sculptures
Nandi

In front of the temple is another Bhumij style ruined temple.

The entrance gopuram and courtyard of Chennakeshava temple at Belur

Chennakeshava Temple, Belur

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12th-century Hindu temple in the Hassan district of Karnataka state, India.

12th-century Hindu temple in the Hassan district of Karnataka state, India.

The entrance gopuram and courtyard of Chennakeshava temple at Belur
Artwork at Chennakeshava temple.
Example Belur temple inscription in Sanskrit, written in Old Kannada script.
Chennakeshava temples and monuments layout.
Bands of carvings on one side of the circumambulatory platform.
Two styles of light screens used in Kesava temple: geometric artwork (left) and Puranic stories artwork.
Statues on capital support the temple eaves. 38 of the original 40 have survived in Belur.
Ornate lathe turned pillars in mantapa.
The temple is famous for its rendering of Mohini, the female avatar of Vishnu.
One of four ceiling dome madanikas, with an inscription on pedestal.
Musician playing Kinnari vina
Shilabalika (celestial maiden) with mirror
Shilabalika
Shilabalika
Shilabalika
Lintel relief Sculpture at Channakeshava temple, Belur
Jaya and Vijaya before the sanctum
Decorative turret in relief art at Chennakeshava temple, Belur
Decorative panel comprising miniature towers (aedicule)
Gajasurasamhara: Shiva slaying the demon Gajasura
View of Gopura (tower over entrance) from Garuda stambha (pillar) at Chennakeshava temple complex, Belur
Shrine wall relief at Chennakeshava temple, Belur
Ornated lintel with the Makara (mythical beasts) on either side
Madanikas below the eaves
The central structure of the Chennakeshava Temple as viewed from the north-east corner of the inner court.
A Close up of decorative moulding frieze on outer wall of mandapa, Chennakeshava Temple, Belur, Karnataka

According to Foekema, the tower when it existed would have been of the Bhumija style when it existed and not the regular star shaped tower that followed the shape of the vimana.