Biomolecule

biochemicalbiomoleculesbiomolecularbiological moleculesbiological moleculebiological macromoleculesBiomolecular Sciencesbiomolecular systemsmoleculebio-chemical
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.wikipedia
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Protein

proteinsproteinaceousstructural proteins
Biomolecules include large macromolecules (or polyanions) such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

Carbohydrate

carbohydratessaccharidecomplex carbohydrates
Biomolecules include large macromolecules (or polyanions) such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water) and thus with the empirical formula C m (H 2 O) n (where m may be different from n).

Lipid

lipidsglycerolipidfat
Biomolecules include large macromolecules (or polyanions) such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products. Lipids (oleaginous) are chiefly fatty acid esters, and are the basic building blocks of biological membranes.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.

Nucleic acid

nucleic acidsNAmolecular basis
Biomolecules include large macromolecules (or polyanions) such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products.
Nucleic acids are the biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

Biochemistry

biochemistbiochemicalbiological chemistry
Biology and its subfields of biochemistry and molecular biology study biomolecules and their reactions.
Biochemistry focuses on understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells and between cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of tissues, organs, and organism structure and function.

Molecular biology

molecular biologistmolecularmolecular microbiology
Biology and its subfields of biochemistry and molecular biology study biomolecules and their reactions.
Molecular biology is a branch of biology that concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.

Nucleotide

nucleotidesntdinucleotide
Nucleosides can be phosphorylated by specific kinases in the cell, producing nucleotides.
They are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.

Organism

organismsflora and faunaliving organisms
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.
There are also other kinds of biomolecules in cells.

Cell (biology)

cellcellscellular
They serve as sources of chemical energy (adenosine triphosphate and guanosine triphosphate), participate in cellular signaling (cyclic guanosine monophosphate and cyclic adenosine monophosphate), and are incorporated into important cofactors of enzymatic reactions (coenzyme A, flavin adenine dinucleotide, flavin mononucleotide, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate).
Cells consist of cytoplasm enclosed within a membrane, which contains many biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids.

Flavin mononucleotide

FMNflavinsRiboflavin-5'-Phosphate
They serve as sources of chemical energy (adenosine triphosphate and guanosine triphosphate), participate in cellular signaling (cyclic guanosine monophosphate and cyclic adenosine monophosphate), and are incorporated into important cofactors of enzymatic reactions (coenzyme A, flavin adenine dinucleotide, flavin mononucleotide, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate).
Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or riboflavin-5′-phosphate, is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B 2 ) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.

Nucleobase

basesnucleobasesbase
Nucleosides are molecules formed by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose or deoxyribose ring.
At the sides of nucleic acid structure, phosphate molecules successively connect the two sugar-rings of two adjacent nucleotide monomers, thereby creating a long chain biomolecule.

Oxygen

OO 2 molecular oxygen
Most biomolecules are organic compounds, and just four elements—oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen—make up 96% of the human body's mass. But many other elements, such as the various biometals, are present in small amounts.
The element is similarly found in almost all biomolecules that are important to (or generated by) life.

Cell membrane

plasma membranemembranecell membranes
Lipids (oleaginous) are chiefly fatty acid esters, and are the basic building blocks of biological membranes.
Cell membranes contain a variety of biological molecules, notably lipids and proteins.

Glucose

dextroseD-glucose D -glucose
Examples of monosaccharides are the hexoses, glucose, fructose, Trioses, Tetroses, Heptoses, galactose, pentoses, ribose, and deoxyribose.
Ultimately almost all biomolecules come from the assimilation of carbon dioxide in plants during photosynthesis.

Biomolecular structure

structuresstructuretertiary structure
The particular series of amino acids that form a protein is known as that protein's primary structure.
Biomolecular structure is the intricate folded, three-dimensional shape that is formed by a molecule of protein, DNA, or RNA, and that is important to its function.

List of biomolecules

This is a list of articles that describe particular biomolecules or types of biomolecules.

Multi-state modeling of biomolecules

Multi-state modeling of biomolecules refers to a series of techniques used to represent and compute the behaviour of biological molecules or complexes that can adopt a large number of possible functional states.

Biomolecular engineering

Biomolecular
Since every biomolecule is different, there are a number of techniques used to manipulate each one respectively.

Molecule

molecularmoleculesmolecular structure
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

Ion

cationanionions
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

Biological process

biological processesbiologicalprocess
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

Cell division

divisiondaughter cellcellular division
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

Morphogenesis

developmentmorphogeneticmorphogenic
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

Developmental biology

developmentdevelopmental biologistdevelopmental
A biomolecule or biological molecule is a loosely used term for molecules and ions present in organisms that are essential to one or more typically biological processes, such as cell division, morphogenesis, or development.

Macromolecule

macromoleculesmacromolecularmacromolecular chemistry
Biomolecules include large macromolecules (or polyanions) such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products.