A report on Biplane and Fixed-wing aircraft

First World War Sopwith Camel biplane
A Boeing 737 airliner is an example of a fixed-wing aircraft
1920s biplane hang glider
Delta (triangular) kite
Soviet Antonov An-2 biplane from the 1940s
Boys flying a kite in 1828 Bavaria, by Johann Michael Voltz
Wing stagger on a Fleet Finch primary trainer
Le Bris and his glider, Albatros II, photographed by Nadar, 1868
The much smaller lower wing is apparent in this photo of a Nieuport 17
Wright Flyer III piloted by Orville Wright over Huffman Prairie, 4 October 1905
Otto Lilienthal flying his Large Biplane in Lichterfelde (near Berlin) on October 19, 1895
Santos-Dumont's self-propelled 14-bis on an old postcard
1909 Voisin biplane, with "curtains" connecting the upper and lower wings
Curtiss NC-4 flying boat after it completed the first crossing of the Atlantic in 1919, standing next to a fixed-wing heavier-than-air aircraft
Late 1930s Fiat CR.42 Falco with Warren truss interplane struts which reduced the work needed in rigging a biplane
Aircraft parked on the ground in Afghanistan
Boeing-Stearman Model 75 PT-13D biplane trainer from the 30s and 40s
A glider (sailplane) being winch-launched
Polikarpov Po-2, of which over 20,000 were built by the Soviet Union
Ultralight "airchair" Goat 1 glider
Mauro Solar Riser electric-powered ultralight biplane
A 1943 USAAF Waco CG-4A
Zeppelin-Lindau D.I strutless biplane
Hang gliding
Nieuport 23 single-bay sesquiplane
A kite in flight
SPAD S.XIII single-bay biplane with auxiliary struts
Chinese dragon kite more than one hundred feet long which flew in the Berkeley, California, kite festival in 2000
Curtiss JN-4 two-bay biplane
A quad-line traction kite, commonly used as a power source for kite surfing
Handley Page V/1500 four-bay or multi-bay biplane
Train of connected kites
The Gloster Gladiator, A WWII Fighter bi-plane
The IAI Heron is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a twin-boom configuration
The An-225 Mriya, the largest airplane in the world, which can carry a 250-tonne payload, has two vertical stabilizers
Captured Morane-Saulnier L wire-braced parasol monoplane
Two Dassault Mirage G prototypes, one with wings swept (top)
The US-produced B-2 Spirit, a strategic bomber capable of intercontinental missions, has a flying wing configuration
Computer-generated model of the Boeing X-48
The Martin Aircraft Company X-24 was built as part of a 1963–1975 experimental US military program
Canards on the Saab Viggen
Typical light aircraft (Cessna 150M) cockpit with control yokes
The six basic flight instruments. Top row (left to right): airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, altimeter. Bottom row (left to right): turn coordinator, heading indicator, vertical speed indicator.

A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.

- Biplane

A monoplane, which derives from the prefix, mono means one which means it has a single wing plane, a biplane has two stacked one above the other, a tandem wing has two placed one behind the other.

- Fixed-wing aircraft
First World War Sopwith Camel biplane

4 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Low wing on a Curtiss P-40

Monoplane

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Low wing on a Curtiss P-40
Parasol wing on a Pietenpol Air Camper
The Santos-Dumont Demoiselle was the first production monoplane (replica shown).
The Junkers J 1 monoplane pioneered all-metal construction in 1915.

A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft configuration with a single mainplane, in contrast to a biplane or other types of multiplanes, which have multiple planes.

An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.

Fighter aircraft

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An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.
Airco DH.2 "pusher" scout
The USAF Lockheed Martin F-35A
SPAD S.A.2, with gunner in "basket" up front
Jules Védrines in his Nieuport 16, armed with a Lewis, after clearing the front line of German observation balloons with the first rocket attack in history
A replica German Fokker Dr.I
Nieuport-Delage NiD.52, which in various forms would be used through the 20s and into the 1930s by various European air arms, including that of the French and Spanish.
A Messerschmitt Bf 109E warbird demonstrator
A Supermarine Spitfire, typical World War II fighter optimized for high level speeds and good climb rates.
Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat, early 1942
North American P-51D Mustang during WWII
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was one of the fastest aircraft of WWII.
The Gloster Meteor was Britain’s first jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft used during World War II
English Electric Lightning
U.S. Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
The U.S. Air Force McDonnell F-15 Eagle
A MiG-31 of the Russian Air Force
An F/A-18C Hornet
The Dassault Rafale over RIAT in 2009
Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor at the 2008 Joint Services Open House airshow
Chengdu J-20 at the 2018 airshow in China
The Sukhoi Su-57 of the Russian Air Force
M61 20 mm gun installation on West German Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
AIM-9 Sidewinder (underwing pylon) and AIM-120 AMRAAM (wingtip) carried by lightweight F-16 fighter
An MBDA Meteor, an ARH BVR AAM used on the Eurofighter Typhoon, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Lockheed Martin F-35, and Dassault Rafale
The Chengdu J-20 of the People's Liberation Army Air Force

Fighter aircraft are fixed-wing military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat.

