Biosequestration

absorb carbon dioxide from the atmospherebiologicalBiological sequestrationcarbon sequestrationsequestersequester carbon
Biosequestration is the capture and storage of the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide by continual or enhanced biological processes.wikipedia
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Reforestation

reforestedreforestingreforest
This form of carbon sequestration occurs through increased rates of photosynthesis via land-use practices such as reforestation, sustainable forest management, and genetic engineering. Candell and Raupach argue that there are four primary ways in which reforestation and reducing deforestation can increase biosequestration.
Reforestation can be used to rectify or improve the quality of human life by soaking up pollution and dust from the air, rebuild natural habitats and ecosystems, mitigate global warming since forests facilitate biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and harvest for resources, particularly timber, but also non-timber forest products.

Carbon sequestration

sequestrationsequesteredsequester
This form of carbon sequestration occurs through increased rates of photosynthesis via land-use practices such as reforestation, sustainable forest management, and genetic engineering. It does not generally refer to the sequestering of carbon dioxide in oceans (see carbon sequestration and ocean acidification) or rock formations (see geological sequestration), depleted oil or gas reservoirs (see oil depletion and peak oil), deep saline aquifers, or deep coal seams (see coal mining) (for all see geosequestration) or through the use of industrial chemical carbon dioxide scrubbing.
Biosequestration or carbon sequestration through biological processes affects the global carbon cycle.

Deforestation

deforestedland clearingforest clearing
Candell and Raupach argue that there are four primary ways in which reforestation and reducing deforestation can increase biosequestration.
Deforestation also has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, increasing negative feedback cycles contributing to global warming.

Climate change mitigation

mitigationMitigation of global warmingclimate protection
It is a key policy concept in the climate change mitigation debate.
The main natural process is photosynthesis by plants and single-celled organisms (see biosequestration).

Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage

BECCSBio-energy with carbon storagebioenergy with carbon capture and storage
Additionally, in the context of industrial energy production, strategies such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage to absorb carbon dioxide emissions from coal, petroleum, or natural gas-fired electricity generation can utilize an alternative of algal bio sequestration (see algae bioreactor).

Allan Savory

Savory Institute
Developed by Allan Savory, this practice uses fencing and/or herders to restore grasslands.
He believes grasslands hold the potential to sequester enough atmospheric carbon dioxide to reverse climate change.

Carbon capture and storage

carbon captureCCScarbon capture and sequestration
It does not generally refer to the sequestering of carbon dioxide in oceans (see carbon sequestration and ocean acidification) or rock formations (see geological sequestration), depleted oil or gas reservoirs (see oil depletion and peak oil), deep saline aquifers, or deep coal seams (see coal mining) (for all see geosequestration) or through the use of industrial chemical carbon dioxide scrubbing.

Panicum virgatum

switchgrassswitch grasspanic-grass
Dedicated biofuel and biosequestration crops, such as switchgrass (panicum virgatum), are also being developed.
It is used primarily for soil conservation, forage production, game cover, as an ornamental grass, in phytoremediation projects, fiber, electricity, heat production, for biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and more recently as a biomass crop for ethanol and butanol.

Agrichar

BEST Energies in NSW Australia have spent a decade developing an Agrichar technology that can combust 96 tonnes of dry biomass each day, generating 30-40 tonnes of biochar.
Agrichar is the global brand name and US registered trademark for the biochar produced from the Pacific Pyrolysis proprietary slow pyrolysis process useful in biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, improving fertility of soils and reducing pressure on old growth forests.

C4 carbon fixation

C4C 4 C4 photosynthesis
One such research area involves increasing the Earth's proportion of C4 carbon fixation photosynthetic plants.
Increasing the proportion of plants on earth could assist biosequestration of and represent an important climate change avoidance strategy.

RuBisCO

rbcLrbc''Lribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase
Biosequestration may be enhanced by improving photosynthetic efficiency by modifying RuBisCO genes in plants to increase the catalytic and/or oxygenation activity of that enzyme.
This could improve biosequestration of and be both an important climate change strategy and a strategy to increase crop yields.

Miscanthus giganteus

Miscanthus x giganteusgiant miscanthusMiscantheus giganteus
Miscanthus × giganteus perennial nature, its ability to grow on marginal land, its water efficiency, non-invasiveness, low fertilizer needs, significant carbon sequestration and high yield have sparked a lot of interest among researchers, with some arguing that it has «ideal» energy crop properties.

Garnaut Climate Change Review

Garnaut reportreport
The Garnaut Climate Change Review recommends that a carbon price in a carbon emission trading scheme could include a financial incentive for biosequestration processes.

Carbon dioxide

CO 2 CO2carbon dioxide (CO 2 )
Biosequestration is the capture and storage of the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide by continual or enhanced biological processes.

Photosynthesis

photosyntheticphotosynthesizephotosynthesizing
This form of carbon sequestration occurs through increased rates of photosynthesis via land-use practices such as reforestation, sustainable forest management, and genetic engineering.

Land use

land-useuseuse of land
This form of carbon sequestration occurs through increased rates of photosynthesis via land-use practices such as reforestation, sustainable forest management, and genetic engineering.

Agriculture

farmingagriculturalAgriculturist
Methods and practices exist to enhance soil carbon sequestration in both sectors of agriculture and forestry.

Forestry

loggingtimber tradeforester
Methods and practices exist to enhance soil carbon sequestration in both sectors of agriculture and forestry.

Petroleum

crude oiloilcrude
Additionally, in the context of industrial energy production, strategies such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage to absorb carbon dioxide emissions from coal, petroleum, or natural gas-fired electricity generation can utilize an alternative of algal bio sequestration (see algae bioreactor).

Natural gas

gasgas-firednatural-gas
Additionally, in the context of industrial energy production, strategies such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage to absorb carbon dioxide emissions from coal, petroleum, or natural gas-fired electricity generation can utilize an alternative of algal bio sequestration (see algae bioreactor).

Electricity generation

power generationelectricitygeneration
Additionally, in the context of industrial energy production, strategies such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage to absorb carbon dioxide emissions from coal, petroleum, or natural gas-fired electricity generation can utilize an alternative of algal bio sequestration (see algae bioreactor).

Algae bioreactor

Additionally, in the context of industrial energy production, strategies such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage to absorb carbon dioxide emissions from coal, petroleum, or natural gas-fired electricity generation can utilize an alternative of algal bio sequestration (see algae bioreactor).

Ocean acidification

acidificationacidified the oceansacidification of the oceans
It does not generally refer to the sequestering of carbon dioxide in oceans (see carbon sequestration and ocean acidification) or rock formations (see geological sequestration), depleted oil or gas reservoirs (see oil depletion and peak oil), deep saline aquifers, or deep coal seams (see coal mining) (for all see geosequestration) or through the use of industrial chemical carbon dioxide scrubbing.

Oil depletion

depletionoil crashoil supply is exhausted
It does not generally refer to the sequestering of carbon dioxide in oceans (see carbon sequestration and ocean acidification) or rock formations (see geological sequestration), depleted oil or gas reservoirs (see oil depletion and peak oil), deep saline aquifers, or deep coal seams (see coal mining) (for all see geosequestration) or through the use of industrial chemical carbon dioxide scrubbing.