Birth rate

crude birth ratebirth ratesbirthratebirthnatalitybirthsCrude Birthbirthrateschildbirth ratescrude birth rates
The crude birth rate in a year or other period is the total number of live births per 1,000 population (divided by the length of the period in years).wikipedia
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Population growth

population growth rategrowth ratehuman population growth
The birth rate (along with mortality and migration rates) is used to calculate population growth.
A growth ratio of zero indicates that there were the same number of individuals at the beginning and end of the period—a growth rate may be zero even when there are significant changes in the birth rates, death rates, immigration rates, and age distribution between the two times.

Family planning in Iran

family planningIranthe country's extensive promotion of family planning
Non-coercive measures such as improved information on birth control and its availability have achieved good results in countries such as Iran and Bangladesh.
By 2007 the growth rate had declined to 0.7 percent per year, with a birth rate of 17 per 1,000 persons and a death rate of 6 per 1,000.

Rate of natural increase

natural increaseNatural growth ratenatural increase in population
When the crude death rate is subtracted from the crude birth rate, the result is the rate of natural increase (RNI).
In demography, the rate of natural increase (RNI) is a statistic calculated by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate of a given region.

Demography

demographicdemographicsdemographer
The number of live births is normally taken from a universal registration system for births; population counts from a census, and estimation through specialized demographic techniques.

Total fertility rate

fertility ratefertility ratesreplacement rate
In the past 30 years Turkey's fertility rate of children per woman has dropped from 4.07 to 2.08.
The TFR (or TPFR—total period fertility rate) is a better index of fertility than the crude birth rate (annual number of births per thousand population) because it is independent of the age structure of the population, but it is a poorer estimate of actual completed family size than the total cohort fertility rate, which is obtained by summing the age-specific fertility rates that actually applied to each cohort as they aged through time.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
Some (including those of Italy and Malaysia) seek to increase the birth rate with financial incentives or provision of support services to new mothers.
There was also a decline in crude birth rate from 16.7 (2015) to 16.1 (2016) per 1,000 population.

Romania

ROURomanianRomânia
At the 1974 World Population Conference in Bucharest, Romania, women's issues gained considerable attention.
The birth rate (9.49‰, 2012) is much lower than the mortality rate (11.84‰, 2012), resulting in a shrinking (−0.26% per year, 2012) and aging population (median age: 41.6 years, 2018), one of the oldest populations in the world, with approximately 16.8% of total population aged 65 years and over.

World Population Conference

At the 1974 World Population Conference in Bucharest, Romania, women's issues gained considerable attention.
Each session included papers followed by open discussions on topics including biology and population growth, food and population, differential fertility, the psychology of falling birth rates, international migration and migration restriction, heredity, and disease.

Mali

Republic of MaliMalianMLI
As of 2016, Niger, Mali, Uganda, Zambia, and Burundi have the highest birth rates in the world.
The birth rate in 2014 is 45.53 births per 1,000, and the total fertility rate (in 2012) was 6.4 children per woman.

Demographics of the world

demographics
China and India are the most populous countries, as the birth rate has consistently dropped in developed countries and until recently remained high in developing countries.

List of sovereign states and dependent territories by birth rate

Birth rateBirth rates in the EUList of countries by birth rate
This article includes three versions of the list of countries by crude birth rate.

Human overpopulation

overpopulationexpanding human populationoverpopulated
Throughout recorded history, population growth has usually been slow despite high birth rates, due to war, plagues and other diseases, and high infant mortality.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The birth rate in Germany is only 8.3 per thousand—so low that the UK and France (which have smaller populations) had more births in the past year.
Since the 1970s, Germany's death rate has exceeded its birth rate.

Ageing of Europe

Aging of Europeageing populationaging population
Demographic studies and resultant reports conducted by the European Commission point to the declining birth rate of the population of the native European peoples, which would need to be reversed from its present level of about 1.4 in order to preclude a population decline of the native European peoples by nearly half in each generation, back to a replacement level of 2.1.

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
Developed countries have a lower birth rate than underdeveloped countries (see Income and fertility).
Over the last few decades, global population growth has largely been driven by developing countries, which often have higher birth rates (higher fertility rate) than developed countries.

Population decline

depopulationdepopulatedpopulation loss
In Eastern Europe and Russia, natality fell abruptly after the end of the Soviet Union, and death rates generally rose.

Human population planning

human population controlpopulation controlpopulation planning
Singapore has undergone two major phases in its population planning: first to slow and reverse the baby boom in the Post-World War II era; then from the 1980s onwards to encourage couples to have more children as the birth rate had fallen below the replacement-level fertility.

Census

UK censuscensusespopulation census
The number of live births is normally taken from a universal registration system for births; population counts from a census, and estimation through specialized demographic techniques.

Mortality rate

mortalitymortality ratesdeath rates
The birth rate (along with mortality and migration rates) is used to calculate population growth.

Human migration

migrationmigratedmigrate
The birth rate (along with mortality and migration rates) is used to calculate population growth.

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
Some (including those of Italy and Malaysia) seek to increase the birth rate with financial incentives or provision of support services to new mothers.

Birth control

contraceptioncontraceptivecontraceptives
Non-coercive measures such as improved information on birth control and its availability have achieved good results in countries such as Iran and Bangladesh.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
Non-coercive measures such as improved information on birth control and its availability have achieved good results in countries such as Iran and Bangladesh.

Reproductive health

sexual healthsexual and reproductive healthsexual
In some countries, government policies have focused on reducing birth rates by improving women's rights, sexual and reproductive health.

Life expectancy

lifespanlife spanlife expectancies
Typically, high birth rates are associated with health problems, low life expectancy, low living standards, low social status for women and low educational levels.