An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.
A Boeing 737 airliner is an example of a fixed-wing aircraft
First World War Sopwith Camel biplane
Airco DH.2 "pusher" scout
Delta (triangular) kite
1920s biplane hang glider
The USAF Lockheed Martin F-35A
Boys flying a kite in 1828 Bavaria, by Johann Michael Voltz
Soviet Antonov An-2 biplane from the 1940s
SPAD S.A.2, with gunner in "basket" up front
Le Bris and his glider, Albatros II, photographed by Nadar, 1868
Wing stagger on a Fleet Finch primary trainer
Jules Védrines in his Nieuport 16, armed with a Lewis, after clearing the front line of German observation balloons with the first rocket attack in history
Wright Flyer III piloted by Orville Wright over Huffman Prairie, 4 October 1905
The much smaller lower wing is apparent in this photo of a Nieuport 17
A replica German Fokker Dr.I
Santos-Dumont's self-propelled 14-bis on an old postcard
Otto Lilienthal flying his Large Biplane in Lichterfelde (near Berlin) on October 19, 1895
Nieuport-Delage NiD.52, which in various forms would be used through the 20s and into the 1930s by various European air arms, including that of the French and Spanish.
Curtiss NC-4 flying boat after it completed the first crossing of the Atlantic in 1919, standing next to a fixed-wing heavier-than-air aircraft
1909 Voisin biplane, with "curtains" connecting the upper and lower wings
A Messerschmitt Bf 109E warbird demonstrator
Aircraft parked on the ground in Afghanistan
Late 1930s Fiat CR.42 Falco with Warren truss interplane struts which reduced the work needed in rigging a biplane
A Supermarine Spitfire, typical World War II fighter optimized for high level speeds and good climb rates.
A glider (sailplane) being winch-launched
Boeing-Stearman Model 75 PT-13D biplane trainer from the 30s and 40s
Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat, early 1942
Ultralight "airchair" Goat 1 glider
Polikarpov Po-2, of which over 20,000 were built by the Soviet Union
North American P-51D Mustang during WWII
A 1943 USAAF Waco CG-4A
Mauro Solar Riser electric-powered ultralight biplane
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was one of the fastest aircraft of WWII.
Hang gliding
Zeppelin-Lindau D.I strutless biplane
The Gloster Meteor was Britain’s first jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft used during World War II
A kite in flight
Nieuport 23 single-bay sesquiplane
English Electric Lightning
Chinese dragon kite more than one hundred feet long which flew in the Berkeley, California, kite festival in 2000
SPAD S.XIII single-bay biplane with auxiliary struts
U.S. Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
A quad-line traction kite, commonly used as a power source for kite surfing
Curtiss JN-4 two-bay biplane
The U.S. Air Force McDonnell F-15 Eagle
Train of connected kites
Handley Page V/1500 four-bay or multi-bay biplane
A MiG-31 of the Russian Air Force
The IAI Heron is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a twin-boom configuration
The Gloster Gladiator, A WWII Fighter bi-plane
An F/A-18C Hornet
The An-225 Mriya, the largest airplane in the world, which can carry a 250-tonne payload, has two vertical stabilizers
The Dassault Rafale over RIAT in 2009
Captured Morane-Saulnier L wire-braced parasol monoplane
Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor at the 2008 Joint Services Open House airshow
Two Dassault Mirage G prototypes, one with wings swept (top)
Chengdu J-20 at the 2018 airshow in China
The US-produced B-2 Spirit, a strategic bomber capable of intercontinental missions, has a flying wing configuration
The Sukhoi Su-57 of the Russian Air Force
Computer-generated model of the Boeing X-48
M61 20 mm gun installation on West German Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
The Martin Aircraft Company X-24 was built as part of a 1963–1975 experimental US military program
AIM-9 Sidewinder (underwing pylon) and AIM-120 AMRAAM (wingtip) carried by lightweight F-16 fighter
Canards on the Saab Viggen
An MBDA Meteor, an ARH BVR AAM used on the Eurofighter Typhoon, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Lockheed Martin F-35, and Dassault Rafale
Typical light aircraft (Cessna 150M) cockpit with control yokes
The Chengdu J-20 of the People's Liberation Army Air Force
The six basic flight instruments. Top row (left to right): airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, altimeter. Bottom row (left to right): turn coordinator, heading indicator, vertical speed indicator.

Fighter aircraft are fixed-wing military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat.

- Fighter aircraft

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

- Biplane

Following World War I, this helped extend the era of the biplane and, despite the performance disadvantages, most fighter aircraft were biplanes as late as the mid-1930s.

- Biplane

The earliest known aerial victory with a synchronized machine gun-armed fighter aircraft occurred in 1915, by German Luftstreitkräfte Leutnant Kurt Wintgens.

- Fixed-wing aircraft

Early fighters were very small and lightly armed by later standards, and most were biplanes built with a wooden frame covered with fabric, and a maximum airspeed of about 100 mph. As control of the airspace over armies became increasingly important, all of the major powers developed fighters to support their military operations.

- Fighter aircraft

A monoplane, which derives from the prefix, mono means one which means it has a single wing plane, a biplane has two stacked one above the other, a tandem wing has two placed one behind the other.

- Fixed-wing aircraft
An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.

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Low wing on a Curtiss P-40


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Low wing on a Curtiss P-40
Parasol wing on a Pietenpol Air Camper
The Santos-Dumont Demoiselle was the first production monoplane (replica shown).
The Junkers J 1 monoplane pioneered all-metal construction in 1915.

A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft configuration with a single mainplane, in contrast to a biplane or other types of multiplanes, which have multiple planes.

The parasol wing allows for an efficient design with good pilot visibility, and was adopted for some fighters such as the Fokker D.VIII and Morane-Saulnier AI in the later part of the First World War.