Binge eating disorder

Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

Eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems, but without the compensatory behaviors common to bulimia nervosa, OSFED, or the binge-purge subtype of anorexia nervosa.

- Binge eating disorder
Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

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Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

Eating disorder

Mental disorder defined by abnormal eating behaviors that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.

Mental disorder defined by abnormal eating behaviors that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.

Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012
Death rates from eating disorders, OWID

Types of eating disorders include binge eating disorder, where the patient eats a large amount in a short period of time; anorexia nervosa, where the person has an intense fear of gaining weight and restricts food or overexercises to manage this fear; bulimia nervosa, where individuals eat a large quantity (binging) then try to rid themselves of the food (purging); pica, where the patient eats non-food items; rumination syndrome, where the patient regurgitates undigested or minimally digested food; avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), where people have a reduced or selective food intake due to some psychological reasons (see below); and a group of other specified feeding or eating disorders.

Loss of enamel (acid erosion) from the inside of the upper front teeth as a result of bulimia

Bulimia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging, and excessive concern with body shape and weight.

Eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging, and excessive concern with body shape and weight.

Loss of enamel (acid erosion) from the inside of the upper front teeth as a result of bulimia
How bulimia affects the body
The erosion on the lower teeth was caused by bulimia. For comparison, the upper teeth were restored with porcelain veneers.
Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

Other similar disorders include binge eating disorder, Kleine–Levin syndrome, and borderline personality disorder.

Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

Night eating syndrome

Eating disorder, characterized by a delayed circadian pattern of food intake.

Eating disorder, characterized by a delayed circadian pattern of food intake.

Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

Although there is some degree of comorbidity with binge eating disorder, it differs from binge eating in that the amount of food consumed in the night is not necessarily objectively large nor is a loss of control over food intake required.

The skeleton structure of the SNRI venlafaxine, a typical example of an antidepressant.

Antidepressant

Antidepressants are medications used to treat major depressive disorder, some anxiety disorders, some chronic pain conditions, and to help manage some addictions.

Antidepressants are medications used to treat major depressive disorder, some anxiety disorders, some chronic pain conditions, and to help manage some addictions.

The skeleton structure of the SNRI venlafaxine, a typical example of an antidepressant.
Blister pack of Prozac (fluoxetine), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
The chemical structure of venlafaxine (Effexor), an SNRI
St John's wort
Structural formula of the SSRI sertraline

Similar recommendations apply to binge eating disorder.

Silhouettes and waist circumferences representing optimal, overweight, and obese

Obesity

Condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

Condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

Silhouettes and waist circumferences representing optimal, overweight, and obese
A "super obese" male with a BMI of 53 kg/m2: weight 182 kg, height 185 cm. He presents with stretch marks and enlarged breasts.
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200px
Average per capita energy consumption of the world from 1961 to 2002
A 1680 painting by Juan Carreno de Miranda of a girl presumed to have Prader–Willi syndrome
The disease scroll (Yamai no soshi, late 12th century) depicts a woman moneylender with obesity, considered a disease of the rich.
Obesity in developed countries is correlated with economic inequality.
A comparison of a mouse unable to produce leptin thus resulting in obesity (left) and a normal mouse (right)
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance obesity was often seen as a sign of wealth, and was relatively common among the elite: The Tuscan General Alessandro del Borro, attributed to Charles Mellin, 1645
Venus of Willendorf created 24,000–22,000 BC
Services accommodate obese people with specialized equipment such as much wider chairs.
United States President William Howard Taft was often ridiculed for being overweight.

Medical illnesses that increase obesity risk include several rare genetic syndromes (listed above) as well as some congenital or acquired conditions: hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, growth hormone deficiency, and some eating disorders such as binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome.

Pulmonary contusion due to trauma is an example of a condition that can be asymptomatic with half of people showing no signs at the initial presentation. The CT scan shows a pulmonary contusion (red arrow) accompanied by a rib fracture (purple arrow).

Other specified feeding or eating disorder

Subclinical DSM-5 category that, along with unspecified feeding or eating disorder (UFED), replaces the category formerly called eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in the DSM-IV-TR.

Subclinical DSM-5 category that, along with unspecified feeding or eating disorder (UFED), replaces the category formerly called eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in the DSM-IV-TR.

Pulmonary contusion due to trauma is an example of a condition that can be asymptomatic with half of people showing no signs at the initial presentation. The CT scan shows a pulmonary contusion (red arrow) accompanied by a rib fracture (purple arrow).

It captures feeding disorders and eating disorders of clinical severity that do not meet diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), pica, or rumination disorder.

Serotonin, the neurotransmitter that is involved in the mechanism of action of SSRIs.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of drugs that are typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, and other psychological conditions.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a class of drugs that are typically used as antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, and other psychological conditions.

Serotonin, the neurotransmitter that is involved in the mechanism of action of SSRIs.
Neurotransmitter transporters inhibitors

Similar recommendations apply to binge eating disorder.

Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

Binge eating

Pattern of disordered eating which consists of episodes of uncontrollable eating.

Pattern of disordered eating which consists of episodes of uncontrollable eating.

Deaths due to eating disorders per million persons in 2012

It is a common symptom of eating disorders such as binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa.

Unspecified feeding or eating disorder

DSM-5 category of eating disorders that, along with other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), replaced eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in the DSM-IV-TR.

DSM-5 category of eating disorders that, along with other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), replaced eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in the DSM-IV-TR.

UFED is an eating disorder that does not meet the criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or other eating disorders.

Advertisement of castor oil as a medicine by Scott & Bowne company, 19th century

Food addiction

Any behavioral addiction that is primarily characterized by the compulsive consumption of palatable food items which markedly activate the reward system in humans and other animals despite adverse consequences.<ref name="Natural and drug addictions">"Table 1"

Any behavioral addiction that is primarily characterized by the compulsive consumption of palatable food items which markedly activate the reward system in humans and other animals despite adverse consequences.<ref name="Natural and drug addictions">"Table 1"

Advertisement of castor oil as a medicine by Scott & Bowne company, 19th century

The person's behavior then begins to shift when the need for more food is not met, in that when the urge is met, binge eating, obesity and bulimia can result as a consequence.