Black Army of Hungary

Black ArmyCorvinus' armyFekete SeregHoly Roman Empire, Bohemia, Poland, Serbia, Bosnia, Moldavia, Wallachia, Italymilitary campaignsThe Black Army's uprising
The Black Army (Fekete sereg, pronounced ), also called the Black Legion/Regiment – possibly after their black armor panoply – is a common name given to the military forces serving under the reign of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.wikipedia
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Matthias Corvinus

Matthias Corvinus of HungaryKing MatthiasMatthias I
The Black Army (Fekete sereg, pronounced ), also called the Black Legion/Regiment – possibly after their black armor panoply – is a common name given to the military forces serving under the reign of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
Matthias established a professional army (the Black Army of Hungary), reformed the administration of justice, reduced the power of the barons, and promoted the careers of talented individuals chosen for their abilities rather than their social statuses.

Hungary

HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
The Black Army (Fekete sereg, pronounced ), also called the Black Legion/Regiment – possibly after their black armor panoply – is a common name given to the military forces serving under the reign of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
Matthias' mercenary standing army, the Black Army of Hungary, was an unusually large army for its time, and it conquered parts of Austria, Vienna (1485) and parts of Bohemia.

Hussar

HussarsHungarian HussarHussard
The traditional hussars were introduced by Matthias; henceforth, the light cavalry is called huszár, a name derived from the word húsz ("twenty" in English), which refers to the drafting scheme where for every twenty serfs a noble owned, he had to equip a mounted soldier.
The first hussar regiments comprised the light cavalry of the Black Army of Hungary.

Arquebus

arquebusierarquebusiersarquebuses
Every fourth soldier in the Black Army had an arquebus, which was an unusual ratio at the time.
1458–1490). One in four soldiers in the Black Army of Hungary wielded an arquebus, and one in five when accounting for the whole army, which was a relatively high proportion at the time.

Swiss mercenaries

Swiss mercenarySwissmercenary
The infantry contained Swiss pikemen, who were held in high honour by the king.
The standing mercenary army of king Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (Black Army of Hungary 1458–1490) also contained Swiss pikemen units, who were held in high honour by the king.

Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt

mortgaged Hungarian villagesTreaty of Wiener Neustadt
Jiskra was promised a royal pardon and two castles, Solymos and Lippa (now Şoimuş and Lipova), in the Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt of 1463, and his soldiers received a payment of 25,000 ducats.
In the secret clause of the treaty, Frederick lost control of John Jiskra and his army, which allowed Matthias to hire them into his service, which would form the core of the later Black Army and the spearhead of Hungarian conquests to come.

Vladislaus II of Hungary

Vladislaus IIVladislaus II of Bohemia and HungaryLadislaus II
The noble estate of the parliament succeeded in reducing the tax burden by 70–80 percent, at the expense of the country's ability to defend itself, thus the newly elected king Vladislaus II was not able to cover the cost of the army.
Due to the concessions he had made before his election, the royal treasury could not finance a standing army and Matthias Corvinus's Black Army was dissolved after a rebellion, although the Ottomans made regular raids against the southern border.

Battle of Breadfield

Battle of KenyérmezőBreadfieldCâmpul Pâinii
It was a standing mercenary army that conquered large parts of Austria (including the capital Vienna in 1485) and more than half of the Crown of Bohemia (Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias), the other important victory of the army was won against the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.
The hero of the battle was Pál Kinizsi, the legendary Hungarian general and a man of Herculean strength in the service of Matthias Corvinus' Black Army of Hungary.

Wagon fort

laagerWagenburgtabor
The latter served multiple purposes: to hold off enemy attacks, to cover ranged infantry shooting from behind (fusiliers engage first, the archers fire constantly), and moveable hussite-style tabor (with a restricted deployment of war wagons in number).
After the Hussite Wars, foreign powers such as the Hungarians and Poles who had confronted the destructive forces of Hussites, hired thousands of Czech mercenaries (such as into the Black Army of Hungary).

Vuk Grgurević

Vuk Grgurević BrankovićZmaj Ognjeni VukVuk
He is known in Serbian epic poetry for his valour and heroism, and is called Vuk the Fiery Dragon (Змај Огњени Вук / Zmaj Ognjeni Vuk), Vuk the Dragon-Despot, or simply the Dragon; he commanded the Hungarian army (Black Army) in several of its battles against the Ottomans.

Siege of Wiener Neustadt

Detailsled an expeditionrenewed siege
The Black Army was ordered to attack the suburbs of Vienna; they crossed the ditch, set fire in the suburbs and drove the inhabitants away, and a part of his troops rushed to assist in the ongoing tense battle at the trenches around the inner city.

Siege of Jajce

after a 3-month siegea siegeconquered
According to Thallóczy, those who wanted to leave could do so without their slaves, while the rest were free to join the Black Army; around 400 soldiers chose to be drafted into the Hungarian army, including the head captain Yusuf Bey.

Kingdom of Hungary

HungaryHungarianHungarian Kingdom
In the 15th century, the Black Army of Hungary was a modern mercenary army, with the Hussars the most skilled troops of the Hungarian cavalry.

Battle of Leitzersdorf

Details
In the early course of the battle, the Imperial cavalry gained advantage and made the Black Army retreat.

Pál Kinizsi

Paul KinizsiKinizsiPavel Chinezul
He destroyed the former king's mercenary Black Army which had become a robber band after its dissolution.

John Hunyadi

János HunyadiJanos HunyadiIancu de Hunedoara
The ancestor and core of this early standing mercenary army appeared in the era of his father John Hunyadi in the early 1440s.

Julius Caesar

CaesarGaius Julius CaesarJulius Cæsar
The idea of the professional standing mercenary army came from Matthias' juvenile readings about the life of Julius Caesar.

Archduchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianArchduchess of Austria
It was a standing mercenary army that conquered large parts of Austria (including the capital Vienna in 1485) and more than half of the Crown of Bohemia (Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias), the other important victory of the army was won against the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
It was a standing mercenary army that conquered large parts of Austria (including the capital Vienna in 1485) and more than half of the Crown of Bohemia (Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias), the other important victory of the army was won against the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.

Lands of the Bohemian Crown

Bohemian CrownCrown of BohemiaBohemia
It was a standing mercenary army that conquered large parts of Austria (including the capital Vienna in 1485) and more than half of the Crown of Bohemia (Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias), the other important victory of the army was won against the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.

Moravia

Habsburg MoraviaMoravianMorava
It was a standing mercenary army that conquered large parts of Austria (including the capital Vienna in 1485) and more than half of the Crown of Bohemia (Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias), the other important victory of the army was won against the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.