Birmingham Small Arms Company

BSABirmingham Small ArmsBSA GroupThe Birmingham Small Arms Company LimitedBSA motorcycleBirmingham Small Arms Company LimitedB.S.A.Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA)BSA TriumphBSAs
The Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited (BSA) was a major British industrial combine, a group of businesses manufacturing military and sporting firearms; bicycles; motorcycles; cars; buses and bodies; steel; iron castings; hand, power, and machine tools; coal cleaning and handling plants; sintered metals; and hard chrome process.wikipedia
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Daimler Company

DaimlerThe Daimler Company LimitedDaimlers
Believing he could buy the missing management skills that could not be found within BSA he started merger talks with The Daimler Company Limited of Coventry.
After early financial difficulty and a reorganisation of the company in 1904, the Daimler Motor Company was purchased by Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) in 1910, which also made cars under its own name before World War II.

Lanchester Motor Company

LanchesterThe Lanchester Motor Company LimitedLanchester Engine Company
An independent part of it was occupied by Lanchester Motor Company.
The Lanchester company was purchased by the BSA Group at the end of 1930, after which its cars were made by Daimler on Daimler's Coventry sites.

Lewis gun

Lewis machine gunLewis .303 cal machine gunLewis
In 1913 BSA undertook to manufacture quick-firing machine guns for the Lewis Automatic Arms Company whose rights covered the world except for the American Continent.
Lewis had been working closely with British arms manufacturer the Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited (BSA) in an effort to overcome some of the production difficulties of the weapon.

Royal Small Arms Factory

EnfieldRSAF EnfieldEn'''field
They were encouraged to do this by the War Office which gave the BSA gunsmiths free access to technical drawings and to the War Office's Board of Ordnance's Royal Small Arms Factory factory at Enfield.
The following year repair work was moved from Bagot Street to Sparkbrook but in 1905 manufacture at Sparkbrook was ended and the factory acquired by BSA in early 1906.

Royal Enfield

EnfieldEnfield Cycle CompanyRoyal Enfield Bullet
BSA bought The Eadie Manufacturing Company of Redditch in 1907 and so began to manufacture the Eadie two speed hub gear and the Eadie coaster brake hub.
Later, in 1907, after serious losses from their newly floated Enfield Autocar business, Eadie Manufacturing and its pedal-cycle component business was absorbed by Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA).

Small Heath

Small Heath, BirminghamSmall Heath Boxing Club
BSA bought 25 acre of land at Small Heath, Birmingham, built a factory there and made a road on the site calling it Armoury Road.
By the outbreak of World War II, BSA Guns Ltd at Small Heath was the only factory producing rifles in the UK.

Daimler Airway

Daimler Airway LimitedDaimler Air HireDaimler Hire Limited
Some of the businesses were allowed to continue for some years, Aircraft Transport and Travel's assets being eventually rolled into Daimler Air Hire to make Daimler Airway Limited.
Daimler Airway was an airline subsidiary of the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA)'s Daimler Company.

Airco

Aircraft Manufacturing CompanyMay, Harden & MayThe Aircraft Manufacturing Company
In February 1920 BSA amalgamated with what was the world's largest aircraft manufacturer, Aircraft Manufacturing Company (Airco), Airco's main plant at Hendon had employed between 7,000 and 8,000 people.
A glut of war surplus aircraft and a lack of government interest in aviation caused the company to become unprofitable, and in 1920 it was sold to Birmingham Small Arms Company, who had its operations liquidated later that year.

Amal (carburettor)

AmalAmal MonoblocAmac
Other features were Amac carburettor, chain drive, choice of magneto or Magdyno, 7-plate clutch, 3 speed gear box with kickstarter and new type of cantilever fork
Amal was the supplier of carburettors to many marques within the British motorcycle industry including the largest of British manufacturers, such as BSA and AMC, and to producers of small industrial engines.

Motorcycle

motorcyclesmotorbikebiker
In 1880 BSA manufactured the, In the 1880s the company began to manufacture safety bicycles on their own account and not until 1905 was the company's first experimental motorcycle constructed.
Other British firms were Royal Enfield, Norton and Birmingham Small Arms Company who began motorbike production in 1899, 1902 and 1910, respectively.

Dudley Docker

Frank Dudley DockerFD DockerDocker Brothers Limited
In 1906 Frank Dudley Docker was appointed a director of the company.
In 1906 he became a director of Birmingham Small Arms Company, the arms manufacturer which also grew into a leading motorcycle company.

Gun Quarter

Birmingham Gun QuarterGun Quarter, Birmingham130 Pritchett Street
BSA began in June 1861 in the Gun Quarter, Birmingham, England.
The Birmingham Small Arms Trade Association had supplied many of the guns during this period, and in 1861 fourteen of these gun smiths formed the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA).

BSA M20

M20M21BSA M21
The armed forces had chosen the 500 cc side-valve BSA M20 motorcycle as their preferred machine.
The BSA M20 was a British motorcycle made by Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) at their factory in Small Heath, Birmingham.

BSA Model E

Model E
In November 1919 BSA launched their first 50 degree vee-twin, Model E, 770cc side valve (6-7 hp) motorcycle for the 1920 season.
The BSA Model E was a British V-twin motorcycle manufactured by Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) at their factory in Armoury Road, Small Heath, Birmingham from 1919.

