Biosequestration

absorb carbon dioxide from the atmospherebiologicalBiological sequestrationcarbon sequestrationsequestersequester carbon
Biosequestration is the capture and storage of the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide by continual or enhanced biological processes.wikipedia
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Herd behavior

SheepleHerd behaviourherd instinct
Carefully planned movements of large herds of livestock mimic the processes of nature where grazing animals are kept concentrated by pack predators and forced to move on after eating, trampling, and manuring an area, returning only after it has fully recovered.

Biomimetics

biomimeticbiomimicrybio-mimetic
Carefully planned movements of large herds of livestock mimic the processes of nature where grazing animals are kept concentrated by pack predators and forced to move on after eating, trampling, and manuring an area, returning only after it has fully recovered.

Grazing

grazersgrazegrazed
Carefully planned movements of large herds of livestock mimic the processes of nature where grazing animals are kept concentrated by pack predators and forced to move on after eating, trampling, and manuring an area, returning only after it has fully recovered.

Pack hunter

cooperative huntingpackpacks
Carefully planned movements of large herds of livestock mimic the processes of nature where grazing animals are kept concentrated by pack predators and forced to move on after eating, trampling, and manuring an area, returning only after it has fully recovered.

Mollisol

Mollisolsgrassland soilsMollisol soils
This grazing method seeks to emulate what occurred during the past 40 million years as the expansion of grass-grazer ecosystems built deep, rich grassland soils, sequestering carbon, and consequently cooling the planet.

Joule

JkJMJ
This requires from 0.97 to 1.34 GJ fossil energy to produce 1 tonne of switchgrass, compared with 1.99 to 2.66 GJ to produce 1 tonne of corn.

Phytolith

phytolithsgrittyopal phytoliths
Biosequestration can also be enhanced by species selection to produce large numbers of phytoliths.

Silicon

Sisilicon revolutionsilicium
Phytoliths are microscopic spherical shells of silicon that can store carbon for thousands of years.

Coal

coal seamcoal industrycoal-fired
Industries with large amounts of CO 2 emissions (such as the coal industry) are interested in biosequestration as a means of offsetting their greenhouse gas production.

Algae

algaalgalfilamentous algae
Additionally, in the context of industrial energy production, strategies such as Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage to absorb carbon dioxide emissions from coal, petroleum, or natural gas-fired electricity generation can utilize an alternative of algal bio sequestration (see algae bioreactor). Garnaut recommends the use of algal biosequestration (see algae bioreactor) to absorb the constant stream of carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired electricity generation and metal smelting until renewable forms of energy, such as solar and wind power, become more established contributors to the grid.

Biofuel

biofuelsbio-fuelbio-fuels
Dedicated biofuel and biosequestration crops, such as switchgrass (panicum virgatum), are also being developed.

Sustainable energy

clean energygreen energygreen electricity
Such clean energy production also can be coupled with desalination using salt-tolerant marine algae to generate fresh water and electricity.

Desalination

desalination plantwater desalinationdesalinization
Such clean energy production also can be coupled with desalination using salt-tolerant marine algae to generate fresh water and electricity.

Smelting

smeltersmeltedsmelt
Garnaut recommends the use of algal biosequestration (see algae bioreactor) to absorb the constant stream of carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired electricity generation and metal smelting until renewable forms of energy, such as solar and wind power, become more established contributors to the grid.

United Nations REDD Programme

UN-REDDUN-REDD programUN-REDD Programme
The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) is a collaboration between FAO, UNDP and UNEP under which a trust fund established in July 2008 allows donors to pool resources to generate the requisite transfer flow of resources to significantly reduce global emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

Food and Agriculture Organization

FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsUnited Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) is a collaboration between FAO, UNDP and UNEP under which a trust fund established in July 2008 allows donors to pool resources to generate the requisite transfer flow of resources to significantly reduce global emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

United Nations Development Programme

UNDPUnited Nations Development ProgramUN Development Programme
The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) is a collaboration between FAO, UNDP and UNEP under which a trust fund established in July 2008 allows donors to pool resources to generate the requisite transfer flow of resources to significantly reduce global emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

United Nations Environment Programme

UNEPUnited Nations Environment ProgramUnited Nations Environmental Programme
The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) is a collaboration between FAO, UNDP and UNEP under which a trust fund established in July 2008 allows donors to pool resources to generate the requisite transfer flow of resources to significantly reduce global emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

Stern Review

Stern reportStern Review on the Economics of Climate Changeinherent discounting
The UK government's Stern Review on the economics of climate change argued that curbing deforestation was a "highly cost-effective way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions".

James Hansen

James E. HansenJim HansenDr. James Hansen
James E. Hansen argues that, "An effective way to achieve drawdown [of carbon dioxide] would be to burn biofuels in power plants and capture the CO 2, with the biofuels derived from agricultural or urban wastes or grown on degraded lands using little or no fossil fuel inputs."

Biosphere

ecospherebiosphericenvironment
Biosequestration assists human beings to increase their collective and individual contributions to the essential resources of the biosphere. The policy case for biosequestration overlaps with principles of ecology, sustainability and sustainable development, as well as biosphere, biodiversity and ecosystem protection, environmental ethics, climate ethics, and natural conservation.

Ecology

ecologicalecologistecologically
The policy case for biosequestration overlaps with principles of ecology, sustainability and sustainable development, as well as biosphere, biodiversity and ecosystem protection, environmental ethics, climate ethics, and natural conservation.

Sustainable development

sustainablesustainable growthsustainability
The policy case for biosequestration overlaps with principles of ecology, sustainability and sustainable development, as well as biosphere, biodiversity and ecosystem protection, environmental ethics, climate ethics, and natural conservation.

Ecosystem

ecosystemsenvironmenteco-system
The policy case for biosequestration overlaps with principles of ecology, sustainability and sustainable development, as well as biosphere, biodiversity and ecosystem protection, environmental ethics, climate ethics, and natural conservation.

Environmental ethics

environmentalenvironmentenvironmental ethicist
The policy case for biosequestration overlaps with principles of ecology, sustainability and sustainable development, as well as biosphere, biodiversity and ecosystem protection, environmental ethics, climate ethics, and natural conservation.