The charters of 1166 and 1189 established Birmingham as a market town and seigneurial borough.
The East Prospect of Birmingham (1732), engraving by William Westley
Matthew Boulton, a prominent early industrialist
The Soho Manufactory of 1765 – pioneer of the factory system and the industrial steam engine
Thomas Attwood addressing a 200,000-strong meeting of the Birmingham Political Union during the Days of May 1832 – oil on canvas by Benjamin Haydon (c. 1832–1833)
Ruins of the Bull Ring, destroyed during the Birmingham Blitz, 1940
Aftermath of the bomb attack on the Mulberry Bush Pub during the pub bombings of 1974
World leaders meet in Birmingham for the 1998 G8 Summit
The Council House, headquarters of Birmingham City Council
Birmingham and the wider West Midlands Built-up Area seen from ESA Sentinel-2
The city as seen from Studley Tower in Highgate.
Birmingham Botanical Gardens
Historical population of Birmingham, between 1651 and 2011
Colmore Row, at the heart of Birmingham's Business District, is traditionally the most prestigious business address in the city.
The Jaguar F-Type, made by Jaguar Land Rover at Castle Bromwich Assembly
Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla conducting the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra at Symphony Hall
Birmingham Town Hall dating from 1834, one of the most prominent music venues in the city
Black Sabbath, pioneers of heavy metal, formed in Birmingham in 1968.
The Birmingham Hippodrome, home of the Birmingham Royal Ballet, is the UK's busiest single theatre.
W. H. Auden grew up in the Birmingham area and resided there for much of his early life.
Rhyl Sands (c.1854), by David Cox, a major figure in the Birmingham School of landscape artists
Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Digbeth Institute, an influential music venue since the 1960s
Birmingham's St Patrick's Day parade, the largest in Europe outside Dublin,
is the city's largest single-day event.
Simpsons in Edgbaston, one of the city's five Michelin-starred restaurants
17 & 19 Newhall Street, constructed in Birmingham's characteristic Victorian red brick and terracotta style
The iconic Selfridges Building,
by architects Future Systems
The Old Crown Pub is one of the oldest buildings in Birmingham.
The Gravelly Hill Interchange, where the M6 motorway meets the Aston Expressway, is the original Spaghetti Junction.
Birmingham New Street is the largest and busiest railway station in the UK outside London.
The West Midlands Metro is the growing tram system in Birmingham.
National Express West Midlands operates most of the major bus routes in Birmingham.
University of Birmingham
Aston University
Moseley School, one of the largest of the city's 77 secondary schools
The Library of Birmingham is the new home for the largest municipal library in Europe.
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Edgbaston houses the largest single floor critical care unit in the world.
Aston Villa vs Birmingham City in the Second City derby at Villa Park
Test cricket at Edgbaston Cricket Ground
International athletics at the National Indoor Arena
The Electric is the oldest working cinema in the UK.
The Mailbox, headquarters of BBC Birmingham

Largest city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

- Birmingham

500 related topics


United Kingdom

Sovereign country in Europe, off the north-western coast of the continental mainland.

