Biafran airlift

the entire Biafran effort to survive
The Biafran Airlift was an international humanitarian relief effort that transported food and medicine to Biafra during the 1967-70 secession war from Nigeria (Nigerian Civil War).wikipedia
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Airlift

strategic airlifttactical airliftstrategic airlifter
It was the largest civilian airlift, and after the Berlin airlift of 1948-49, the largest non-combatant airlift of any kind ever carried out.
Examples include the Berlin Airlift, to supply isolated West Berlin with food and coal, the 1990 Air India airlift to rescue Indian citizens caught up in the Gulf War, and the 1967–70 Biafran airlift during the Nigerian Civil War.

Biafran War

civil warNigerian civil warBiafra War
The Biafran Airlift was an international humanitarian relief effort that transported food and medicine to Biafra during the 1967-70 secession war from Nigeria (Nigerian Civil War).
Many volunteer bodies organised the Biafran airlift which provided blockade-breaking relief flights into Biafra, carrying food, medicines, and sometimes (according to some claims) weapons.

Lockheed Constellation

ConstellationLockheed Super ConstellationSuper Constellation
Aircraft used were mostly aging multi-prop airliners such as DC-7s, DC-6s, DC-4s, DC3s, Avro Ansons, Lockheed Constellations, and Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellations.
The Constellation was used as a civil airliner and as a military and civilian air transport, seeing service in the Berlin and the Biafran airlifts.

Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter

C-97C-97 StratofreighterBoeing C-97G Stratofreighter
By 1969 the US had sold eight C-97 military cargo aircraft to JCA and was reported to be providing 49% of all aid to the relief effort. Belair (Swiss-based airline under charter) flew former C-97s with volunteer American pilots and Transall C.160.
C-97s also participated in the Biafran airlift, delivering relief materials to Uli airstrip in Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War.

Belair (airline)

Belair
Belair (Swiss-based airline under charter) flew former C-97s with volunteer American pilots and Transall C.160.
During the Biafran airlift (1967–71), chartered Balair aircraft, including C-97 Stratocruisers, delivered humanitarian aid to a remote Biafran airstrip in eastern Nigeria.

Uli, Anambra

UliUli airstripUli, Nigeria
Relief flights landed at Uli, codenamed "Airstrip Annabelle", the only operational "airport" in Biafra.
This landing strip was used extensively to bring in relief supplies during the Biafran airlift.

Fred. Olsen Airtransport

Fred Olsen Air TransportFred. Olsen Flyselskap
Fred. Olsen Airtransport was contracted and operated Douglas DC-6. One was bombed while unloading in Uli.
During the Biafran airlift of the Nigerian Civil War, which commenced in 1968, Fred.

Tony Jonsson

Jonsson, Thorsteinn EltonÞorsteinn E. Jónsson
Another was the Icelandic pilot Þorsteinn E. Jónsson.
After a period flying ice patrols over the east Greenland coast, Jonsson delivered hundreds of tonnes of relief shipments for Nordchurchaid from São Tome to Uli in Biafra in the Nigerian Civil War as part of the Biafran airlift.

Humanitarian aid

humanitarian assistancehumanitarianhumanitarian relief
The Biafran Airlift was an international humanitarian relief effort that transported food and medicine to Biafra during the 1967-70 secession war from Nigeria (Nigerian Civil War).

Biafra

Republic of BiafraBiafran ArmyBiafran war
The Biafran Airlift was an international humanitarian relief effort that transported food and medicine to Biafra during the 1967-70 secession war from Nigeria (Nigerian Civil War).

Berlin Blockade

Berlin AirliftblockadeBerlin Crisis
It was the largest civilian airlift, and after the Berlin airlift of 1948-49, the largest non-combatant airlift of any kind ever carried out.

Non-governmental organization

NGOnon-governmental organisationNGOs
The airlift was largely a series of joint efforts by Protestant and Catholic church groups, and other non-governmental organizations (NGO)s, operating civilian and military aircraft with volunteer (mostly) civilian crews and support personnel.

Famine

faminesfood shortagesfood crisis
With the advent of global television reporting, for the first time, famine, starvation, and the humanitarian response were seen by millions around the world, demanding that both the government and private sector join efforts to save as many as possible from starving to death.

United Nations

UN🇺🇳U.N.
The United Nations and most national governments, expressing reluctance to become involved in what was officially considered an internal Nigerian affair, remained silent on the escalating humanitarian crisis.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
The ruling Labour Party of the United Kingdom, which together with the USSR was supplying arms to the Nigerian military, dismissed reports of famine as "enemy propaganda".

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
The ruling Labour Party of the United Kingdom, which together with the USSR was supplying arms to the Nigerian military, dismissed reports of famine as "enemy propaganda".

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The ruling Labour Party of the United Kingdom, which together with the USSR was supplying arms to the Nigerian military, dismissed reports of famine as "enemy propaganda".

Mark Curtis (British author)

Mark Curtis
Mark Curtis writes that the UK also reportedly provided military assistance on the 'neutralisation of the rebel airstrips', with the understanding that their destruction would put them out of use for daylight humanitarian relief flights.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon JohnsonJohnsonPresident Johnson
American president Lyndon Johnson demanded his State Department "get those ... babies off my TV set", using a racial expletive.

Quebec sovereignty movement

sovereigntistQuebec sovereigntyseparatist
Canada, facing its own internal separatist threat in the form of the Quebec sovereignty movement, was reluctant to extend aid to an area trying to separate from a fellow Commonwealth member, particularly in a region in which it had no prior experience.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth nations
Canada, facing its own internal separatist threat in the form of the Quebec sovereignty movement, was reluctant to extend aid to an area trying to separate from a fellow Commonwealth member, particularly in a region in which it had no prior experience.

Médecins Sans Frontières

Doctors Without BordersMSFMedecins Sans Frontieres
(Also in response to the ICRC's position, a group of French volunteer doctors working in Biafra concluded that a new aid organization that would prioritize the welfare of victims irrespective of national or religious boundaries was needed, went on to found Médecins Sans Frontières or Doctors Without Borders in 1971).

São Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tome and Principe🇸🇹São Toméan
The flights originated primarily from: the island of Sao Tome (then a Portuguese colony); the island of Fernando Po (then a Spanish colony and now known as Bioko, Republic of Equatorial Guinea); and Coutonou, Dahomey (now Benin).

Bioko

Fernando PoFernando PóBioko Island
The flights originated primarily from: the island of Sao Tome (then a Portuguese colony); the island of Fernando Po (then a Spanish colony and now known as Bioko, Republic of Equatorial Guinea); and Coutonou, Dahomey (now Benin).

Cotonou

Cotonou, BeninBeninCoutonou, Dahomey
The flights originated primarily from: the island of Sao Tome (then a Portuguese colony); the island of Fernando Po (then a Spanish colony and now known as Bioko, Republic of Equatorial Guinea); and Coutonou, Dahomey (now Benin).