Biopolymer

biopolymersbio-polymerbiological polymersbiopolymer sciencepolymerpolymeric drug carriersbio-polymersbiological macromoleculesbiological polymerbiopolymer photonics
Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.wikipedia
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Polynucleotide

There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures.
A polynucleotide molecule is a biopolymer composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers covalently bonded in a chain.

DNA

deoxyribonucleic aciddouble-stranded DNAdsDNA
There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures.
A biopolymer comprising multiple linked nucleotides (as in DNA) is called a polynucleotide.

Suberin

suberizedsuberizationsuberised
Other examples of biopolymers include rubber, suberin, melanin and lignin.
Suberin, a complex polyester biopolymer, is lipophilic, and composed of long chain fatty acids called suberin acids, and glycerol.

Polysaccharide

polysaccharidesheteropolysaccharidecomplex carbohydrates
There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures.
Polysaccharides are an important class of biological polymers.

Lignin

lignifiedlignificationlignins
Other examples of biopolymers include rubber, suberin, melanin and lignin.
As a biopolymer, lignin is unusual because of its heterogeneity and lack of a defined primary structure.

Biomolecular structure

structuresstructuretertiary structure
The exact chemical composition and the sequence in which these units are arranged is called the primary structure, in the case of proteins.
The primary structure of a biopolymer is the exact specification of its atomic composition and the chemical bonds connecting those atoms (including stereochemistry).

Nucleic acid

nucleic acidsNAmolecular basis
The convention for a nucleic acid sequence is to list the nucleotides as they occur from the 5' end to the 3' end of the polymer chain, where 5' and 3' refer to the numbering of carbons around the ribose ring which participate in forming the phosphate diester linkages of the chain.
Nucleic acids are the biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

Polymer

polymershomopolymerpolymeric
The convention for a nucleic acid sequence is to list the nucleotides as they occur from the 5' end to the 3' end of the polymer chain, where 5' and 3' refer to the numbering of carbons around the ribose ring which participate in forming the phosphate diester linkages of the chain. Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.
Polymers range from familiar synthetic plastics such as polystyrene to natural biopolymers such as DNA and proteins that are fundamental to biological structure and function.

Optical tweezers

optical trapoptical trappingoptical tweezer
Lastly, mechanical properties of these biopolymers can often be measured using optical tweezers or atomic-force microscopy.
Optical tweezers have also been used to probe the cytoskeleton, measure the visco-elastic properties of biopolymers, and study cell motility.

Condensed tannin

condensed tanninsOligomeric proanthocyanidinPycnogenol
Condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins, polyflavonoid tannins, catechol-type tannins, pyrocatecollic type tannins, non-hydrolyzable tannins or flavolans) are polymers formed by the condensation of flavans.

Bioplastic

bioplasticsbio-plasticsbio plastics
Biopolymers are available as coatings for paper rather than the more common petrochemical coatings.

Sequencing

sequencedsequencemolecular data
In genetics and biochemistry, sequencing means to determine the primary structure (sometimes incorrectly called the primary sequence) of an unbranched biopolymer.

Sequence-controlled polymer

A biopolymer (for example a protein) with a perfectly-defined primary structure is also a sequence-controlled polymer.

Industrial crop

Non-food cropnon-foodnon food crop
Biomass comes from crops such as sugar beet, potatoes or wheat: when used to produce biopolymers, these are classified as non food crops.

Polymer chemistry

polymer chemistMacromolecular ChemistryHistory of polymer chemistry
Polymers can be subdivided into biopolymers and synthetic polymers according to their origin.

Condensation polymer

polycondensationcondensation polymerizationcondensation reaction

Organism

organismsflora and faunaliving organisms
Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.

Biomolecule

biochemicalbiomoleculesbiomolecular
Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.

Monomer

monomersmonomeric-mer
There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures. Biopolymers contain monomeric units that are covalently bonded to form larger structures.

RNA

ribonucleic aciddsRNAdouble-stranded RNA
There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures.

Nucleotide

nucleotidesntdinucleotide
There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures.

Amino acid

amino acidsresiduesresidue
There are three main classes of biopolymers, classified according to the monomeric units used and the structure of the biopolymer formed: polynucleotides (RNA and DNA), which are long polymers composed of 13 or more nucleotide monomers; polypeptides, which are short polymers of amino acids; and polysaccharides, which are often linear bonded polymeric carbohydrate structures.

Natural rubber

rubberIndia rubbercaoutchouc
Other examples of biopolymers include rubber, suberin, melanin and lignin.

Melanin

eumelaninpheomelaninphaeomelanin
Other examples of biopolymers include rubber, suberin, melanin and lignin.

Cellulose

cellulolyticcellulosiccellulose ester
Cellulose is the most common organic compound and biopolymer on Earth.