Stonehenge in Wiltshire is a ring of stones, each about 13 ft high, 7 ft wide and 25 tonnes, erected 2400–2200 BC.
The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Hastings, 1066, and the events leading to it.
The Treaty of Union led to a united kingdom of all of Great Britain.
At the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, a British-led coalition under the Duke of Wellington, supported by von Blücher's Prussian army, defeated the French, ending the Napoleonic Wars.
Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme. More than 885,000 British soldiers died on the battlefields of the First World War.
Territories once part of the British Empire, with the United Kingdom and its current Overseas Dependencies and Crown Dependencies underlined in red
Leaders of EU states in 2007. The UK entered the EEC in 1973. In a 1975 referendum 67% voted to stay in it; in 2016 52% voted to leave the EU.
The United Kingdom showing hilly regions to north and west
Köppen climate types of the UK
The Palace of Westminster, seat of both houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
Organisational chart of the UK political system
The Scottish Parliament Building in Holyrood is the seat of the Scottish Parliament.
The British-Irish Council comprises the UK Government, the Irish Government and the governments of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The Royal Courts of Justice of England and Wales
The High Court of Justiciary, the supreme criminal court of Scotland
and, a pair of Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy
British soldier firing during an exercise.
The Bank of England, the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based
The Mini Electric is manufactured in the UK.
Engines and wings for the Airbus A380 are manufactured in the UK.
A Watt steam engine, which was fundamental in driving the Industrial Revolution
London St Pancras International is one of London's main domestic and international transport hubs, providing commuter and high-speed rail services across the UK and to Paris, Lille and Brussels.
Energy mix of the United Kingdom over time
Wind turbines overlooking Ardrossan, Scotland. The UK is one of the best sites in Europe for wind energy, and wind power production is its fastest-growing supply.
Map of population density in the UK as at the 2011 census
Percentage of the population not white according to the 2011 census
Westminster Abbey
Estimated foreign-born population by country of birth from April 2007 to March 2008
Estimated number of British citizens living overseas by country in 2006
Christ Church, Oxford, is part of the University of Oxford, which traces its foundations back to c. 1096.
King's College (right) and Clare College (left), both part of the University of Cambridge, which was founded in 1209
The Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital, an NHS Scotland specialist children's hospital
The Chandos portrait, believed to depict William Shakespeare
A photograph of Victorian-era novelist Charles Dickens
Elgar aged about 60
The Beatles are the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed band in popular music, selling over a billion records.
J. M. W. Turner self-portrait, oil on canvas, c. 1799
Alfred Hitchcock has been ranked as one of the greatest and most influential British filmmakers of all time.
The Art Deco facade of Broadcasting House in London, headquarters of the BBC, the oldest and largest broadcaster in the world
Wembley Stadium, London, home of the England national football team, is the fifth most expensive stadium ever built.
The Millennium Stadium of Cardiff opened for the 1999 Rugby World Cup.
Wimbledon, the oldest Grand Slam tennis tournament, is held in Wimbledon, London every June and July.
St Andrews, Scotland, the home of golf. The standard 18 hole golf course was created at St Andrews in 1764.
The Statue of Britannia in Plymouth. Britannia is a national personification of the UK.

Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool and Leeds.

Birmingham city centre

Birmingham in 1732; all of the area seen is now located within the city centre.
Statue of Queen Victoria in Victoria Square
Birmingham Back to Backs on Hurst Street
Matthew Boulton College
The regenerated New Street station, completed in 2016, cost £600m.
St Philip's Cathedral

Birmingham City Centre, also known as Central Birmingham and often known locally as town, is the central business district of Birmingham, England.

Joseph Chamberlain

British statesman who was first a radical Liberal, then, after opposing home rule for Ireland, a Liberal Unionist, and eventually served as a leading imperialist in coalition with the Conservatives.

Chamberlain's third wife, Mary, by John Singer Sargent, 1902
Joseph and Austen Chamberlain photographed in The Caledonian
Joseph Chamberlain, Colonial Secretary
The Right Honourable Joseph Chamberlain, oil on canvas, 1896, John Singer Sargent. National Portrait Gallery
Joseph Chamberlain and Arthur Balfour, 1895
Joseph Chamberlain at his desk at the Colonial Office
A cornerstone laid by Mrs Chamberlain during her husband's South African tour
Political cartoon by Joaquín Xaudaró featuring Kruger and Chamberlain (Blanco y Negro, 9 December 1899).
Portrait by Harrington Mann, c. undefined1900
A 1901 cartoon of Joseph Chamberlain from Vanity Fair
Published 1906
Tariff Reform League poster
An ageing Chamberlain caricatured by "WHO" for Vanity Fair, 1908. Although his family attempted to conceal his disability, Chamberlain was barely capable of standing unaided by this time, and was no longer an active member of the House of Commons.
Grave of Joseph Chamberlain and his first two wives, Harriet (d. 1863) and Florence (d. 1875), in Key Hill Cemetery, Hockley, Birmingham
Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower at the University of Birmingham
Joseph Chamberlain in the Chancellor's robes of Birmingham University

Chamberlain made his career in Birmingham, first as a manufacturer of screws and then as a notable mayor of the city.