Early fighters were very small and lightly armed by later standards, and most were biplanes built with a wooden frame covered with fabric, and a maximum airspeed of about 100 mph. As control of the airspace over armies became increasingly important, all of the major powers developed fighters to support their military operations.

North American P-51 Mustang, a World War II fighter aircraft

Airplane

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North American P-51 Mustang, a World War II fighter aircraft
The first flight of an airplane, the Wright Flyer on December 17, 1903
An All Nippon Airways Boeing 777-300ER taking off from New York JFK Airport
Le Bris and his glider, Albatros II, photographed by Nadar, 1868
Otto Lilienthal in mid-flight, c. 1895
Patent drawings of Clement Ader's Éole.
Santos-Dumont 14-bis, between 1906 and 1907
The Concorde supersonic transport aircraft
An Antonov An-2 biplane
Solar Impulse 1, a solar-powered aircraft with electric motors.
Artist's concept of X-43A with scramjet attached to the underside
Bell X-1 in flight, 1947
Assembly line of the SR-71 Blackbird at Skunk Works, Lockheed Martin’s Advanced Development Programs (ADP).
An Airbus A321 on final assembly line 3 in the Airbus Hamburg-Finkenwerder plant.
An IAI Heron - an unmanned aerial vehicle with a twin-boom configuration
The An-225 Mriya, which can carry a 250-tonne payload, has two vertical stabilizers.
Captured Morane-Saulnier L wire-braced parasol monoplane
Two Dassault Mirage G prototypes, one with wings swept
The US-produced B-2 Spirit is a strategic bomber. It has a flying wing configuration and is capable of intercontinental missions
Computer-generated model of the Boeing X-48
The Martin Aircraft Company X-24 was built as part of a 1963 to 1975 experimental US military program.
Canards on the Saab Viggen
A light aircraft (Robin DR400/500) cockpit
Water vapor contrails left by high-altitude jet airliners. These may contribute to cirrus cloud formation.

An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller, or rocket engine.

A monoplane has a single wing plane, a biplane has two stacked one above the other, a tandem wing has two placed one behind the other.

A schematic image of three types of cantilever. The top example has a full moment connection (like a horizontal flagpole bolted to the side of a building). The middle example is created by an extension of a simple supported beam (such as the way a diving board is anchored and extends over the edge of a swimming pool). The bottom example is created by adding a Robin boundary condition to the beam element, which essentially adds an elastic spring to the end board. The middle and bottom example may be considered structurally equivalent, depending on the effective stiffness of the spring and beam element.

Cantilever

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Rigid structural element that extends horizontally and is supported at only one end.

Rigid structural element that extends horizontally and is supported at only one end.

A schematic image of three types of cantilever. The top example has a full moment connection (like a horizontal flagpole bolted to the side of a building). The middle example is created by an extension of a simple supported beam (such as the way a diving board is anchored and extends over the edge of a swimming pool). The bottom example is created by adding a Robin boundary condition to the beam element, which essentially adds an elastic spring to the end board. The middle and bottom example may be considered structurally equivalent, depending on the effective stiffness of the spring and beam element.
The pioneering Junkers J 1 all-metal monoplane of 1915, the first aircraft to fly with cantilever wings
de Havilland DH.88 Comet G-ACSS, winner of the Great Air Race of 1934, showing off its cantilever wing
SEM image of a used AFM cantilever
MEMS cantilever in resonance
The Forth Bridge, a cantilever truss bridge
This concrete bridge temporarily functions as a set of two balanced cantilevers during construction – with further cantilevers jutting out to support formwork.
Howrah Bridge in India, a cantilever bridge
A cantilevered balcony of the Fallingwater house, by Frank Lloyd Wright
A cantilevered railroad deck and fence on the Canton Viaduct
A cantilever barn in rural Tennessee
Cantilever barn at Cades Cove
A double jettied building in Cambridge, England
Cantilever occurring in the game "Jenga"
Cantilever facade of Riverplace Tower in Jacksonville, Florida, by Welton Becket and KBJ Architects
This radiograph of a "bridge" dental restoration features a cantilevered crown to the left.
Ronan Point: Structural failure of part of floors cantilevered from a central shaft.

The cantilever is commonly used in the wings of fixed-wing aircraft.

About a year after the initial success of the Junkers J 1, Reinhold Platz of Fokker also achieved success with a cantilever-winged sesquiplane built instead with wooden materials, the Fokker V.1.