Big Bend National Park

Big BendBig Bend National Park, TexasBig Bend Biosphere Reserve and National ParkBig Bend N.P.Big Bend of TexasBig Bend State Park
For the Texas State Park see Big Bend Ranch State Park.wikipedia
304 Related Articles

Big Bend Ranch State Park

For the Texas State Park see Big Bend Ranch State Park.
Big Bend Ranch is located adjacent to Big Bend National Park and shares the national park's Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem.

Emory Peak

Because of the range in altitude from about 1800 ft along the river to Emory Peak in the Chisos Mountains at 7832 ft, a wide variation in available moisture and temperature exists throughout the park.
Emory Peak, located in Big Bend National Park, is the highest peak in the Chisos Mountains.

Chisos Mountains

Chisos
Because of the range in altitude from about 1800 ft along the river to Emory Peak in the Chisos Mountains at 7832 ft, a wide variation in available moisture and temperature exists throughout the park.
The mountain range is contained entirely within the boundaries of Big Bend National Park.

Boquillas Formation

Boquillas
Between the Triassic and the Cretaceous, the South American Plate rifted from the North American Plate, resulting in the deposition of the Glen Rose Limestone, Del Carmen Limestone, Sue Peaks Formation, Santa Elena Limestone, Del Rio Clay, Buda Limestone, and Boquillas formations (preserved in the Sierra del Carmen–Santiago Mountains, Nine Point Mesa, Mariscal Mountain, and Mesa de Anguila areas).
It was named for outcrops near the former Boquillas post office in Big Bend National Park.

Rio Grande

Río GrandeRío BravoRío Bravo del Norte
For more than 1000 mi, the Rio Grande/Río Bravo forms the boundary between Mexico and the United States, and Big Bend National Park administers approximately 118 mi along that boundary.
Two portions of the Rio Grande are designated National Wild and Scenic Rivers System, one in northern New Mexico and the other in Texas, at Big Bend National Park.

Quercus graciliformis

Quercus canbyi
Some species in the park, such as the Chisos oak (Quercus graciliformis), are found nowhere else in the United States.
The species has been found only in the Chisos Mountains, within Big Bend National Park of West Texas, and a few miles southeast into the state of Coahuila in northeast Mexico.

Chihuahuan Desert

Chihuahua DesertChihuahuanChihuahua
The park has national significance as the largest protected area of Chihuahuan Desert topography and ecology in the United States.

Marfa, Texas

MarfaMarfa, TXBallroom Marfa
(Shafter, named for General William R. Shafter, lies west of the Big Bend along the highway from Presidio to Marfa.) Ranchers began to settle in the Big Bend about 1880, and by 1900, sheep, goat, and cattle ranches occupied most of the area.
Marfa is a city in the high desert of the Trans-Pecos in far West Texas, between the Davis Mountains and Big Bend National Park.

West Texas

Houstonwestern TexasWest
Big Bend National Park is an American national park located in West Texas, bordering Mexico.

Maderas del Carmen

Parque Nacional Maderas del Carmen
The park is bordered by the protected areas of Parque Nacional Cañon de Santa Elena and Maderas del Carmen in Mexico.
In the late 1980s the corridor between the Sierra and the mountains of west Texas enabled the black bear to disperse northward and reestablish itself in Big Bend National Park.

Protected Area of Flora and Fauna Santa Elena Canyon

Cañón de Santa Elena Protected AreaParque Nacional Cañon de Santa ElenaSanta Elena Canyon
The park is bordered by the protected areas of Parque Nacional Cañon de Santa Elena and Maderas del Carmen in Mexico.
In 1990, at the request of the Government of the State of Chihuahua, the process for creating a Biosphere Reserve in Northwest state of Chihuahua was initiated, bordering with the Big Bend National Park in United States.

Boquillas, Texas

BoquillasBoquillas in TexasRio Grande Village, Texas
Boquillas and Terlingua both resulted from mining operations.
Boquillas, Texas is now in Big Bend National Park.

Mescalero

Mescalero ApacheMescalero ApachesMescalero Apache Reservation
Cultural resources in the park range from the Paleo-Indian period 10,500 years ago through the historic period represented by Native American groups, such as the Chisos, Mescaleros, and Comanche.

American black bear

black bearblack bearsUrsus americanus
Mexican black bears (Ursus americanus eremicus) are also present in the mountain areas.

List of birds of Big Bend National Park

This is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species recorded in Big Bend National Park, which is in the U.S. state of Texas.

Comanche Trail

Comanche War Trail
One of the last Native American groups to use the Big Bend was the Comanches, who passed through the park along the Comanche Trail on their way to and from periodic raids into the Mexican interior.
Much of the southeastern leg of the main trail runs through what is now Big Bend National Park, leaving the park through Persimmon Gap in the Santiago Mountains in the northern portion of the park.

Alpine, Texas

AlpineAlpine, TX
The development of Big Bend National Park in the 1930s and '40s spurred further growth.

International Dark-Sky Association

International Dark Sky AssociationInternational Dark Sky ReserveInternational Dark Sky
In 2012, the park was designated an international dark-sky park by the International Dark-Sky Association.

Trans-Pecos

Far West TexasTrans-Pecos regionSouthwestern Texas
With the notable exceptions of Big Bend Ranch State Park, Big Bend National Park and the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, the vast majority of the Trans-Pecos region consists of privately owned ranchland.

Persimmon Gap

Persimmon Gap to Panther Junction is a 28 mi road from the north entrance of the park to park headquarters at Panther Junction.
Persimmon Gap is a mountain pass located in Big Bend National Park in Texas.

Terlingua, Texas

Terlingua
Boquillas and Terlingua both resulted from mining operations.
Due to its proximity to Big Bend National Park, today Terlingua is mostly a tourist destination for park visitors.

Boquillas del Carmen

BoquillasBoquillas del Carmen, CoahuilaDel Carmen
Visitors often cross the Rio Grande to visit the Mexican village of Boquillas.
Efforts began in the 1930s to create a United States-Mexico International Peace Park in the area, joining Big Bend National Park with the Maderas del Carmen in Coahuila.

Colima warbler

Vermivora crissalis
Birders also flock to the park, as it is home to the only area in the United States within the breeding range of the Colima warbler (Vermivora crissalis).
It is mainly found in the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental of central Mexico, though its range just barely extends into adjacent southwestern Texas in the Chisos Mountains of Big Bend National Park.