City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra

The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra at Symphony Hall, Birmingham
The Birmingham Festival Orchestra performing at Birmingham Town Hall in 1845
Granville Bantock, whose 1919 proposal led to the foundation of the City of Birmingham Orchestra in 1920.
Appleby Matthews
Programme for the first symphony concert, conducted by Edward Elgar on 10 November 1920
Portrait of Adrian Boult in 1923 by Ishibashi Kazunori
Leslie Heward
Andrzej Panufnik
Louis Frémaux
Symphony Hall, the orchestra's home since 1991
Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla conducting the CBSO at the Aldeburgh Festival in 2017

The City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) is a British orchestra based in Birmingham, England.

University of Birmingham

Coat of arms
A view across Chancellor's Court, towards the Law building
Ceiling of the Aston Webb building
The Barber Institute of Fine Arts
Friezes on the Aston Webb building
Poynting Physics building
The Great Hall, where the final round of the first ever prime ministerial debate was held
Statues of the University of Birmingham (Beethoven, Virgil, Michelangelo, Plato, Shakespeare, Newton, Watt, Faraday, and Darwin)
Plan of the new University Campus at Edgbaston, proposed by architects Sir Aston Webb and Mr Ingress Bell in 1909
The Aston Webb Buildings, Chancellor's Court
Old Joe, the university's clock tower, remains the tallest freestanding clock tower in the world
The university's Learning Centre (left), School of Computer Science (right) and Sir Eduardo Paolozzi's Faraday sculpture
Faculty of Arts Building
University railway station
Lapworth Museum of Geology
The Mason College building housed the Faculties of Arts and Law until 1962
Aston Webb building from the rear
Stained glass window in the Great Hall
The Shakespeare Institute, Stratford-upon-Avon
The University of Birmingham Astronomical Observatory
The old main library, which has now been demolished
The Medical School and Queen Elizabeth Hospital
William Bloye's Birmingham University mermaid
The Birmingham Business School
University of Birmingham Guild of Students
Birmingham University playing fields
Playing fields from the Clock Tower
High Hall as it appeared just prior to demolition in 2013
Barber Institute interior
William Bloye's mermaid fountain at Birmingham University
Nobel Prize winner Sir Norman Haworth
Nobel Prize winner Sir Peter Medawar
British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin
Saint Lucian Prime Minister, Kenny Anthony
Bahamian Prime Minister, Perry Christie
Chief Justice of Hong Kong, Geoffrey Ma

The University of Birmingham (informally Birmingham University) is a public research university located in Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Birmingham Repertory Theatre

The Rep in February 2014, showing the new connecting wing linking to the Library of Birmingham (right)
Barry Jackson, The Rep's founder, pictured in 1922.
The Old Rep – The Rep's home from 1913 until 1971.
Blue plaque to Sampson Gamgee
The Rep in 2007, before rebuilding as part of the Library of Birmingham project removed the 1991 extension, which can be seen to the right.

Birmingham Repertory Theatre, commonly called Birmingham Rep or just The Rep, is a producing theatre based on Centenary Square in Birmingham, England.


County in the West Midlands region of England.

Warwick Castle
Chesterton Windmill
Warwickshire in 1832
Kenilworth Castle
Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick from Church Street
The West Coast Main Line at Rugby
The Oxford Canal at Napton-on-the-Hill

The historic county boundaries included Coventry, Sutton Coldfield and Solihull, as well as much of Birmingham and Tamworth.

Birmingham Royal Ballet

One of the five major ballet companies of the United Kingdom, alongside The Royal Ballet, the English National Ballet, Northern Ballet and Scottish Ballet.

It also toured the UK and abroad, before relocating to Birmingham in 1990, where it uses the Birmingham Hippodrome stage when performing in the city.

City status in the United Kingdom

Granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities.

Until the 19th century, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster.
Birmingham was the first English town without an Anglican cathedral to be granted city status. Birmingham City Council meets at the Council House.

The link with Anglican dioceses was broken within England in 1889 when Birmingham successfully petitioned for city status (it was pre-empted in Ireland by Belfast in 1888) on the grounds of its large population and history of good local government.


House on Farquhar Road, typical of the Edgbaston area, demonstrating the affluence
Cattle graze in Edgbaston in 1830
Edgbaston constituency shown within Birmingham
Chancellor's Court, University of Birmingham

Edgbaston is a affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, England, historically in Warwickshire, and curved around the southwest of the city centre.