Birmingham

Birmingham, EnglandCity of BirminghamBirmingham, United KingdomBirmingham CBBirmingham, UKBirmingham, England, UK BirminghamB'''irminghamBirmingham CityBrum
Birmingham (, locally also: ) is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom, after London, and the most populous city in the English Midlands.wikipedia
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Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJoseph The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
The resulting high level of social mobility also fostered a culture of political radicalism which, under leaders from Thomas Attwood to Joseph Chamberlain, was to give it a political influence unparalleled in Britain outside London, and a pivotal role in the development of British democracy.
Chamberlain made his career in Birmingham, first as a manufacturer of screws and then as a notable mayor of the city.

City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra

City of Birmingham SymphonyCity of Birmingham OrchestraCBSO
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) is a British orchestra based in Birmingham, England.

Art of Birmingham

art in Birminghamartartistic
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes. The town developed into a notable centre of literary, musical, artistic and theatrical activity; and its leading citizens – particularly the members of the Lunar Society of Birmingham – became influential participants in the circulation of philosophical and scientific ideas among Europe's intellectual elite.
Birmingham has a distinctive culture of art and design that emerged in the 1750s, driven by the historic importance of the applied arts to the city's manufacturing economy.

Popular music of Birmingham

music
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
Birmingham's culture of popular music first developed in the mid-1950s.

Literature of Birmingham

literary
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes. The town developed into a notable centre of literary, musical, artistic and theatrical activity; and its leading citizens – particularly the members of the Lunar Society of Birmingham – became influential participants in the circulation of philosophical and scientific ideas among Europe's intellectual elite.
The literary tradition of Birmingham originally grew out of the culture of religious puritanism that developed in the town in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Midlands Enlightenment

English Midland Enlightenment
A market town in the medieval period, Birmingham grew in the 18th-century Midlands Enlightenment and subsequent Industrial Revolution, which saw advances in science, technology, and economic development, producing a series of innovations that laid many of the foundations of modern industrial society.
The Midlands Enlightenment, also known as the West Midlands Enlightenment or the Birmingham Enlightenment, was a scientific, economic, political, cultural and legal manifestation of the Age of Enlightenment that developed in Birmingham and the wider English Midlands during the second half of the eighteenth century.

Brummie dialect

Birmingham accentBostinBrum
People from Birmingham are called Brummies, a term derived from the city's nickname of "Brum", which originates from the city's old name, Brummagem, which in turn is thought to have derived from "Bromwich-ham".
The Brummie dialect, or more formally the Birmingham dialect, is spoken by many people in Birmingham, England and some of its surrounding areas.

Food and drink in Birmingham

culinaryFood & Drink in Birmingham – Limes
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
As with any large town or city, food and drink has played an important role in the commerce and culture of Birmingham, England.

Brummagem

Brum
People from Birmingham are called Brummies, a term derived from the city's nickname of "Brum", which originates from the city's old name, Brummagem, which in turn is thought to have derived from "Bromwich-ham".
Brummagem (and historically also Bromichan, Bremicham and many similar variants, all essentially "Bromwich-ham") is the local name for the city of Birmingham, England, and the dialect associated with it. It gave rise to the terms Brum (a shortened version of Brummagem) and Brummie (applied to inhabitants of the city, their accent and dialect).

Library of Birmingham

new site
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
The Library of Birmingham is a public library in Birmingham, England.

Birmingham Repertory Theatre

Birmingham RepBirmingham Repertory CompanyBirmingham
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
Birmingham Repertory Theatre, commonly called Birmingham Rep or just The Rep, is a producing theatre based on Centenary Square in Birmingham, England.

Birmingham Blitz

Birminghamair raids1940 air raid on West Bromwich
From the summer of 1940 to the spring of 1943, Birmingham was bombed heavily by the German Luftwaffe in what is known as the Birmingham Blitz.
The Birmingham Blitz was the heavy bombing by the Nazi German Luftwaffe of the city of Birmingham and surrounding towns in central England, beginning on 9 August 1940 and ending on 23 April 1943.

Barber Institute of Fine Arts

Barber InstituteBarber Institute for Fine ArtsBarber Institute of Fine Arts at the University of Birmingham
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
The Barber Institute of Fine Arts is an art gallery and concert hall in Birmingham, England.

