Bipolar disorder

bipolarmanic depressionmanic depressivemanic-depressivebipolar depressionbi-polar disorderbipolar affective disordermanic-depressionbipolar disordersbipolar spectrum
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and abnormally elevated moods.wikipedia
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Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and abnormally elevated moods.
Common mental disorders include depression, which affects about 300 million, bipolar disorder, which affects about 60 million, dementia, which affects about 50 million, and schizophrenia and other psychoses, which affects about 23 million people globally.

Psychosis

psychoticpsychosespsychotic break
The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania, or hypomania if less severe and symptoms of psychosis are absent.
These include mental illness, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, sleep deprivation, some medical conditions, certain medications, and drugs such as alcohol or cannabis.

Bipolar II disorder

bipolar IIbipolarII
The condition is classified as bipolar I disorder if there has been at least one manic episode, with or without depressive episodes, and as bipolar II disorder if there has been at least one hypomanic episode (but no full manic episodes) and one major depressive episode.
Bipolar II disorder is a bipolar spectrum disorder (see also: Bipolar I disorder) characterized by at least one episode of hypomania and at least one episode of major depression.

Lithium (medication)

lithiumlithium saltslithium salt
Mood stabilizers may improve mood disturbances, and include lithium and certain anticonvulsants such as valproate and carbamazepine.
This includes the treatment of major depressive disorder that does not improve following the use of other antidepressants, and bipolar disorder.

Anticonvulsant

anticonvulsantsantiepilepticantiepileptic drugs
Mood stabilizers may improve mood disturbances, and include lithium and certain anticonvulsants such as valproate and carbamazepine.
Anticonvulsants are also increasingly being used in the treatment of bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder, since many seem to act as mood stabilizers, and for the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Cyclothymia

cyclothymiccyclothymic disorderAffective personality disorder
In those with less severe symptoms of a prolonged duration, the condition cyclothymic disorder may be diagnosed.
Risk factors include a family history of bipolar disorder.

Psychiatric hospital

mental hospitalmental institutionasylum
Involuntary treatment in a psychiatric hospital may be needed if a person is a risk to themselves or others but refuses treatment.
Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as major depressive disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Carbamazepine

TegretolEpitolAtretol
Mood stabilizers may improve mood disturbances, and include lithium and certain anticonvulsants such as valproate and carbamazepine.
It is used in schizophrenia along with other medications and as a second-line agent in bipolar disorder.

Delirium

deliriousconfusionAcute confusional state
Mania is a distinct period of at least one week of elevated or irritable mood, which can range from euphoria to delirium, and those experiencing hypomania or mania generally exhibit several of the following behaviors: speaking in a rapid, uninterruptible manner, decreased need for sleep, short attention span, racing thoughts, increased goal-oriented activities, agitation, or exhibition of behaviors characterized as impulsive or high-risk, such as hypersexuality or excessive spending.
schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) do not, by definition, meet the criteria for 'delirium.'

Electroconvulsive therapy

electroshock therapyelectroshockshock therapy
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), while not very well studied, may be tried for those who do not respond to other treatments.
They were re-classified as Class II devices, for treatment of catatonia, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder, in 2018.

Euphoria

euphoriceuphorianthigh
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and abnormally elevated moods. Mania can present with varying levels of mood disturbance, ranging from euphoria that is associated with "classic mania" to dysphoria and irritability.
Affective disorders such as unipolar mania or bipolar disorder can involve euphoria as a symptom.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADHDattention deficit disorderhyperactivity
Other conditions that may present similarly include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, personality disorders, schizophrenia and substance use disorder as well as a number of medical conditions.
Symptoms of ADHD, such as low mood and poor self-image, mood swings, and irritability, can be confused with dysthymia, cyclothymia or bipolar disorder as well as with borderline personality disorder.

Psychomotor agitation

agitationrestlessnessexcitement
The core symptom of mania involves an increase in energy of psychomotor activity.
Psychomotor agitation is typically found in major depressive disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder, and sometimes the manic phase in bipolar disorder, though it can also be a result of an excess intake of stimulants.

Impulsivity

impulsiveimpulsivenessimpulsive behavior
Mania can also present with increased self-esteem or grandiosity, rapid speech, the subjective feeling of rapid thoughts, disinhibited social behavior, or impulsivity.
Impulsivity is both a facet of personality and a major component of various disorders, including ADHD, substance use disorders, bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and borderline personality disorder.

