Black Brant (rocket)

Black BrantBlack Brant XIIBlack Brant rocketBlack Brant sounding rocketBlack Brant IXAlbert FiaBlack Brant 9Black Brant IVBlack Brant 3Black Brant 4A
The Black Brant is a family of Canadian-designed sounding rockets originally built by Bristol Aerospace, since absorbed by Magellan Aerospace in Winnipeg, Manitoba.wikipedia
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Sounding rocket

sounding rocketsrocketsondemeteorological rocket
The Black Brant is a family of Canadian-designed sounding rockets originally built by Bristol Aerospace, since absorbed by Magellan Aerospace in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Certain sounding rockets have an apogee between 620 and 930 mi, such as the Black Brant X and XII, which is the maximum apogee of their class.

Canadian Space Agency

CSACanadian space programCanadian Space Agency (CSA)
They have been repeatedly used by the Canadian Space Agency and NASA.
Between 1945 and 1960, Canada undertook a number of small launcher and satellite related projects under the aegis of defence research, including the development of the Black Brant rocket as well as series of advanced studies examining both orbital rendezvous and re-entry.

Bristol Aerospace

Bristol
The Black Brant is a family of Canadian-designed sounding rockets originally built by Bristol Aerospace, since absorbed by Magellan Aerospace in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
After initial research completed in the early 1960s, Bristol started selling a "lightened" version of the test vehicle as the Black Brant for sounding rocket use and opened the Rockwood Propellant Plant in 1962.

Winnipeg

Winnipeg, ManitobaWinnipeg, CanadaWinnipeg, MB
The Black Brant is a family of Canadian-designed sounding rockets originally built by Bristol Aerospace, since absorbed by Magellan Aerospace in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
The Western Canada Aviation Museum, in a hangar at Winnipeg's James Richardson International Airport, features military jets, commercial aircraft, Canada's first helicopter, the "flying saucer" Avrocar, flight simulators, and a Black Brant rocket built in Manitoba by Bristol Aerospace.

DRDC Valcartier

CARDECanadian Armament Research and Development EstablishmentCanadian Armament and Research Development Establishment
Black Brant was the result of research at Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) during the 1950s into the nature of the upper atmosphere as part of ongoing research into anti-ballistic missile systems and very-long-range communication.
The early portions of the 1960s was taken up developing a series of increasingly powerful high-acceleration solid rocket propellants, and to test them they designed and built a test vehicle that would later become the Black Brant sounding rocket.

Anti-ballistic missile

ABManti-ballisticantiballistic missile
Black Brant was the result of research at Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) during the 1950s into the nature of the upper atmosphere as part of ongoing research into anti-ballistic missile systems and very-long-range communication.
Another was the CRV7 and Black Brant rockets, which used the new solid rocket fuel.

Churchill Rocket Research Range

ChurchillFort ChurchillAkjuit Aerospace
The first test flight took place only two years later from the Churchill Rocket Research Range in September 1959.
In September 1959 it was used to test CARDE's new solid fuel propellant systems with PVT-1, the vehicle that would evolve into the Black Brant.

Solid-propellant rocket

solid-fuel rocketSolidsolid rocket
In 1957 CARDE contracted Bristol to produce a simple rocket fuselage, called the Propulsion Test Vehicle, for studies into high-power solid fuels.

CRV7

CRV-7CRV 7 RocketCRV7-PG
Bristol then placed this propellant in a new 70 mm rocket to form the CRV7, the first rocket capable of penetrating standard Warsaw Pact aircraft hangars.
This program led to the development of the Black Brant sounding rocket, which first flew in 1965 and has had a long and successful career since then.

Norwegian rocket incident

false alarmNorwegian research rocket
The Norwegian rocket incident, also known as the Black Brant scare, occurred on January 25, 1995 when a team of Norwegian and US scientists launched a Black Brant XII four-stage sounding rocket from the Andøya Rocket Range off the northwestern coast of Norway.

Noctilucent cloud

noctilucent cloudsnoctilucentmesospheric cloud
NASA reported that the light came from an artificial noctilucent cloud formed by the exhaust particles of the rocket's fourth stage at an altitude of about 278 km.
The United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and the United States Department of Defense Space Test Program (STP) conducted the Charged Aerosol Release Experiment (CARE) on September 19, 2009, using exhaust particles from a Black Brant XII suborbital sounding rocket launched from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility to create an artificial noctilucent cloud.

Magellan Aerospace

Magellan Aerospace CorporationMagellan Aerospace Corporation (Magellan)Magellan Aerospace Inc
The Black Brant is a family of Canadian-designed sounding rockets originally built by Bristol Aerospace, since absorbed by Magellan Aerospace in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNASA Advisory CouncilU.S. space program
They have been repeatedly used by the Canadian Space Agency and NASA.

Atmosphere of Earth

airEarth's atmosphereatmosphere
Black Brant was the result of research at Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) during the 1950s into the nature of the upper atmosphere as part of ongoing research into anti-ballistic missile systems and very-long-range communication.

Rocket

rocketsrocketryrocket scientist
In 1957 CARDE contracted Bristol to produce a simple rocket fuselage, called the Propulsion Test Vehicle, for studies into high-power solid fuels.

Fuselage

hullaircraft fuselageairframe
In 1957 CARDE contracted Bristol to produce a simple rocket fuselage, called the Propulsion Test Vehicle, for studies into high-power solid fuels.

RIM-8 Talos

TalosTalos missileBendix RIM-8 Talos
Since then it has undergone continual evolution, and the current versions are the XI and XII, consisting of Black Brant V used as an upper stage, with Talos and Terrier boosters as lower stages.

RIM-2 Terrier

TerrierTerrier missileRIM-2 Terrier Missile
Since then it has undergone continual evolution, and the current versions are the XI and XII, consisting of Black Brant V used as an upper stage, with Talos and Terrier boosters as lower stages.

Ionosphere

ionosphericD layerionospheric physics
They have reached altitudes of more than 1500 km, which is above the ionosphere and well above the orbits of the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station.

Space Shuttle

Shuttlespace shuttlesSpace Shuttle Program
They have reached altitudes of more than 1500 km, which is above the ionosphere and well above the orbits of the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station.

International Space Station

ISSInternational Space Station (ISS)Space Station
They have reached altitudes of more than 1500 km, which is above the ionosphere and well above the orbits of the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station.

Warsaw Pact

Soviet blocWarsaw TreatyEastern Bloc
Bristol then placed this propellant in a new 70 mm rocket to form the CRV7, the first rocket capable of penetrating standard Warsaw Pact aircraft hangars.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
In 1976, Australia and Canada through the National Research Council Canada (NRCC) agreed to launch a rocket from Woomera Test Range.

National Research Council (Canada)

National Research CouncilNational Research Council of CanadaNRC
In 1976, Australia and Canada through the National Research Council Canada (NRCC) agreed to launch a rocket from Woomera Test Range.

RAAF Woomera Range Complex

Woomera Test RangeWoomeraWoomera Rocket Range
In 1976, Australia and Canada through the National Research Council Canada (NRCC) agreed to launch a rocket from Woomera Test Range.