Edgbaston

BirminghamEdgabastonEdgbaston Priory Club
During the 1st-century Roman conquest of Britain, the forested country of the Birmingham Plateau formed a barrier to the advancing Roman legions, who built the large Metchley Fort in the area of modern-day Edgbaston in AD 48, and made it the focus of a network of Roman roads.
Edgbaston is an affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, England, curved around the southwest of the city centre.

City status in the United Kingdom

city statuscitycathedral city
Birmingham (, locally also: ) is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom, after London, and the most populous city in the English Midlands.
The link with Anglican dioceses was broken within England in 1889 when Birmingham successfully petitioned for city status (it was pre-empted in Ireland by Belfast in 1888) on the grounds of its large population and history of good local government.

Second city of the United Kingdom

second citymany cities argue the title was theirssecond city of the UK
Birmingham is frequently referred to as the United Kingdom's "second city".
Birmingham has generally been regarded as the second city of the United Kingdom in terms of populace and GDP while Edinburgh has been promoted as the second city by virtue as the capital of Scotland.

The Midlands

MidlandsEnglish MidlandsMidland
Birmingham (, locally also: ) is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom, after London, and the most populous city in the English Midlands.
Its largest city is Birmingham.

De Birmingham family

de Berminghamde Bermingham family
The principal governing institutions of medieval Birmingham – including the Guild of the Holy Cross and the lordship of the de Birmingham family – collapsed between 1536 and 1547, leaving the town with an unusually high degree of social and economic freedom and initiating a period of transition and growth.
The de Birmingham family held the lordship of Birmingham in England for four hundred years and managed its growth from a small village into a thriving market town.

Birmingham Royal Ballet

Sadler's Wells Royal BalletSadler's Wells Theatre BalletRoyal Ballet
Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
Consequently, the company relocated to Birmingham in 1990, being given its current name Birmingham Royal Ballet.

Warwickshire

County of WarwickWarwickCounty of Warwickshire
Despite this early importance, by the time of the Domesday Book of 1086 the manor of Birmingham was one of the poorest and least populated in Warwickshire, valued at only 20 shillings, with the area of the modern city divided between the counties of Warwickshire, Staffordshire and Worcestershire.
The historic county boundaries include Coventry and Solihull, as well as much of Birmingham.

Lunar Society of Birmingham

Lunar SocietyLunar Circle
The town developed into a notable centre of literary, musical, artistic and theatrical activity; and its leading citizens – particularly the members of the Lunar Society of Birmingham – became influential participants in the circulation of philosophical and scientific ideas among Europe's intellectual elite.
The Lunar Society of Birmingham was a dinner club and informal learned society of prominent figures in the Midlands Enlightenment, including industrialists, natural philosophers and intellectuals, who met regularly between 1765 and 1813 in Birmingham, England.

Matthew Boulton

BoultonBoulton and Fothergill
The close relationship between Enlightenment Birmingham's leading thinkers and its major manufacturers – in men like Matthew Boulton and James Keir they were often in fact the same people – made it particularly important for the exchange of knowledge between pure science and the practical world of manufacturing and technology.
Born in Birmingham, he was the son of a Birmingham manufacturer of small metal products who died when Boulton was 31.

Guild of the Holy Cross

The principal governing institutions of medieval Birmingham – including the Guild of the Holy Cross and the lordship of the de Birmingham family – collapsed between 1536 and 1547, leaving the town with an unusually high degree of social and economic freedom and initiating a period of transition and growth.
The Guild or Gild of the Holy Cross was a medieval religious guild in Birmingham, England.

Upper Priory Cotton Mill

world's first cotton mill
In 1741 they opened the world's first cotton mill in Birmingham's Upper Priory.
The Upper Priory Cotton Mill, opened in Birmingham, England in the summer of 1741, was the world's first mechanised cotton-spinning factory or cotton mill.

Building society

building societiesbuilding or cooperative societiesmutual building society
Lloyds Bank was founded in the town in 1765, and Ketley's Building Society, the world's first building society, in 1775.
Building societies as an institution began in late-18th century Birmingham - a town which was undergoing rapid economic and physical expansion driven by a multiplicity of small metalworking firms, whose many highly skilled and prosperous owners readily invested in property.