(Sitting L to R): Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha during Mahatma Gandhi's 1917 Champaran Satyagraha
Kathak classical dance form, from Bhojpur region
Patna river port on national inland waterways-1 at Gai Ghat
Front view of administrative building of IIT Patna
NIT Patna main building

State in eastern India.

- Bihar

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Magahi language

The Magahi language, also known as Magadhi , is a language spoken in Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal states of eastern India, and in the Terai of Nepal.

Bhojpuri language

Indo-Aryan language native to the Bhojpur-Purvanchal region of India and the Terai region of Nepal.

Statue named Baba en Maai commemorating the arrival of first Indian couple in Suriname
Arrival of Bhojpuri speaking people in Trinidad and Tobago
Major Indo-Aryan languages of South Asia; Eastern Indo-Aryan languages in shades of yellow
The Indo Aryan languages
Bhojpuri story written in Kaithi script by Babu Rama Smaran Lal in 1898
Signboard at Purbi Gumti Arrah with "Lock no. 11" written on the board in Bhojpuri using Kaithi Script (on the left side), Persian script (on the right side) and Roman script (above).
Cover page of Badmash Darpan by Teg Ali Teg

It is chiefly spoken in western Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh, and northwestern Jharkhand.


Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of Mauryan Empire with Jain monk Bhadrabahu.
Gautama Buddha undertaking extreme ascetic practices before his enlightenment under the Bodhi tree, on the bank of river Phalgu in Bodh Gaya, Bihar
Sher Shah Suri
A Purbiya camel rider in Bihar, India in 1825.
A group of High caste Bihari women in Gopalganj district (1915)
A man from Bihar, attending Kumbh Mela.
Farm workers in Bihar.
Maithili language in Tirhuta and Devanagari scripts

The Biharis is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of Bihar.

East India

Kalinga Empire
The extent of the Maurya Empire
The extent of the Delhi Sultanate
Konark Sun Temple built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Odisha
Famed Buddhist Nalanda University & Monastery ruins in Bihar
Ratnagiri, Odisha, Part of Puspagiri University
Udayagiri, Odisha, Part of Puspagiri University
Software Technology Park of India, IIT Patna
Ravenshaw Convention Centre, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, Odisha
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
Auditorium of IIM Calcutta
Skyline in Kolkata
Chowringhee Road, one of the CBD in Kolkata
New Town, Kolkata, West Bengal
Howrah Bridge links Kolkata to Western bank of Ganges
Kolkata skyline from Chowringhee
Vidyasagar Setu over Hooghly River
Durgapur Steel Plant
Skyscrapers in Bhubaneswar city
Puri sea beach
Rourkela Steel Plant
Bhubaneswar skyline
Rourkela at night
National Highway 31A winds along the banks of the Teesta River near Kalimpong, in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in West Bengal.
Puri rath yatra, Odisha
Chhath Puja
Performing Odissi, a classical dance from Odisha
Mohiniyattam, a classical dance originating from Kerala, is being performed to commemorate of 150th birth anniversary of Tagore. It was an Indo-Bangladesh joint celebration in 2012 in Kolkata.
Dance accompanied by Rabindra Sangeet
Sambalpuri Dance
Black-and-white close-up photograph of a piece of wood boldly painted in unmixed solid strokes of black and white in a stylised semblance to "ro" and "tho" from the Bengali syllabary.
Eden Gardens, the second largest cricket stadium in India
Salt Lake Stadium, Kolkata
Entrance to the Barabati Stadium in Cuttack, Odisha
Hockey turf in Sundergarh, Odisha
A ship at Kolkata Port
Paradip Port
A traditional Bengali fish meal – Rice with Macher Jhol (Literally translated to "Fish's gravy")
Green jackfruit and potato curry, Kolkata
Kamalabhog Roshogolla from West Bengal
Bikali Kar Rasagola from Odisha
Chhena Poda from Odisha
Rasmalai, a sweet dish popular in Odisha and West Bengal
Chhena Gaja from Odisha
Khaja, a sweet dish popular in Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal
Chandrakanti sweet from Odisha

East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha

Mithila (region)

Geographical and cultural region of the Indian subcontinent bounded by the Mahananda River in the east, the Ganges in the south, the Gandaki River in the west and by the foothills of the Himalayas in the north.

Maharaja Lakshmeshwar Singh
National Institute Of Mithila Art
Indian Mithila
Nepalese Mithila
Nepalese Province No. 2
Bimalendra Nidhi
Sharda Sinha
Sriti Jha in 2018
Bhawana Kanth in 2020
Mithila Painting of Radha-Krishna

It comprises certain parts of Bihar and Jharkhand of India and adjoining districts of the eastern Terai of Nepal.

Uttar Pradesh

State in northern India.

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast.

Bodh Gaya

The Bodhi Tree under which Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment
Mahabodhi temple, built under the Gupta Empire, 6th century CE.
Buddhist monks meditating in Bodh Gaya
Illustration of the temple built by Asoka at Bodh-Gaya around the Bodhi tree. Sculpture of the Satavahana period at Sanchi, 1st century CE.

Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar.


Magadha and other Mahajanapadas in the period of the Second Urbanization, early Historic Period.
Cyclopean Wall of Rajgir which encircled the former capital of Magadha, Rajgir. Amongst the oldest pieces of cyclopeon masonry in the world
Magadha and other Mahajanapadas in the period of the Second Urbanization, early Historic Period.
Magadha in the early Iron Age (1100-600 BC)
Map depicting 16 mahajanapadas kingdoms and other kingdoms in 540 BCE.
King Bimbisara visits the Bamboo Garden (Venuvana) in Rajagriha; artwork from Sanchi.
Nanda empire 450 BCE or 346 BCE
Maurya Empire, c. 250 BCE
Magadha kingdom coin, c. 430–320 BCE, Karshapana
Magadha kingdom coin, c. 350 BCE, Karshapana
The ancient Mahabodhi temple at Bodh Gaya prior to its restoration
The 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, Mahavira, who was born in Magadha to a royal family

Magadha was a region and one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas of the Second Urbanization (600–200 BCE) in what is now south Bihar (before expansion) at the eastern Ganges Plain.


Middle Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent.

Burmese Kammavaca manuscript written in Pali in the 'Burmese' script.
19th century Burmese Kammavācā (confession for Buddhist monks), written in Pali on gilded palm leaf

There is persistent confusion as to the relation of Pāḷi to the vernacular spoken in the ancient kingdom of Magadha, which was located around modern-day Bihār.


Vihāra generally refers to a Buddhist monastery for Buddhist renunciates, mostly in the Indian subcontinent.

Cave 12, Ellora, a late multi-story rock-cut vihara. Further decoration of the pillars was probably intended.
Plan of cave 1 at Ajanta, a large vihara hall for prayer and living, 5th century
Cave 12, Ajanta Caves, cell entries off a vihara hall
Mahabodhi Temple in India.
Viharas found at Thotlakonda
The ruins of Shalvan Vihara, the Buddhist monastery that operated between 7th-12th century in what is now Mainamati, Bangladesh.
Vihara, locally called wihan, of Wat Chedi Luang in Northern Thailand
Cave 4, Ajanta Caves
Entrance to a vihara hall at Kanheri Caves
Wall carvings at Kanheri Caves
Simple slab abode beds in vihara at Kanheri Caves
Doorways of a Vihara, Bedse Caves

The northern Indian state of Bihar derives its name from vihāra due to the abundance of Buddhist monasteries in that area.