M1919 Browning machine gun

.30 cal (7.62 mm)Browning M1919Browning machine guns
BSA Guns Ltd was also producing .303 Browning machine guns for the Air Ministry at the rate of 600 guns per week in March 1939 and Browning production was to peak at 16,390 per month by March 1942.
In the UK, production was chiefly by BSA.

Boys anti-tank rifle

Boys Anti-tank riflesRifle, Anti-Tank, .55 in, Boys.55 in anti-tank rifle
Factories were set up at Tipton, Dudley, Smethwick, Blackheath, Lye, Kidderminster, Stourport, Tyseley, and Bromsgrove to manufacture Browning machine guns, Stoke, Corsham, and Newcastle-under-Lyme produced the Hispano cannon, Leicester and Studley Road produced the Besa machine gun, Ruislip produced the Oerlikon 20mm cannon, Stafford produced rocket projectiles, Tamworth produced two-pounder gun carriages, Mansfield produced the Boys Anti-tank gun and Shirley produced rifles.
There were three main versions of the Boys: an early model (Mark I) which had a circular muzzle brake and T-shaped monopod, built primarily at BSA in England; a later model (Mk I*) built primarily at the John Inglis and Company in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that had a square muzzle brake and a V shaped bipod; and a third model made for airborne forces with a 30-inch (762 mm) barrel and no muzzle brake.

Besa machine gun

BesaZB-53Besa Mark III 7.92mm
Factories were set up at Tipton, Dudley, Smethwick, Blackheath, Lye, Kidderminster, Stourport, Tyseley, and Bromsgrove to manufacture Browning machine guns, Stoke, Corsham, and Newcastle-under-Lyme produced the Hispano cannon, Leicester and Studley Road produced the Besa machine gun, Ruislip produced the Oerlikon 20mm cannon, Stafford produced rocket projectiles, Tamworth produced two-pounder gun carriages, Mansfield produced the Boys Anti-tank gun and Shirley produced rifles.
The name came from the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA), who signed an agreement with Československá zbrojovka to manufacture the gun in the UK.

Aircraft Transport and Travel

Aircraft Transport & Travel LimitedAircraft Transport & TravelAircraft Transport & Travel Limited (AT&T)
Some of the businesses were allowed to continue for some years, Aircraft Transport and Travel's assets being eventually rolled into Daimler Air Hire to make Daimler Airway Limited.
In February 1920, with its parent Aircraft Manufacturing Company Limited (Airco), AT&T, also known as Airco Air Express, became part of the BSA Group.

Birmingham Blitz

Birminghamair raids1940 air raid on West Bromwich
Two further air raids took place on 19 and 22 November 1940.
The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) factory was badly damaged, causing loss of production and trapping hundreds of workers.

George Holt Thomas

Airships LimitedGeorge Holt-ThomasHolt Thomas
Within days BSA discovered Airco was in a far more serious financial state than George Holt Thomas had revealed.
His Airco group of companies seemed near failure when he sold them into the BSA group's Daimler Hire Limited in February 1920.

Hispano-Suiza HS.404

20 mm Hispano cannonHispano cannonHispano
Factories were set up at Tipton, Dudley, Smethwick, Blackheath, Lye, Kidderminster, Stourport, Tyseley, and Bromsgrove to manufacture Browning machine guns, Stoke, Corsham, and Newcastle-under-Lyme produced the Hispano cannon, Leicester and Studley Road produced the Besa machine gun, Ruislip produced the Oerlikon 20mm cannon, Stafford produced rocket projectiles, Tamworth produced two-pounder gun carriages, Mansfield produced the Boys Anti-tank gun and Shirley produced rifles.
Around 42,500 Hispano cannon of various marks were manufactured by Birmingham Small Arms (BSA).

Ariel Motorcycles

ArielAriel 3Ariel 500
BSA bought the Sunbeam motorcycles and bicycle business from Associated Motor Cycles Ltd in 1943 and then Ariel Motors Ltd in 1944.
The company was sold to BSA in 1951 but the brand survived until 1967.

V-twin engine

V-twinV2vee-twin
In November 1919 BSA launched their first 50 degree vee-twin, Model E, 770cc side valve (6-7 hp) motorcycle for the 1920 season.
Also in the United Kingdom, Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) produced several cars powered by their V-twin motorcycle engines.

Sten

Sten gunSten submachine gunSten guns
During the course of the conflict BSA produced 1,250,000 Lee–Enfield .303 service rifles, 404,383 Sten sub-machine guns, 468,098 Browning machine guns plus spares equivalent to another 100,000, 42,532 Hispano cannon, 32,971 Oerlikon cannon, 59,322 7.9 mm Besa machine guns, 3,218 15 mm Besa machine guns, 68,882 Boys Anti-tank guns, 126,334 motorcycles, 128,000 military bicycles (over 60,000 of which were folding paratrooper bicycles), 10,000,000 shell fuse cases, 3,485,335 magazines and 750,000 anti-aircraft rockets were supplied to the armed forces.
Shepherd had been recalled to service after having retired and spending some time at the Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA).

Sunbeam Cycles

SunbeamSunbeam motorcycleJohn Marston Ltd
BSA bought the Sunbeam motorcycles and bicycle business from Associated Motor Cycles Ltd in 1943 and then Ariel Motors Ltd in 1944.
Associated Motor Cycles bought it in 1937; then, BSA bought Sunbeam in 1943.