Hypersexuality

nymphomaniachypersexualsatyriasis
Mania is a distinct period of at least one week of elevated or irritable mood, which can range from euphoria to delirium, and those experiencing hypomania or mania generally exhibit several of the following behaviors: speaking in a rapid, uninterruptible manner, decreased need for sleep, short attention span, racing thoughts, increased goal-oriented activities, agitation, or exhibition of behaviors characterized as impulsive or high-risk, such as hypersexuality or excessive spending.
Hypersexuality may be a primary condition, or the symptom of another medical disease or condition, for example, Klüver-Bucy syndrome or bipolar disorder.

Mood swing

mood changesaltered moodmood
Even when family and friends recognize mood swings, the individual will often deny that anything is wrong.
However, when mood swings are so strong that they are disruptive, they may be the main part of a bipolar disorder.

Dysphoria

dysphoricdysphoric moodagitation
Mania can present with varying levels of mood disturbance, ranging from euphoria that is associated with "classic mania" to dysphoria and irritability.
One may treat underlying causes such as depression or bipolar disorder as well as the dysphoric symptoms themselves.

Self-harm

self-mutilationself-injuryself harm
The risk of suicide among those with the illness is high at greater than 6 percent over 20 years, while self-harm occurs in 30–40 percent.
The key areas of disorder which exhibit an increased risk include autism spectrum disorders, borderline personality disorder, dissociative disorders, bipolar disorder, depression, phobias, and conduct disorders.

Racing thoughts

Mania is a distinct period of at least one week of elevated or irritable mood, which can range from euphoria to delirium, and those experiencing hypomania or mania generally exhibit several of the following behaviors: speaking in a rapid, uninterruptible manner, decreased need for sleep, short attention span, racing thoughts, increased goal-oriented activities, agitation, or exhibition of behaviors characterized as impulsive or high-risk, such as hypersexuality or excessive spending.
While racing thoughts are most commonly described in people with bipolar disorder and sleep apnea, they are also common with anxiety disorders, OCD, and other psychiatric disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Delusion

delusionsdelusionalparanoid delusions
Hypomania is the milder form of mania, defined as at least four days of the same criteria as mania, but which does not cause a significant decrease in the individual's ability to socialize or work, lacks psychotic features such as delusions or hallucinations, and does not require psychiatric hospitalization.
Delusions have been found to occur in the context of many pathological states (both general physical and mental) and are of particular diagnostic importance in psychotic disorders including schizophrenia, paraphrenia, manic episodes of bipolar disorder, and psychotic depression.

Schizophrenia

schizophrenicschizophrenicspositive symptoms
Other conditions that may present similarly include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, personality disorders, schizophrenia and substance use disorder as well as a number of medical conditions.
There is a genetic relation between the common variants which cause schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, an inverse genetic correlation with intelligence and no genetic correlation with immune disorders.

Mood (psychology)

moodmoodsatmosphere
Both mania and depression are characterized by disruptions in normal mood, psychomotor activity, circadian rhythm, and cognition.
Long term disturbances of mood such as clinical depression and bipolar disorder are considered mood disorders.

Grandiosity

grandiosegrandiose selfaggrandising
Mania can also present with increased self-esteem or grandiosity, rapid speech, the subjective feeling of rapid thoughts, disinhibited social behavior, or impulsivity.
The personality trait of grandiosity is principally associated with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), but also is a feature in the occurrence and expression of antisocial personality disorder, and the manic and hypomanic episodes of bipolar disorder.

Dopamine receptor D4

D 4 DRD47 repeat variant of dopamine receptor D4
Polymorphisms in BDNF, DRD4, DAO, and TPH1 have been frequently associated with bipolar disorder and were initially successful in a meta-analysis, but failed after correction for multiple testing.
It is linked to many neurological and psychiatric conditions including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, ADHD, addictive behaviors, Parkinson's disease, and eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa.

Major depressive episode

depressive episodedepressionmajor depressive episodes
Symptoms of the depressive phase of bipolar disorder include persistent feelings of sadness, irritability or anger, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, excessive or inappropriate guilt, hopelessness, sleeping too much or not enough, changes in appetite and/or weight, fatigue, problems concentrating, self-loathing or feelings of worthlessness, and thoughts of death or suicide.